Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers

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Collection Overview
Title: WARD'S NATURAL SCIENCE ESTABLISHMENT PAPERS
Call Number: D.231
Dates: 1876-1988
Physical Description: 55 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation

Biographical/Historical Note
A Brief History of Ward's Natural Science Establishment Since 1900:

Founded in 1862 by Henry Augustus Ward (1834-1906), Ward's Natural Science Establishment, in the nineteenth century, was a leading supplier of natural science materials to museums in North America. Henry A. Ward spent most of his time travelling around the world and needed someone to lead the main office. As a result, Frank A. Ward, a cousin of Henry's, became treasurer of the Establishment in 1884 and supervised the operations in Rochester. In the few years before his death in 1906, Henry A. Ward gave up his interest in the company and Frank A. Ward became president. By the 1920s, the original purpose of the Establishment proved inadequate as museums started to operate their own collection and taxidermy departments, and no longer purchased from Ward's in their original volume. As a result, the Establishment's sales were weak. A series of deaths in the Ward family in 1927, including Frank A. Ward, led the Ward family to donate the company to the University of Rochester in 1928.

The Frank A. Ward Foundation of Natural Science at the University of Rochester, as the gift was known, at first did not prosper under its new owners. A fire in 1930 destroyed much of the company's records and inventory, and the Great Depression led to further reductions in sales. The University considered shutting down the company, but the scientific and museum community pleaded with the University to continue operations. In addition, Dean L. Gamble (1892-1981), a vice-president of the General Biological Supply House in Chicago wrote to Rush Rhees, University president, asking to be considered for the position of president of Ward's. The University hired Gamble, gave him complete control, and loaned the Establishment money to continue its operations. Throughout the 1930s the Establishment operated on small budgets and continued to lose money until late in the decade. As the economy recovered before World War II, so did Ward's and in 1940, the University sold the company's stock to Dean L. Gamble and Frank Hawley Ward, Frank A. Ward's son, for the amount of money owed the University by Ward's.

Dean L. Gamble led the transformation of Ward's from an obsolete museum supplier into a modern educational supply house. The company maintained its roots in the natural sciences, but shifted its emphasis to schools. Central to this project was development of new products that could make scientific material accessible to students. Gamble pioneered the use of 2"x2" photographic slides as a means of showing biological and geological specimens to a large number of people. He also developed a method of encasing specimens in plastic to allow a student to examine a specimen closely.

Just before World War II, Gamble moved the Establishment from the center of Rochester to a site on Irondequoit Bay that had room for expansion. Ward's grew with the "Baby Boom," and by 1970 sales grew to $10 million. In the 1960s, Ward's purchased land for expansion in the town of Pittsford since a residential subdivision hemmed in the Irondequoit site.

William C. Gamble (b.1926) joined the Establishment in 1950, at the beginning of this period of expansion. He started as a sales representative, but quickly came to lead the company. Dean L. Gamble divorced and re-married in 1949, and moved to Monterey, California in the 1950s. He opened a subsidiary, Ward's of California, to serve the West Coast.

William Gamble led the company through its period of greatest growth. Not only did the "Baby Boom" swell the nation's classrooms, but the Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik in 1957 fueled tremendous interest in science education. Ward's was a beneficiary of the National Defense Education Act of 1957 which sent millions of dollars to schools to fund expanded programs in the sciences. William Gamble also proved an innovator. He pushed the company to develop filmstrips on the sciences and led the effort, in conjunction with other educators, to develop a series of overhead projection transparencies. Dyna-Vue, as Ward's called the transparencies, proved to be a tremendous success for the Establishment. During the 1960s, Ward's developed a self-contained specimen and magnifying glass called Magnimount was not as successful. In addition, attempted expansion into elementary school science proved unsuccessful. Despite these setbacks, the 1960s were the period of Ward's greatest growth as a business and innovation in science education.

The growth and successes of the 1960s meant Ward's always needed more capital to fund expansion and product development. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, all the Establishment's profits were reinvested. William Gamble attempted to transform the Establishment from being closely held to publicly held through the sale of stock. Such a sale would have allowed the company both to grow and to remain independent. By the late 1960s, public sale of Ward's stock was not possible. Instead Gamble examined merging the company. After rejecting various suitors, Gamble arranged the sale of the Establishment, in April, 1970, to KDI Corporation of Cincinnati, Ohio, for $9.3 million in KDI stock.

By the late 1960s, however, the economic climate for educational suppliers changed. The "Baby Boom" was over, interest in science education waned after the moon landing, and the economic and foreign policy decisions of the 1960s helped slow the rate of economic growth. In addition, the merger-mania of the 1960s led to rash decisions and unintended consequences. What was expected to help Ward's turned into a disaster when, in late 1970, six months after the merger, KDI declared bankruptcy after an accounting variance was discovered. In the aftermath of the bankruptcy, KDI's need for capital greatly affected Ward's. New product research and development, the key to Ward's success since 1930, stopped for several years. The Establishment also depended on public school budgets for most of its business. When recession and the tax revolt of the mid-1970s reduced those budgets, the company was also hurt.

In the late 1970s, the outlook for science education continued to be bleak. KDI, which had successfully recovered from bankruptcy, decided to sell Ward's. In August of 1980, Science Kit, a private science supplier purchased Ward's for $3.2 million cash. Shortly after the purchase William Gamble was promoted to Chairman of the Board. Since then Ward's has consolidated all of its operations in a new facility in Henrietta, New York. The company continues to be a leading educational supplier. William Gamble took a position as Executive Vice-President with KDI Corporation and retired in 1986.

Scope and Content
This collection continues the history of Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, New York, as started in the Henry Augustus Ward Papers (call number A.W23). Most documents in the collection are from between 1955 and 1980, though some material dates to 1930, and a little is from the nineteenth century. Papers in the collection cover the finances and internal operation of the Establishment, several elementary and secondary educational products, as well as mergers and sales of the company. Also included are the personal papers of William C. Gamble, president of the firm between 1962 and 1980. Material in the collections would be useful to historians of science, science education, business, and the City of Rochester.

The collection was given by William C. Gamble, University of Rochester Class of 1950, between 1981 and 1990. Mr. Gamble also provided funds for processing and cataloging the collection.

Arrangement
Historical Material. Magazine articles about the Establishment. Memoirs, reminiscences, scrapbooks. Boxes 1-3, 49-50.

Box 1, Folder 1 contains letters from William C. Gamble to Karl Kabelac, manuscripts librarian. Gamble sent the collection in many shipments of a few boxes each. With each shipment he wrote a letter describing what was in the shipment along with his commentary on the people or times covered. The letters offer insight into the operation of Ward's, Gamble's relationship with his father, the KDI merger, and some of the unique individuals who supplied Ward's with human skeletons and preserved materials.

Ward's Business Files 1950-1980. Boxes 4-22. Three subcategories:

Boxes 17-20: William C. Gamble's Punchbooks. These were general purpose notebooks that held financial information, memoranda, and Gamble's business diary. Gamble's punchbooks, in conjunction with other business files, offer a fairly complete picture of company finances during the 1960s. They also provide material on Gamble's civic-minded activities during the same period.

Correspondence. Boxes 23-33. Four subcategories.

Educational Materials. Boxes 34-37. Details and examples of Ward's educational projects such as the expansion into elementary science during the 1960s. This section also includes catalogs, and incomplete series of Ward's Natural Science Bulletin and associated publications.

Box 37: Catalogs. Along with samples of Ward's catalogs, this box also contains runs of Ward's Natural Science Bulletin and associated publications. While these bulletins served as a vehicle for selling the Establishment's products, the articles published were quite serious and offer a way of tracking changes in science education.

Merger and Stock Materials. Box 38. Correspondence, stockholder meetings, and minutes, 1963-1970.

KDI Corporation Files. Boxes 39-40. Correspondence, treasurer's files and reports regarding Ward's.

Photographs, Ephemera. Box 41. Photos of Dean L. and William C. Gamble, David E. Jensen, Clayla (Mrs. Frank Hawley) Ward.

Gamble family material, including William C. Gamble. Boxes 42-51.

Ward family material. Henry Augustus Ward. His sons Charles H. Ward and Henry L. Ward and grandson Roswell H. Ward, boxes 52-54.

Access
The WARD'S NATURAL SCIENCE ESTABLISHMENT PAPERS is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], WARD'S NATURAL SCIENCE ESTABLISHMENT PAPERS, D.231, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
Henry A. Ward Papers : Henry founded Ward's Natural Science Establishment in 1862. This collection contains correspondence, catalogs, bulletins, and numerous photographs of the Establishment and its products.

Roswell H. Ward Papers : Roswell was Charles' son and Henry's grandson who donated the Henry A. Ward Papers to the University. He was the biographer of his grandfather.

Ward (Frank Hawley) Family Papers : Hawley, as he was known, was the son of Frank A. Ward (cousin to Henry A. Ward). Hawley was the Vice-President of Ward's Natural Science Establishment under his father , and later was Chairman of the Board during the early Dean L. Gamble years.

Henry L. Ward Papers : Henry L. was Henry A.'s other son who was the director of the Milwaukee Public Museum and natural scientist in his own right.

Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers (1876-1988): This collection continues the history of Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, New York, as started in the Henry Augustus Ward Papers. The collection was donated by William C. Gamble, president of the firm between 1962 and 1980. The Ward's Addition is a continuation of this original Ward's collection.

Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers, Addition : This collection continues the history of Ward's Natural Science Establishment as started in the Henry Augustus Ward Papers (call number A.W23) and continued in the Ward's Natural Science Establishment Papers (call number D.231). While the first collection of the Establishment (D.231) concentrates on the history of Ward's from the 1950s through the 1980s, covering mostly the financial and business aspects of the company, particularly from the time when William C. Gamble was president of Ward's (1962 through 1980), this newest addition to the collection, while smaller in volume, is much broader in scope. It encompasses the history of Ward's from its earliest beginnings with Henry A. Ward in 1862 through the sale of the company in 1998. It also includes many historical materials on the extended Henry A. Ward Family.

Ward's Natural Science Establishment Catalog Collection . This collection consists of approximately 200 catalogs published by Ward's between 1863 and 1993. The catalogs describe the items that Ward's had available for sale including skeletons, mounted birds and animals, geological specimens, fossils, meteorites, scientific equipment, and models.

University of Rochester Archives, Public Relations File on Ward's. No call number. This file is crucial to understanding the circumstances surrounding the 1928 donation of the Establishment to the University, and the shift in emphasis led by Dean Gamble.


Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL:

Finding aid publication date: 1876-1988
Content List
Box 1.
Historical Material.
Folder:
1. Correspondence: William C. Gamble and Karl Kabelac, 1980-1990.
2. Historical: Pre-1900 Ward's.
3. Historical: Pre-1900 Ward's.
4. Letter: Sherman Bishop to Dean L. Gamble, 1930.
5. Map of Ward's Irondequoit Property, 1949.
6. Historical material on Ward's to 1960.
7. Historical material of operations, 1940s.
8. Correspondence: William C. Gamble to H. W. Kellick, 1951.
9. William C. Gamble, "The Role of the Biologist in Biological Supply Houses" ca. 1965.
10. Maps of Casco Bay, Maine. Dogfish site.
11. Articles about Ward's, 1951, 1981.
12. Newspaper clippings, 1960s-1970s.
13. William C. Gamble, "The Production of Audio-Visual Products at Ward's," ca. 1975. Typescript 13p.
14. Articles about the Schmitt box.
15. "Phineas T. Barnum's Changing Beast," Natural History, February 1973.
16. Dean L. Gamble, "The Old Red Barn." Typescript 2p. Photographs.
Box 2
Dean L. Gamble. Writings.
Folder Folder:
1. Dean L. Gamble, "The Morphology of the Ribs and Transverse Processes in Necturus Maculatus," 1922.
2. Dean L. Gamble, "My Forty Years With Ward's." Photocopy.
3. Dean L. Gamble, "My Forty Years With Ward's." Original, Part 1.
4. Dean L. Gamble, "My Forty Years With Ward's." Original, Part 2.
5. Dean L. Gamble, "My Forty Years With Ward's." Original, Part 3.
6. Dean L. Gamble, "My Forty Years With Ward's." Original, Part 4.
Box 3
Miscellaneous.
Folder:
1. Ward's Corporate Seal in Embossing Device.
2. Ward's Corporate Seal (2).
Box 4
Business Files. Planning to 1960.
Folder:
1. Sales Information to 1953.
2. Executive Committee Minutes, 1948-49.
3. Plocar Management Consultants Study, 1948.
4. Quote Analysis, 1952-56.
5. Standard Practice Bulletins, 1952.
6. William C. Gamble's duties, 1954-55.
7. Sales Plans, 1953.
8. Supplier's Lists, ca. 1955.
9. Slide Department Reports, 1954-6.
10. Department Reports, 1958-60.
11. Monthly Reports, 1958-60.
12. Department Planning, 1958-60.
13. Biology Division Reports, 1958-1962.
14. Biology Division Planning, 1958-60.
Box 5
Business Files. Department Planning, 1958-74.
Folder:
1. Biology Division Planning, 1960.
2. Geology Division Report, 1959-60.
3. Slide Department Planning, 1958-60.
4. Equipment Division, 1958-60.
5. Purchasing Department, 1958-60.
6. Sales Information, 1960.
7. Department Plans for 1959-60.
8. Non-Rochester Operations, 1960.
9. General Department Reports, 1963.
10. Compter Consultant Proposal, 1963.
11. General Department Reports, 1964.
12. Planning Sessions, 1965 Management Conference.
13. California Operations, 1968.
14. General Planning, 1969-70.
15. Compter Consultant Proposal, 1969.
16. Geology Division Report, 1969.
17. Science Division, 1960s and 1970s.
18. Microscope Slide Department Reports, 1960s-1974.
Box 6
Executive Committee Reports, 1950-1969.
Folder:
1. Executive Committee Reports, March to May, 1950.
2. Executive Committee Reports, 1962-3.
3. Executive Committee Reports, January-June 1964.
4. Executive Committee Reports, July December 1963.
5. Executive Committee Minutes, 1968.
6. Executive Committee Minutes, 1969.
7. Executive Committee Minutes, 1970.
8. Executive Advisory Group, 1967.
Box 7
Executive Committee Reports, January 1965 to February 1969.
Folder:
1. Bound Volume.
Box 8
Financial Reports. 1950-1980.
Folder:
1. Financial Information, 1951-1958.
2. Profitability Issues, 1953.
3. Accounts Payable Report, circa 1953.
4. Appraisal of Property, 1955.
5. Financial Needs, 1958.
6. Key man Business Insurance, 1956.
7. Key man Business Insurance, 1958.
8. Financial Statements, 1962-62.
9. Financial Statements, 1963-65.
10. Financial Statements, 1966.
11. Financial Statements, 1966-67.
12. Financial Statements, 1968-69.
13. Financial Statements, 1970.
14. Ward's Development, 1964.
15. Capital Appropriations, 1973-75.
16. Preliminary Comparative Sales, Year-to-Date 1972.
17. Comparative Sales Expense, 1968-1972.
18. Comparative Income, 1969-1973.
19. Income Statements, 1974-75.
20. Mineral Sales Projections, 1973.
21. Product Line Profit and Loss, 1974.
22. Budget Forecast, 1974.
23. Product Line Profit and Loss, 1979.
24. Financial Statements, August 1980.
Box 9
Business Files, 1970s.
Folder:
1. Publicity Program, 1970.
2. Corporate Plan, 1971.
3. Location of Minerals, ca. 1973.
4. Tissue Procurement, 1973.
5. Slide Department Plan, 1973.
6. Acrylics Report, 1973.
7. Osteology, 1973.
8. Geology, 1974.
9. Mineral List Requests, 1974.
10. Science Division Organization, 1974.
11. Ingram-Ward Machine Line, 1974.
12. Thin-Section Slide Department, 1973-75.
13. Business Plan, 1978.
14. Organization Chart, n.d.
15. Organization Chart, 1980.
Box 10
Employee Affairs, 1960s.
Folder:
1. Job Descriptions, pre-1962.
2. Job Descriptions and Corporate Organization, 1962.
3. M-Bex, 1962.
4. Employee manuals, 1960s.
5. Introduction to Ward's, ca. 1965.
6. Salaries and Rates, 1965-67.
7. Personnel manual, 1966.
8. Employee Training, 1968.
9. Wardite, 1969-70. Company Newsletter.
10. Tom Forrester, Personnel Director, 1965-67.
11. Earl A. Tieppo, 1962-66.
12. New York State Department of Labor, Bureau of Standards and Appeals, 1965.
13. Wage Freeze, 1971.
14. Company Survey, 1971.
15. Survey Results.
16. KDI Insurance, 1972.
17. Employee News, 1972.
18. Union File, 1972, Part 1.
19. Union File, 1972, Part 2.
20. OSHA, 1972.
Box 11
Employee Affairs, 1970s. Miscellaneous 1970s. Data Processing Program, 1972-75.
Folder:
1. Geology Division Meeting, 1972.
2. Pension Program, 1972.
3. U.S. Department of Labor, 1973.
4. Employee Handbook, 1974.
5. Wage Scales, 1970s.
6. Insider, 1970s-80s. Company Newsletter.
7. Plastic Embedment Survey, 1972.
8. Science Committee, 1972.
9. Abercrombie-Fitch, 1970.
10. Data Processing system proposals.
11. Data Processing feasibility, 1971.
12. Data Processing Report, 1972.
13. Data Processing Problems, 1972.
14. Cooper and Lybrand's 1972 Audit.
15. Data Processing Report, April 1973.
16. Monthly Data Processing Reports, 1973.
17. Data Processing Procedures, 1973.
18. Data Processing Report, May 1973.
19. First Computer Run, 1972.
20. Data Processing Reports, 1975.
Box 12
Daybooks.
Folder Folder:
1. Dave Jensen, 1962.
2. Jack Hosking, 1962.
3. John O'Connor, 1962.
4. Henry Gresham, 1963.
5. David Jensen, 1963.
Box 13
Files of Individuals.
Folder Folder:
1. Paul Baker, 1978.
2. Henry Barbeau, 1968-1980.
3. Shirley Davey, 1963.
4. Dr. Gustav Garay, 1968-1974.
5. Henry L. Gresham, 1957.
6. Paul Horn, 1977-78.
7. John T. O'Connor, 1966-1973.
8. John T. O'Connor, 1970s.
9. Jack C. Hosking, 1950s-1960s.
10. Jack C. Hosking, 1970s.
11. Greg Miller, 1973.
12. Robert Quigley, 1974-75.
13. Timothy Westbrook, 1960s.
14. Timothy Westbrook, 1970s.
Box 14
Other Personnel Materials.
Folder Folder:
1. William C. Gamble Intercessions, 1960s.
2. Psychological Profiles, 1969-70.
3. John Hildt, 1969.
4. KDI Management Inventory, 1971.
5. Management Appraisals, 1974.
Box 15
David E. Jensen.
Folder Folder:
1. Biographical Notes.
2. Curriculum Vitae.
3. Correspondence: 1975-79.
4. Correspondence: Retirement, 1974.
5. Retirement, 1974.
6. Retirement Letters to Jensen, 1974.
7. Travel Reports, 1965-70.
8. Travel Reports, 1971-74.
9. Travel Reports, 1975-78.
10. Jensen letters to Kay Wilson, added April 1995.
Box 16
Ward's Centennial, 1962.
Folder Folder:
1. Photographs and newspaper clippings.
2. Guests.
3. Marketing.
4. Speeches and press releases.
5. Correspondence.
Box 17
William C. Gamble Punchbook, 1964-65.
Folder Folder:
1. January-March, 1964.
2. April-June, 1964.
3. June-August, 1964.
4. September-October, 1964.
5. November-December, 1964.
6. January-March, 1965.
7. April-June, 1965.
8. July-September, 1965.
Box 18
William C. Gamble Punchbook, 1965-67.
Folder Folder:
1. October-December, 1965.
2. October, 1965.
3. November, 1965.
4. January-February, 1966.
5. February-March, 1966.
6. April-June, 1966.
7. July-August, 1966.
8. October-December, 1966.
9. January-March, 1967.
Box 19
William C. Gamble Punchbook, 1967-69.
Folder Folder:
1. April-June, 1967.
2. July-September, 1967.
3. October-December, 1967.
4. January-February, 1968.
5. March-April, 1968.
6. May-July, 1968.
7. August-October, 1968.
8. November-December, 1968.
9. January-March, 1969.
10. April-June, 1969.
11. July-September, 1969.
12. October-December, 1969.
Box 20
William C. Gamble Punchbook, 1970-71, 1980.
Folder Folder:
1. January-August, 1970.
2. October-December, 1970.
3. January-June, 1971.
4. July-September, 1971.
5. October-December, 1971.
6. January-May, 1980.
7. June-October, 1980.
Box 21
KDI President's Reports.
Folder Folder:
1. Whole Year 1975.
2. January-April, 1976.
3. May-August, 1976.
4. September-December, 1976.
5. January-April, 1977
6. May-August, 1977.
7. September-December, 1977.
8. January-April, 1978.
9. May-August, 1978.
10. September-December, 1978.
11. January-April, 1979.
12. May-August, 1979.
13. September-December, 1979.
14. January-March, 1980.
15. April-August, 1980.
Box 22
Expansion and Other Business Files.
Folder Folder:
1. Expansion, 1960.
2. Miscellaneous, 1962.
3. Gearard Report, 1962.
4. Homestead Issue, 1963.
5. Western New York Animal Resources, 1963.
6. Dean L. Gamble Approval Requests, 1965. Pittsford Expansion.
7. Human Relations, 1966.
8. Management Conference, 1965.
9. Executive Compensation, 1963-66.
10. Executive Wages, 1973.
11. Management Compensation, 1977.
12. American Institute of Biological Sciences, 1960s.
13. California Operations, 1965-66.
Box 23
Correspondence: William C. Gamble and Dean L. Gamble, 1962-1966.
Folder Folder:
1. January-March, 1962.
2. April-June, 1962.
3. July-September, 1962.
4. October-December, 1962.
5. January-March, 1963.
6. April-June, 1963.
7. July-December, 1963.
8. January-April, 1964.
9. May-December, 1964.
10. 1965-66.
Box 24
General Correspondence: 1959-1968.
Folder Folder:
1. 1959-63.
2. "Historical File" Correspondence: 1960-7.
3. "Historical File" Correspondence: 1963.
4. 1964.
5. 1965.
6. 1966.
7. 1967.
8. 1968.
9. January-May, 1969.
Box 25
General Correspondence: 1969-70.
Folder Folder:
1. June-December, 1969.
2. January-April, 1970.
3. May-December, 1970.
4. January-March, 1971.
5. April-June, 1971.
6. July-September, 1971.
7. October-December, 1971.
8. "Hold" Correspondence: October, 1970-June, 1971.
Box 26
General Correspondence: 1972-1980.
Folder Folder:
1. 1970-78. Miscellaneous.
2. January-July, 1980.
3. August-October, 1980.
4. 1973-4.
5. 1975.
6. 1976.
7. 1977.
8. 1978.
9. 1979-80.
10. Customer Service Correspondence: 1972.
11. Customer Service Correspondence: 1973.
12. Customer Service Correspondence: 1974.
13. Customer Service Correspondence: 1975.
14. Customer Service Correspondence: 1976.
15. Customer Service Correspondence: 1978.
16. Customer Service Correspondence: 1979.
17. Customer Service Correspondence: 1980.
Box 27
KDI Corporation Correspondence, 1970-1980.
Folder Folder:
1. Executive Salaries.
2. Correspondence: V.J. Camardo, 1972-75.
3. Correspondence: V.J. Camardo, 1976-77.
4. Correspondence: V.J. Camardo, 1978-80.
5. Action Without A Board Meeting, 1973.
6. Action Without A Board Meeting, 1974-78.
7. Action Without A Board Meeting, 1979.
8. Action Without A Board Meeting, 1980.
9. Correspondence: KDI. 1970-1980. General.
10. William C. Gamble and Louis Matthey, 1970-72.
11. William C. Gamble and Louis Matthey, 1972-74.
12. William C. Gamble and Louis Matthey, 1975-76.
13. William C. Gamble and Louis Matthey, 1977.
14. William C. Gamble and Louis Matthey, 1978.
15. William C. Gamble and Louis Matthey, 1979-80.
16. William C. Gamble and Keith Taylor, 1973-77.
Box 28
Institutional Correspondence: 1960-1980. A-F.
Folder Folder:
1. Biologists Hires, 1961-65.
2. Colleges, 1973-76.
3. Colleges, 1977.
4. Colleges, 1978.
5. Colleges, 1979-80.
6. Local Colleges, 1977-1980.
7. Kathryn Cook Collection, 1972. Disposition.
8. Kathryn Cook Collection, 1972. Disposition. Navajo Rugs.
9. Frog Correspondence, 1977-78.
Box 29
Institutional Correspondence: 1960-1980. G-Z.
Folder Folder:
1. William C. Gamble Science Achievement Award, 1975-1980.
2. High Schools, 1973-79.
3. Irondequoit Expansion, 1964.
4. Russian Correspondence, 1978-80.
5. Russian Minerals Correspondence, 1978-80.
6. Strange Letters, 1971-73.
7. Minerals Stamp Issue, 1974.
8. Preserved cat Letters, 1969.
9. Museums and Zoos, 1975-80.
Box 30
Named Correspondence: A-H.
Folder Folder:
1. Amazjuvelirex Export Co., 1980.
2. Ankh Museum, 1972-73.
3. Clifford J. Awald, 1971-78.
4. Stanley Blake, Drew Universty, 1971-75.
5. Bel-Art, 1978.
6. Bergen Labs, 1975.
7. Biological Supply Company, 1974.
8. Robert Bitgood, 1974.
9. Bobbitt Labs, 1973-80.
10. Judy Brown, 1978-79.
11. Roger Carras, 1977-79.
12. Chem-Ed Corp., 1971-73.
13. Central Scientific Co., 1976-1980.
14. College Biological, 1977.
15. Bryan Cooper, 1962-64.
16. Corpus Christi Laboratory Science Materials, 1969.17. Dynalon, 1977-80.
17. Educational and Scientific Plastic. 1978-80.
18. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, 1978-80.
19. Fowler-Ward, 1969.
20. Helen Hand, 1975-76.
21. Thom Haydell, 1976-79.
22. Rep. Frank Horton, 1972-79.
23. Clinton Hutto, 1971-72.
Box 31
Named Correspondence: J-R.
Folder Folder:
1. New World Jade Products, 1973.
2. Kamehana Schools, 1965-69.
3. Learning Technology Incorporated, 1970-79.
4. John Littleford, 1959.
5. Merrell Scientific, 1973.
6. Mote Marine Laboratory, 1972-78.
7. Mote Marine Laboratory Newsletter, 1974-79.
8. James Moulton, 1970s.
9. Benon Nercessian, 1972-1980.
10. Norstedts, 1970s.
11. Paleontological Research institute, 1972.
12. Hal B. Parks, 1962.
13. Dr. Rose Parks, 1971-73.
14. Redco Scientific, 1976.
15. Jim Renko, 1971.
16. Rochester Business Institute, 1963.
17. Dr. Ross, Core Biological, 1978.
18. Adam Rouilly, 1971-72.
Box 32
Named Correspondence: S-Z. Sanker Sen Correspondence.
Folder Folder:
1. Doris Schmidt, 1956.
2. Harvey Segal, 1961-63, 1978.
3. Lee Stackhouse, 1972-80.
4. Karl Stolte, 1972-73.
5. Robert G. Swan, 1962.
6. Aris P. Turinge, 1979-80.
7. Woodlands Biological Laboratory, 1948-51.
8. William C. Gamble to Karl Kabelac, 6 June 1985.
9. Reknas, Ltd., Catalogs.
10. Correspondence: Sanker Sen and William C. Gamble, 1960s.
11. Correspondence: Sanker Sen and William C. Gamble, 1971-75.
12. Correspondence: Sanker Sen and William C. Gamble, 1976-77.
13. Correspondence: Sanker Sen and William C. Gamble, 1978-80, 1985.
Box 33
Correspondence: John M. Youngpeter, 1961-1980.
Folder Folder:
1. Correspondence: 1961-69.
2. Correspondence: 1968-72.
3. Correspondence: 1973.
4. Correspondence: 1974-76.
5. Correspondence: 1976-77.
6. Correspondence: 1978-79.
7. Correspondence: 1980.
Box 34
Curriculum Aids Project. 1961-ca. 1975. Other educational publications.
Folder Folder:
1. Curriculum Aid Planning, 1961.
2. Curriculum Aid leaflets, 1962.
3. Curriculum Aid folder, 1962.
4. Curriculum Aid 1, 1962.
5. Curriculum Aid 1, Planning, 1961.
6. Curriculum Aid 2, 1962.
7. Curriculum Aid 3, 1962 and later editions.
8. Curriculum Aid 4, 1962.
9. Curriculum Aid 4, Planning, 1961.
10. Curriculum Aid 5, 1962 and later editions.
11. Curriculum Aid 6, 1962.
12. Curriculum Aid: The Living Animal Cell, n.d.
13. Curriculum Aid: How to Use Injection Materials, 1966.
14. Curriculum Aid: How to Prepare Skeletons, n.d.
15. Curriculum Aid: Ready Reference Laboratory Guide, n.d.
16. Curriculum Aid: How to Lead a Field Trip, n.d.
17. New York State Museum and Science Service, "Introduction to Vertebrate Fossils, 1966.
18. Justus Mueller, Development of the Frog, 1949.
19. The Student's Collection of Minerals.
20. Teacher's Guide: Grand Canyon Model Kit, 1966.
21. Basic Earth Science Catalog, 1966.
22. Question Print Set: Classifying and Natural History, n.d.
Box 35
Educational Materials.
Folder Folder:
1. Earth Science Games for Elementary Schools, 1967.
2. Animal Kingdom Outline, 1967.
3. Culture Leaflets, n.d.
4. Distribution Center Flyers, 1966.
5. Elementary Science Workshop Notes, 1963-66.
6. Study Guide: The Living Cell, 1970.
7. Magnimount, ca. 1964.
8. Specialty Newsletters, 1962-1973.
9. Entomological Supplies, ca. 1965.
10. Teacher's Workshop Bulletin, ca. 1965.
11. Lesson Pak, ca. 1966.
12. General Biological Supply, Turtox Service Leaflets, 1958-59, Part 1.
13. General Biological Supply, Turtox Service Leaflets, 1958-59, Part 2.
14. Ward's Bulletin, 1974-75.
15. Heymann, Marita. "Golgi Silver Impregnation of Neurons in Cerebrum and Cerebellum"
16. Directions, Science Activities, Fall 1984, 1985.
Box 36
Dyna-Vue and Other Educational Efforts. Educational Correspondence.
Folder Folder:
1. Dyna-Vue Planning, 1963, Part 1.
2. Dyna-Vue Planning, 1963, Part 2.
3. Dyna-Vue Sales History, 1964-73.
4. X-Ray Phantom Development, 1963.
5. Elementary Science Conference, 1965.
6. High School Co-op Program, 1967.
7. Educational Materials Production Council, Audio-Visual Survey, 1971.
8. Filmstrip: Man In the Biosphere, 1971.
9. Business Agreement, Dr. Robert L. Gering, 1971.
10. Chemistry Solo-Learn and Dyna-Vue, 1971.
11. College Chemistry Proposal, 1972.
12. Venereal Disease Proposal, 1972.
13. Correspondence: Benson and Benson, 1971-72.
14. Benson and Benson Survey, 1973, Part 1.
15. Benson and Benson Survey, 1973, Part 2.
16. Education Materials Production Council, Audio-Visual Survey, 1973.
17. Education Materials and Ward's News, 1979.
18. Cleveland Public Schools Study Sheets, n.d.
Box 37
Catalogs, 1960s-1970s.
Folder Folder:
1. Ward's Mineral Catalog, 1878. Photocopy.
2. Catalog Photographs, ca. 1960.
3. Todd Harris Survey, 1961.
4. New Ward's Bulletin, 1962.
5. BSCS Check List/Order Booklet 1964
6. Flyer for Elementary Education, 1966.
7. The Whale Mobile, 1967.
8. Treasures from the Earth's Crust, 1970.
9. Modern Learning Aids -Catalog 1971
10. Solo-Learn, 1971.
11. Geology Newsletter, 1973.
Box 38
Merger and Stockholder Information, 1962-1970.
Folder Folder:
1. Legal Agreements, 1940s.
2. Stock Information, 1962-65.
3. Stock Information, 1966-69.
4. Ward's Bylaws, 1965.
5. Stock Bonus Plan, 1960s.
6. Reports to Stockholders, 1963-1969.
7. List of Stockholders, 1970.
8. Shareholder Meetings and Minutes, 1964-69.
9. Correspondence: Fisher Scientific, 1967.
10. Correspondence: Litton Industries, 1969.
Box 39
KDI Corporation Files.
Folder Folder:
1. KDI Treasurer's File, 1968-73.
2. KDI Treasurer's File, 1970.
3. KDI Treasurer's File, 1972-75.
4. Correspondence: Treasurer, 1971.
5. Correspondence: Treasurer, 1972.
6. Correspondence: Treasurer, 1973-75.
7. Legal Documents, Sale of Ward's to Science Kit, Inc., 1980.
Box 40
KDI Corporation History.
Folder Folder:
1. KDI History, 1960s-70s. William C. Gamble's Comment on Merger of Ward's and KDI, n.d.
2. KDI Corp. Annual Reports, 1982,1984, 1985.
3. KDI Newsletter, 1976-80.
4. Wall Street Journal, 19 August 1975. Story on KDI.
5. KDI Stockholder and Annual Reports, 1973-80.
6. KDI Subsidiary Guide, 1985.
7. KDI Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-K, 1985.
8. Pin commemorating KDI's Listing on the New York Stock Exchange, 1981.
Box 41
Photographs and Ephemera.
Folder Folder:
1. Photos, 1950s-1970s. Mostly Dean L. Gamble and Carolyn Gamble.
2. Photos, 1960s-1970s. Ward's staff, Gamble family, aerial of Rochester Museum and Science Center.
3. Mrs. Hawley Ward, n.d.
4. Photos of Ward's Irondequoit property.
5. Company Photos, 1960s.
6. Photo: David E. Jensen, 1974.
7. Photo: William C. Gamble, 1975, 1980.
8. Photo: John McCauley, n.d.
9. Ephemera. Business Cards, Letterhead stationery.
Box 42
Gamble Family Materials.
Folder Folder:
1. Dean L. Gamble and Carolyn Gamble Employment Agreements, 1965.
2. Dean L. Gamble retirement, 1977.
3. Letter. William C. Gamble to Karl Kabelac 19 June 1985.
4. Correspondence: William C. Gamble to family, 1968-70.
5. Correspondence: Dean L. Gamble and William C. Gamble, 1972-73.
6. Correspondence: Dean L. Gamble and Carthage College.
7. Correspondence: Gamble Family 1973.
8. Correspondence: Gamble Family 1974.
9. Correspondence: Gamble Family 1975.
10. Correspondence: Gamble Family 1976.
11. Correspondence: Gamble Family 1977.
12. Correspondence: Gamble Family 1978-80.
13. Correspondence: William C. Gamble and Jane Gamble Stabler, 1962-66.
14. Dean L. Gamble, death, 1981.
15. William C. Gamble memoir of Samuel D. Saiken, 1960s.
Box 43
William C. Gamble Personal Papers.
Folder Folder:
1. Speech materials, 1970s-1980s. Includes historical material.
2. Oil Leases, 1963-5.
3. Oil Leases, 1970s.
4. KDI Highlights, 1981-86.
5. Newspaper clippings regarding Gamble v. KDI, 1986.
6. Gamble v. KDI, 1988.
7. KDI Stock Certificates.
8. KDI Stock Gifts.
9. William C. Gamble's sales of KDI Stock, 1970s-1980s.
10. William C. Gamble Employment Contracts 1965-1980.
11. William C. Gamble's Ward's pension, 1984.
12. William C. Gamble Personal History. Penfield School Board and Ward's.
Box 44
William C. Gamble Personal Materials.
Folder Folder:
1. William C. Gamble Personal: Thirtieth Anniversary at Ward's, Travel.
2. William C. Gamble Personal: Newspaper Clippings, Travel, Civic Activities, Friends.
3. Photograph: William C. Gamble and Dean L. Gamble, 1975.
4. William C. Gamble Twenty-fifth Anniversary Celebration Plans, 1975.
5. William C. Gamble Twenty-fifth Anniversary Celebration Plans, 1975.
6. William C. Gamble Notes on his twenty-fifth anniversary at Ward's.
7. Transfer of Ward's to Science Kit, Inc., 1980.
8. William C. Gamble Honorary Degree from Rochester Business Institute, 1964.
9. Gamble Family History.
Box 45
William C. Gamble Papers.
Folder Folder:
1. Correspondence: Pensee de Darwin, 1960s.
2. William C. Gamble Personal Notes and Cards, 1960s.
3. William C. Gamble Business diary, 1963.
4. Correspondence: William C. Gamble and Ward's 1980-86.
5. Correspondence: William C. Gamble and Ward's 1981-86.
6. Correspondence: William C. Gamble Personal, 1981.
7. Correspondence: William C. Gamble Personal, 1982.
8. Correspondence: William C. Gamble Personal, 1983.
9. Correspondence: William C. Gamble Personal, 1984.
10. Correspondence: William C. Gamble Personal, 1985.
11. Correspondence: William C. Gamble Personal, 1986.
Box 46
William C. Gamble Papers.
Folder Folder:
1. Personal Notes, 1972-74.
2. Personal Notes, 1981.
3. Correspondence: Lou and Muriel Beuschlein.
4. Personal Messages, Cards, 1975-80.
5. Personal Messages, Cards and Letters, 1975-80.
6. Diary, 1951-52.
7. Boughton Hill, Victor, New York, 1960s. Iroquois Indian Site.
Box 47
Daybooks.
Folder Folder:
1. William C. Gamble, 1962.
2. William C. Gamble, 1974.
3. William C. Gamble, 1979.
4. William C. Gamble, 1980.
Box 48
Photo Albums. Ward's and Gamble family.
Folder Folder:
1. Photo Album circa 1963.
2. Photo Album circa 1963.
Box 49
Scrapbooks.
Folder Folder:
1. Scrapbook: ca. 1950.
2. Scrapbook: ca. 1950.
Box 50
Scrapbooks.
Folder Folder:
1. Photo: Elizabeth Pearsall, n.d.
2. Scrapbook: ca. 1900.
3. Scrapbook: ca. 1965.
4. Scrapbook: 1971-73.
Box 51
Robert Dinse File. RESTRICTED.
Folder Folder:
1. 1974.
2. 1975-78.
3. 1980.
Box 52
Henry A. Ward Material
Folder Folder:
1. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward and P.T. Barnum, 1885-1886. Original.
2. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward and P.T. Barnum, 1885-86. Photocopies.
3. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward and P.T. Barnum, 1885-86. Photographs and Photocopies.
4. Bill: Henry A. Ward to P.T. Barnum, 20 August 1886.
5. Henry A. Ward Correspondence with the British Museum, 1863-1886. Photocopies.
6. Correspondence: J.B. Ward to H.A. Ward, 1867; Joseph Henry to H.A. Ward, 1866.
7. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1876. Also contains note with dates of correspondence in the following folders. Name of compiler unknown; Roswell Ward assumed.
8. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1885.
9. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1886.
10. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1887.
11. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1888.
12. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1889.
13. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward to Edwin E. Howell, 1890,1892.
14. Correspondence: Henry A. Ward or Edwin E. Howell to George Kunz, 1882- 1891.
15. Correspondence: Frank H. Ward to George Kunz, 1930 (2).
16. Bill: Henry A. Ward to the American Museum of Natural History, 1885.
17. Mourning Card for Jumbo, 1885.
18. Columbian Exhibition Medal to Henry A. Ward, 1893.
19. Photograph: Henry A. Ward's Tombstone in Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester. With comment by Dean L. Gamble.
20. W.T. Hornaday, "The King of the Museum Builders," 1896.
21. Printed Obituary: William Morton Wheeler, 1937.
22. Correspondence: Ward's and the Bishop Museum, 1899-1902.
Box 52
Charles H. Ward Material
Folder Folder:
23. Correspondence: 1900-1904, n.d.
24. Charles H. Ward, "Directions for Mounting a Human Skull," n.d. Manuscript.
25. Typescript of item in folder 23.
26. Photograph: Charles H. Ward and human skeleton, n.d.
27. Catalog: "Medical Students Price List of Human Skeletons," n.d.
28. Charles H. Ward,"The Birth of an Anatomical Laboratory," Manuscript and typescript, n.d.
29. Charles H. Ward, "The Hidden Inscription," typescript, n.d. "The Homecoming of Dr. Jackson," typescript, n.d.
30. Letter about Charles H. Ward. 1978.
Box 53
Roswell H. Ward Material.
Folder Folder:
1. Correspondence: Roswell Ward and Charles H. Ward, 1930s-1940s.
2. Roswell H. Ward, "The Air Service Technical Museum," The Slipstream, 1924.
3. Roswell H. Ward, "Mammoths and Meteors," 1933. Newspaper copy.
4. Photocopy of item in folder 3.
5. Newspaper Obituary of Roswell H. Ward, 1966.
Box 53
Henry L. Ward Material.
Folder Folder:
6. Correspondence: 1888-1937.
Box 54
Folder:
1. Historical (1).
2. Cubic Zirconia Sales, 1980 (9).
3. Correspondence: WC Gamble and DL Gamble, 1955 (23).
4. Correspondence: WC Gamble and DL Gamble, 1957-61 (23).
5. Correspondence: WC Gamble and DL Gamble, 1966-70 (23).
6. Correspondence: WC Gamble and DL Gamble, 1971-73 (23).
7. Correspondence: "Funny" Letters, 1970s (26).
8. Correspondence: Toyonobu Ikeda, 1970s (30).
9. Correspondence: Rochester Museum and Science Center, 1970s (31).
10. Merger Discussions, 1960s (38).
11. KDI Incentive Plan, 1970s (39).
Box 55.
Folder:
1. KDI Corporate Development, 1980s (40).
2. WC Gamble Articles, 1970s (43).
3. Travel. London and Germany, 1970s (46).
4. Travel. Moscow, 1979 (46).
5. Travel. Tehran, Iran, 1975 (46).
6. WC Gamble Personal Papers, 1940s-1980 (46).
7. Selected Ward's catalogs compiled by Willam C. Gamble, President of Ward's, 1976-1977


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