Charles Howell Ward Papers

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Collection Overview
Title: Charles Howell Ward papers
Creator: Ward, Charles H. (Charles Howell), 1862-
Call Number: A.W22
Dates: 1873-1943
Physical Description: 14 boxes, 2 Volumes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Scope and Content
Charles Howell Ward (1862-1943), osteologist and preparateur of anatomical models, was the son of Professor Henry A. Ward, founder of Ward's Natural Science Establishment in Rochester. He attended Alfred College for two years after he returned from sea; after a stint with the Army in the Southwest, he joined his father's business, in the Department of Human Anatomy, in 1885. He left his father's firm in 1899 to found the Charles H. Ward Anatomical Laboratory, which he continued to operate until his death.

He prepared an exhibit for the Chicago World's Fair in 1893 while he was employed at the Ward's Natural Science Establishment, and he was known for his preparation of the "Bear Hunt" at the Buffalo Medical School, exhibits for the Army Medical Museum, casts of remains of prehistoric man, and a great variety of models for the teaching of anatomy. He was a member of the Rochester Dental society, the Rochester Academy of Science, and the American Association of Anatomists.

The collection consists of correspondence and business records of the Charles H. Ward Anatomical Laboratory, Rochester, New York; personal correspondence, diaries and accounts of Charles H. Ward; notes on the chemical and other technical processes involved in the preparation of anatomical models, and other scientific subjects; photographs relating to osteology and the preparation of models; published articles written by Charles H. Ward and catalogues of the Charles H. Ward Anatomical Laboratory; personal memorabilia; and a collection of pamphlets on osteology and related scientific subjects.

In 1992, the arrangement and housing of the photographs (formerly Container 12) was upgraded, and the photograph collection was split into two boxes. Two binders of photocopies of the photographs, which serves as the index to them, is kept with the registers in the workroom; please inquire at the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.

The photos in these two boxes date from the 1890s to the 1930s. The collection includes photos from a German anatomical supply company. Several folders contain examples of Charles H. Ward's work in osteology including children's skeletons, syphilitic skeletons, and skeletons of very tall persons. Miscellaneous photographs of meteors and a trip to China and the Pacific are also in the collection

Human anatomy--Models
Bones--Study and teaching
Account books
Ward, Charles H. (Charles Howell), 1862-
Charles H. Ward Anatomical Laboratory
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Source: Gift of Roswell Ward, October 5, 1960 and January 1964.Access
The Charles Howell Ward papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Charles Howell Ward papers, A.W22, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
  • Henry A. Ward Papers : Henry founded Ward's Natural Science Establishment in 1862. This collection contains correspondence, catalogs, bulletins, and numerous photographs of the Establishment and its products.
  • Roswell H. Ward Papers : Roswell was Charles' son and Henry's grandson who donated the Henry A. Ward Papers to the University. He was the biographer of his grandfather.
  • Henry L. Ward Papers : Henry L. was Henry A.'s other son who was the director of the Milwaukee Public Museum and natural scientist in his own right.
  • Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers (1876-1988): This collection continues the history of Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, New York, as started in the Henry Augustus Ward Papers. The collection was donated by William C. Gamble, president of the firm between 1962 and 1980. The Ward's Addition is a continuation of this original Ward's collection.
  • Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers, Addition : This collection continues the history of Ward's Natural Science Establishment as started in the Henry Augustus Ward Papers (call number A.W23) and continued in the Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers (call number D.231). While the first collection of the Establishment (D.231) concentrates on the history of Ward's from the 1950s through the 1980s, covering mostly the financial and business aspects of the company, particularly from the time when William C. Gamble was president of Ward's (1962 through 1980), this newest addition to the collection, while smaller in volume, is much broader in scope. It encompasses the history of Ward's from its earliest beginnings with Henry A. Ward in 1862 through the sale of the company in 1998. It also includes many historical materials on the extended Henry A. Ward Family.
  • Ward's Natural Science Establishment Catalog Collection . This collection consists of approximately 200 catalogs published by Ward's between 1863 and 1993. The catalogs describe the items that Ward's had available for sale including skeletons, mounted birds and animals, geological specimens, fossils, meteorites, scientific equipment, and models.
  • University of Rochester Archives, Public Relations File on Ward's. No call number. This file is crucial to understanding the circumstances surrounding the 1928 donation of the Establishment to the University, and the shift in emphasis led by Dean Gamble.

Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055

Content List
Series I: Correspondence
Box 1Business correspondence, 1885-October 1903
Box 2Business correspondence, November 1903-1925
Box 3Business correspondence, 1926-1930
Box 4Business correspondence, 1931-1942, undated
Box 4Personal correspondence, 1876-1900
Box 5Personal correspondence, 1901-1943
"Some peculiarities of primitive man"
Typed manuscript

Untitled lecture [On muscles]
Notes relating to osteology and anatomical preparations
Box 6Notes relating to biology, chemistry, odontology, and osteology
Series II: Diaries
Box 7, Volume 1-19Diaries, 1873-1876, 1887-1888, 1891-1892, 1894, 1900, 1927-1934
Box 8, Volume 1-5Diaries, 1936-1938, 1940-1941
Series III: Account books, order books, etc.
Box 8, Volume 1-14Account books, personal, 1888-1889, 1890-1899
Box 9, Volume 1-39Account books, personal, 1901-1904, 1906-1907, 1911, 1913-1940
Box 10, Volume 1-4Account books, business, 1900-1903, 1905-1906
Box 10, Volume 5-9Time books, 1912-1914, 1916-1917, 1920, 1922-1923
Box 10, Volume 10Order book, 1899-1902
Box 10, Volume 11-12Price books, 1894, undated
Box 10, Volume 13Inventory of bones, 1900-1901
Box 10, Volume 14Old inventory of animal bones and skulls
Box 10, Volume 15Chicago notes, 1894
Box 10, Volume 16Financial data
Box 10Genealogical material
Box 10Personal memorabilia
Series IV: Printed material
Box 11, Folder 1Articles by Charles H. Ward
Box 11, Folder 2Printed catalogues
Box 11, Folder 3Individual printed items
Box 13Pamphlet collection, A-K
Box 14Pamphlet collection, L-Z
Volume 1"Voyage of R.M.S. Challanger"
Volume 2"Homo [Mammal] Department-January 1, 1896-February 4, 1899"
Volume 3"Results of form letter campaigns", 1904-1913, 1936
Series V: Anatomical catalogs and photographs
Box 12a, Folder 1Paper catalogs from Marcus Sommer, Sonnenberg, Thuringia
This company supplied anatomical models to schools. Charles H. Ward probably acted as American agent for this company.

Box 12a, Folder 2-3Photographs of models for Marcus Sommer, Sonnenburg, Thuringia, Late 1930s
18 items in folder 2, 19 items in folder 3

Box 12a, Folder 4Children's skeletons, preparations of human joints, mountings of syphilitic bones
19 items

Box 12a, Folder 5Photos of dental preparations and skulls, mostly undated
20 items
Two photos (12a:5:13 and 12a:5:19 dated 12 September 1935)

Box 12a, Folder 6Beauchene skull preparation photographed from several angles. Various other skeletons mounted in several other configurations, undated
19 items

Box 12a, Folder 7Comparative skull photos. Whole skeletons with muscle groups marked. Series of photos of a "giant."
Most undated except the following

12a:7:1 - 31 March 1902
12a:7:17 - 23 March 1938
12a:7:18 - 31 October 1937
12a:7:19 - 31 October 1937
12a:7:20 - 23 July 1937
12a:7:22 - 23 July 193? Last digit unreadable
12a:7:23 - 31 March 1902
12a:7:24 - 1 May 1936
Box 12b, Folder 1Photographs of skulls and a cretin, miscellaneous photographs
8 items

Box 12b, Folder 2-3Photographs of a trip to China or Pacific area. Various artifacts
Box 12b, Folder 4Arizona meteor crater. Miscellaneous. Undated.
14 items

Box 12b, Folder 5Rib cages, anatomical kits sold by Charles H Ward's company. Undated
16 items

Box 12b, Folder 6Charles H Ward's product line. Undated
13 items

Box 12b, Folder 7-8Animal preparations. Undated
14 items in folder 7, 9 items in folder 8

Box 12b, Folder 9Miscellaneous
7 items

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