Institute of Optics Papers

We are experiencing technical difficulties with the new University Archives interface and have made the decision to temporarily take it down while we work to resolve them.

Other Views:  Print/PDF  |  EADNote: You may browse using the navigation on the left, or use Ctrl-F to search within this finding aid.

Institute of Optics papers
Creator: University of Rochester. Institute of Optics
Call Number: UA23
Dates: 1943-2018
Physical Description: 1.96 Cubic feet
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: University of Rochester Archives

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Separated Materials
Content List
Series I: History
Series II: Photographs
Series III: Faculty/Staff
Series IV: Publications and publicity
Series V: Industrial Associates Program
Series VI: Summer course brochures
Collection Overview
Title: Institute of Optics papers
Creator: University of Rochester. Institute of Optics
Call Number: UA23
Dates: 1943-2018
Physical Description: 1.96 Cubic feet
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: University of Rochester Archives

Biographical/Historical Note
Following a decade of discussions among the Optical Society of America, President Rush Rhees, Bausch & Lomb, and Eastman Kodak about the development of a site for the study of optics, the Institute of Applied Optics at the University of Rochester opened in 1929. T. Russell Wilkins was the first acting director, and among the early faculty members were Rudolf Kingslake, A.M. Taylor, Ernst Petry, and Gustave Fassin. Until 1936, the Institute included an optometry program. In 1939, the name of the Institute of Applied Optics (which suggested a focus on the application of optical concepts) was changed to the Institute of Optics in order to accommodate more topics of study.

From 1940 to 1953, the Institute was involved in various research projects, including the theodolite telescope and high-speed streak camera experiments during World War II. In 1955, the University acquired its first computer, an important asset to the Institute. In the following years, the newsletter entitled the Institute of Optics News (which later became Image) was founded, and the Institute began providing summer school opportunities. In 1961, the Institute of Optics became one of the engineering branches under the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The Center for Visual Science, involving collaboration between Institute faculty and other departments, was founded in 1963. The field of optics and the Institute gained heightened attention in the 1960s with the invention of the laser. In 1963, the Institute held a Laser Road Show, in which Institute faculty gave traveling lectures about lasers. In the 1970s, the Institute introduced an Industrial Associates Program, inviting representatives from optics companies to the Institute to visit and meet with students and faculty. In 1976, the Laboratory for Laser Energetics was built to house the Laser Fusion Feasibility Project, which relied on research by Institute of Optics faculty and students. The same year, the Institute moved from Bausch & Lomb Hall to the Space Science Center (later named the Wilmot Building) to allow for more space. In March 2007, Goergen Hall was built and connected to Wilmot to house laboratories, faculty offices, and classrooms for the Institute and the Biomedical Engineering Department.

The directors of the Institute, organized by date of appointment, have been:

1938: Brian O'Brien

1954: Robert E. Hopkins

1965: Lewis Hyde

1968: Brian J. Thompson

1977: Nicholas George

1981: Kenneth J. Teegarden

1987: Duncan Moore

1993: Dennis Hall

2001: Wayne Knox

2011: Xi-Cheng Zhang

2017: P. Scott Carney

2021: Thomas G. Brown

Scope and Content
The Institute of Optics collection contains the following series: History, Photographs, Faculty/Staff, Publications and Publicity, the Industrial Associates Program, and Summer Course Brochures. Materials related to History include research and reports, anniversary celebration information, and correspondence about the development of the Institute. Subjects of Photographs include people, buildings, and research experiments. Among the material in the Faculty/Staff series are letters from alumni to Helen Tobin, the first secretary to the director of the Institute, celebrating her retirement. Publications and Publicity include annotated copies of newsletters, an article about Todd AO (a widescreen process for motion pictures) and Brian O'Brien, and pamphlets on graduate study at the Institute. Industrial Associates Program contents include two binders with planning material. Summer Course Brochures, which begin in 1962, contain information about the various continuing-education courses offered by the Institute.

New York (State)--Rochester
University of Rochester. Institute of Optics
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Materials transferred by Professor Carlos Stroud beginning in May 2005. Summer Course Brochures transferred by Gina Kern on December 20, 2018.Access
For access to this collection, please contact the University of Rochester Archives ( at least two business days prior to your planned visit.

Please note: Some materials may be restricted or require permission for use.

To request reproductions or permission to publish materials from the collection, please contact the University of Rochester Archives ( Researchers may be responsible for determining any copyright questions.

[Item title, item date], Institute of Optics papers, UA23, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
Institute of Applied Optics Papers, UA200

Institute of Optics: "Amontillado's Arcanum," UA25

Institute of Optics: John Cushing Evans Papers, UA26

Institute of Optics: Lens Design Historical Materials, UA17

Brian O'Brien Papers, D.340

Kingslake Papers, D.333

Separated Materials
A photograph of Brian O'Brien has been separated from the collection and is located in the University Photographs Collection.

Issues of the Institute of Optics Newsletter (ION) and Image are available as cataloged materials.

A Jewel in the Crown. Ed. Carlos R. Stroud. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2004.

Kingslake, Hilda G. "Institute of Optics 1929-1979, a Brief Commemorative." Applied Optics 18.19 (1979), pages 3223-3229. Accessed 29 March 2018.

Hopkins, Robert. Interview by Joan Bromberg and Emil Wolf. "Oral History Interviews." American Institute of Physics, 23 September 1984. Accessed 2 April 2018.

May, Arthur J. "The Changing College." A History of the University of Rochester, 1850-1962. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester, 1977. Accessed 29 March 2018.

"University of Rochester Dedicates Goergen Hall." University of Rochester Newscenter. University of Rochester, 16 May 2007. Accessed 28 March 2018.

Administrative Information
Author: Ava Hurlock (Class of 2018)
Publisher: University of Rochester Archives
Address: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation
River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
500 Joseph C. Wilson Blvd.
Rochester, New York 14627-0055

Finding aid publication date: April 2018
Content List
Series I: History
Box 1, Folder 1Correspondence With Eastman Kodak about Professional Courses, Development of the Institute of Optics, and the Relationship Between the University and Industry, 1943-1945
Correspondents include C.E.K. Mees, Thomas J. Hargrave, and University of Rochester President Alan Valentine.

Box 1, Folder 2University of Rochester and Institute of Optics Research and Reports, August 15, 1943; August 21, 1946; undated
Box 1, Folder 3-4Institute of Optics Correspondence, Budgets, and Reports, 1947-1958
Includes material related to the formation of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, the integration of the Institute into the College of Engineering and Applied Science, and the effect of this integration on the faculty.

Box 1, Folder 5"A History of the Institute of Optics," by Rudolf and Hilda Kingslake, Applied Optics, April 1970
Box 1, Folder 6The First Fifty Years, The Institute of Optics, 1929-1979, by Hilda G. Kingslake, 1979
Box 1, Folder 7Optics at Imperial College: The Early Years, by Gilbert E. Satterthwaite, June 6, 1997
Box 1, Folder 875th Anniversary Celebration and Celebration of the Kingslakes, 2004
Series II: Photographs
Box 2, Folder 1Bausch & Lomb Optical Company Advertisement; Photograph of Students Using an Optical Bench, 1947
Box 2, Folder 2-5Prints and Negatives: Faculty/Staff and Students
Box 2, Folder 6Group Photograph: Quantum Optics - Department of Physics, July 1970
Box 2, Folder 7Slides from 1987 Optics Alumni Reunion Scrapbook; Print of Resolution Presented to Robert Hopkins at the 1987 Alumni Reunion, 1987
Box 2, Folder 8Prints and Negatives: College of Engineering and Applied Science Class Composites, 1970, 1972-1986
Box 2, Folder 9Physics and Optics Faculty and Graduate Students, Summer 1934
Box 2, Folder 10Prints and Negatives: Robert Hopkins, Ian Walmsley, and M. Parker Givens, 2001
Box 2, Folder 11Prints and Negatives: Dennis G. Hall, 2001
Box 2, Folder 12Prints and Negatives: Ian Walmsley, 2001
Box 2, Folder 13Prints and Negatives: Gary Wicks, 2001
Flat Box 1, Folder 2Prints: Robert Hopkins, Ian Walmsley, and M. Parker Givens; M. Parker Givens and Charles Merriam; Robert Hopkins and M. Parker Givens, 2001
Series III: Faculty/Staff
Box 2, Folder 14Tribute to Helen Tobin, May-July 1972
Letters to Helen Tobin on Her Retirement, May-July 1972
Box 2, Folder 16Letters and Congratulations Cards to Helen Tobin on Her Retirement, 1972
Box 2, Folder 17Letters to Helen Tobin on Her Retirement; Letter Celebrating Her 40th Anniversary at the Institute, May-July 1972; March 31, 1970
Box 2, Folder 18Photographs of Helen Tobin With Captions; Letter From Brian J. Thompson Concerning Letters, Cards, and Photographs for Helen Tobin's Retirement, 1972, 1996
For preservation reasons, the photographs were removed from their original housing in an album in 2018.

Box 2, Folder 19Optical Society of America Annual Meeting; Robert Hopkins Recognition Dinner Invitations, 1987
Series IV: Publications and publicity
Flat Box 1, Folder 1"Mike Todd and His Big Bug-Eye," Article about Todd AO and Brian O'Brien
Brian O'Brien is pictured and mentioned on pages 142 and 144.

Box 3, Folder 1Cinerama Postcards
Box 3, Folder 2Institute of Optics Newsletter (I.O.N.) Distribution Study, 1960-1965
Box 3, Folder 3Institute of Optics Newsletter (I.O.N.) Memorandum on the Institute of Optics Becoming a Department in the College of Engineering; Annotated Copies of Institute of Optics Newsletter (I.O.N.), undated, April 1963, April 1964, Spring 1966, Winter 1968-1969
Box 3, Folder 4University Record, October 1965, February 1966
Box 3, Folder 5Annotated Copies of Institute of Optics Image News, Fall 1971, Winter 1973-1974
Box 3, Folder 6News from the Institute of Optics, November 1972-Spring 1978
Box 3, Folder 7Institute of Optics Image News, Spring 1981
Box 3, Folder 8Institute of Optics News; RIT Technical and Education Center of the Graphic Arts News; New York State Science and Technology Foundation News, 1985-1987
Box 3, Folder 9Optics: Focus on Imaging and Photonics, Spring 2004
Box 3, Folder 10Press Release: "OSA and SPIE Join Forces to Emphasize Importance of R&D Funding to Congress", May 18, 2005
Box 3, Folder 11Graduate Study at the Institute of Optics, 1968-1969, 1986-1987, 1989
Box 3, Folder 12Space Science Center Dedication and Publicity
Series V: Industrial Associates Program
Box 3, Folder 13Planning Material Binder, 1974-1975
Box 3, Folder 14Planning Material Binder, 1975-1976, 1976-1977
Series VI: Summer course brochures
Summer course brochures (1962-2018) are geared to individuals with a bachelor's degree in physics or engineering (or the equivalent experience) who are working in the field and wish to expand their knowledge of subtopics in optics. The format of the brochures changed over the years. From 1962-2008, there was a registration form attached to the brochure. From 1962-1977, the brochures listed one course. Starting in 1978, the number and variety of courses increased. Courses have included Fundamentals of Optics, Optical Design, Modern Optical Engineering, and Biomedical Optics, among others.

Box 4, Folder 11962-1969
Box 4, Folder 21970-1977
Along with summer course brochures, this file includes several brochures for seminars held in Rochester that were organized by the Optical Society of America and other organizations. Optics professors from the Institute led some of these seminars.

Box 4, Folder 31978-1987
Box 4, Folder 41988-1995
Box 4, Folder 51996-2004
Box 4, Folder 62005-2018

Other Views:  Print/PDF  |  EAD