Roycroft Hubbard Papers

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Collection Overview
Title: Roycroft-Hubbard papers
Creator: Roycroft Shop
Call Number: D.77
Dates: 1887-1965
Physical Description: 4 boxes, 1 package, 1 boxed bound volume
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation

Biographical/Historical Note
Elbert Hubbard was born in Bloomington, Illinois in 1856, the second son and third child of Silas Hubbard, a doctor. He was educated in the district school, and at the age of 16 began selling soap for his cousin Justus Weller. In 1875 Weller split the business with his partner John Larkin, and Hubbard followed Larkin to Buffalo, where he became the junior partner in the Larkin Soap Company and was responsible for introducing the system of credit and premiums used to sell products. He married Bertha Crawford in 1881, and they had three sons and one daughter. In 1884 the Hubbard family moved to East Aurora, New York. Hubbard was very successful in business, but in 1892 he decided to leave Larkin in order to write novels. He had published his first novel in 1891, which was followed by three others in 1893 and 1894. The following year he attended Harvard University as a special student for a term, then in 1894 went to England for the summer.

In England he met William Morris and was impressed by Kelmscott printing and by Morris' ideas on design. Upon his return he wrote a series of "Little Journeys" based on places he had visited during his English trip. These were published by Putnam, at the rate of one per month. In June 1895 Hubbard began to publish "The Philistine," which was issued monthly until his death in 1915. At the same time, Hubbard began to print a book, The Song of Songs, in his barn, on a handpress. By the end of 1895 he owned a print shop, where for the next 20 years he produced The Philistine, the series of 15 "Little Journeys," and about 30 individual books. The Roycroft venture expanded rapidly into a semi-communal business with an inn for paying guests, a large force of employees, and a line of products that included handcrafts, furniture, gifts and candy. A Roycrofter's Annual Convention was held every summer.

In 1899 he published in The Philistine the essay which became his best known, A Message to Garcia, and which doubled the circulation of his periodicals. Hubbard became a public figure, and began to make lecture appearances, speaking about the Roycroft Community.

About 1889 Hubbard had met Alice Moore, an East Aurora school teacher. Their daughter Miriam was born in 1894, and in 1901 Bertha Hubbard obtained a divorce. Alice Moore and Elbert Hubbard were married in 1904, and thereafter Alice Hubbard was a partner in managing the Roycroft enterprises.

In 1908 Hubbard began to publish The Fra, which was a large format monthly magazine with a roster of contributors and regular commercial advertising pages. At about this time he became more and more identified with large business interests in his writings, and the last series of "Little Journeys" was to the Homes of Great Business Men.

Elbert and Alice Hubbard were lost on board the Lusitania, May 1915. After their deaths, Elbert Hubbard II carried on the Roycroft enterprise until the Depression. The shops were sold in 1938. Elbert Hubbard II died in 1970.

Access
The Roycroft-Hubbard papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduScope and Content
The collection consists of correspondence, manuscript essays by and about Elbert Hubbard, printed ephemera relating to Roycroft enterprises and photographs and engravings of the Hubbards, Roycroft personalities, and the subjects of "Little Journeys." The correspondence is in four series. The first consists of letters from Elbert Hubbard, Alice Hubbard and Elbert Hubbard II to various people. The second series consists of 85 letters from Lyman Chandler, who was Hubbard's secretary, to Miss Florence Irvine. The letters concern events at Roycroft, visitors and residents, as well as Hubbard himself. The third series consists of 145 letters exchanged between the Hubbards and William Morris Delsher of Reading, Pennsylvania. Delsher was an insurance agent who admired Hubbard. He arranged two speaking engagements in Reading for him. The final series consists of correspondence between George Ferrell of Liberty, Missouri, a Hubbard collector and admirer, and Elbert Hubbard II, from 1962 to 1965.

Subject(s):
Correspondence
Photographs
Hubbard, Elbert, 1856-1915
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Robert L. Volz, June 1977. Purchased from The Rendells, May 19, 1978, NEH Fund. Postcards purchased at Swann Auction, April 29, 1993, Bowerman Fund.Citation
[Item title, item date], Roycroft-Hubbard papers, D.77, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL: http://www.library.rochester.edu/rbscp


Content List
Series I: Correspondence, 1895-1965
Box 1, Folder 1Hubbard correspondence, 1895-1898
Box 1, Folder 2Hubbard correspondence, 1899-1915
Box 1, Folder 3Hubbard correspondence, 1916-1968
Box 1, Folder 4Lyman Chandler correspondence, January-April 1900
Box 1, Folder 5Lyman Chandler correspondence, May-June 1900
Box 1, Folder 6Lyman Chandler correspondence, July-August 1900
Box 1, Folder 7Lyman Chandler correspondence, September-December 1900
Box 1, Folder 8Lyman Chandler correspondence, January-February 1901
Box 1, Folder 9Lyman Chandler correspondence, March 1901
Box 1, Folder 10Lyman Chandler correspondence, April-May 1901
Box 1, Folder 11Lyman Chandler correspondence, June-October 1901
Box 1, Folder 12Deisher-Hubbard correspondence, 1902-1909
Box 1, Folder 13Deisher-Hubbard correspondence, 1910-1911
Box 1, Folder 14Deisher-Hubbard correspondence, January-March 1912
Box 1, Folder 15Deisher-Hubbard correspondence, April-December 1912
Box 1, Folder 16Deisher-Hubbard correspondence, 1913-1914
Box 1, Folder 17Deisher-Hubbard correspondence, 1915-1942
Box 2, Folder 1George Ferrel correspondence, 1962
Box 2, Folder 2George Ferrel correspondence, January-May 1963
Box 2, Folder 3George Ferrel correspondence, June-September 1963
Box 2, Folder 4George Ferrel correspondence, October-December 1963
Box 2, Folder 5George Ferrel correspondence, January-March 1964
Box 2, Folder 6George Ferrel correspondence, April-July 1964
Box 2, Folder 7George Ferrel correspondence, August-December 1964
Box 2, Folder 8George Ferrel correspondence, 1965
Series II: Manuscripts and essays
Subseries I: Manuscripts written by Elbert Hubbard
Box 2, Folder 9The Roycrofter's dictionary
Box 2, Folder 10Life in abundance
8 pages.

Box 2, Folder 11[California and John Brown]
Observations on Riverside agriculture as developed by Chase of Monroe County, N.Y. State, on people in Pasadena, and on John Brown, whose daughter, Ruth Thompson, lived in the area and attended Hubbard's lecture.
22 pages on 22 leaves. Holograph manuscript, extensively revised. About 370 lines, 1400 words.

Box 2, Folder 12[Canned life]
Published in The Philistine, Vol. 12, No. 5, April 1901, p. 129-134, in the regular feature, Heart to Heart Talks with Philistines by the Pastor of His Flock.
15 pages on 15 leaves. Holograph manuscript, extensively revised. About 240 lines, 1000 words.

Box 2, Folder 13[College Freshmen]
One page only from a longer manuscript on moral dangers to college freshmen.
1 page on 1 leaf. Typed manuscript, with extensive holograph additions. 23 lines, 90 words.

Box 2, Folder 14[The flight of time]
"Orators, people asleep, dead ones, and women in the toilet of a Pullman car know nothing of the flight of time."
1 page on 1 leaf. Holograph manuscript, with one revision. 6 lines, 22 words.

Box 2, Folder 15Help yourself by helping the house
Published as a pamphlet in 1917, in the New York American, and in Vol. 1 of Selected Writings in 1927. First published in The Philistine, Vol. 25, No. 4, September 1907.
13 pages on 13 leaves, with extra title leaf. Typed manuscript, signed by Hubbard at end. 210 lines, 1000 words. Probably a retained carbon.

Box 2, Folder 16A little journey to the home of Charles Henry Fox
One page only from a longer manuscript on the Fox floral business, undoubtedly one of Hubbard's advertising Little Journeys.
1 page on 1 leaf. Typed manuscript, with extensive holograph additions. 29 lines, 150 words. 1 page.

Box 2, Folder 17Marshall P. Wilder impersonating Fra Elbertus in Vaudeville
1 page on 1 leaf. Clipped magazine photograph of Wilder in his impersonation, pasted to larger sheet, with Hubbard's manuscript caption in ink.

Box 2, Folder 18A message to printers
14 pages on 14 leaves, with extra title leaf. Typed manuscript, with some holograph revisions. 282 lines, 1400 words. Accompanied with a 1-page note on Hubbard's writing method, by his son, Elbert Hubbard II.

Box 2, Folder 19[Rosamund Tales by Cuyler Reynolds]
A short appreciation of Reynolds' children's book. Bears manuscript notation "Copy sent to Page & Co."
1 page on 1 leaf. Typed manuscript, with one holograph revision, signed by Hubbard at end. 13 lines, 90 words.

Box 2, Folder 20Rustic Hickory, An appreciation
The first four pages discuss successful Irishmen in America, the next eight the Irishman, Andrew Jackson, or "Old Hickory", and the last eight the Rustic Hickory Furniture Co. of La Porte, Indiana.
20 pages on 20 leaves. Typed manuscript, with extensive holograph revisions and additions. 380 lines, 2100 words.

Box 2, Folder 21Proofs of articles, March, 1901 March, 1901
Subseries II: Manuscript essays by others about E. Hubbard and Roycroft
Box 2, Folder 22May A. Philo, A little journey to Sun Up - the home of Elbert Hubbard
Contents indicate this was written about 1905. Written under the pseudonymn of Brother Ambrosius.
9 pages on 9 quarto leaves. Carbon of typed manuscript.

Box 2, Folder 23A little journey to the home of Little Journeys
Contents indicate this was written about 1904-05. Contains extensive details on Hubbard and his speaking style.
15 pages on 15 quarto leaves. Carbon of typed manuscript.

Box 2, Folder 24Glen Buck, [Hubbard and Shakespeare]
Dated with cover letter to Lew Sarett, September 4, 1934.
1 page on 1 quarto leaf. Copy of typed manuscript.

Box 2, Folder 25George Ferrel, [Elbert Hubbard of East Aurora]
title: Bulletin

Box 2, Folder 26Robert L. Volz, Elbert Hubbard and the Roycrofters: makers of fine books
Subseries III: Miscellaneous related material
Box 2, Folder 27Carl Ahrons, She of the golden eyes
Ahrens was an artist associated with the Roycrofters.
1 page on 1 leaf. Typed manuscript, possibly copied out by Lyman Chandler (cf. Chandler's letter to Florence C. Irvine, Aug. 5, 1900, p.6).

Box 2, Folder 28Wilet Hubbard, Birthday sentiment book, June 7, 1910
Birthday sentiment book, for Wilet Hubbard's 21st birthday, June 7, 1910. Contains inscriptions by Elbert Hubbard, C.H. Kingsbury, Dard Hunter, Edith C. Hunter, and Felix Shay, among others.
74 leaves, bound in full suede, with label lettering in gilt.

Box 2, Folder 29Wells' new descriptive chart, for the use of examiner, giving a delineation of the character of Mr. E.G. Hubbard as given by Prof. Wm. C. Pike, September 22, 1874
Contains 2 pages of charts, with 53 conditions delineated in manuscript. Published: New York, Samuel R. Wells, c1869.

Box 2, Folder 30Ali Baba testimonial, July 22, 1923
Ali Baba Get-Well Testimonial, July 22, 1923. Resolved by participants of the 1923 Roycrofters Convention and sent to Anson Blackman, affectionately known as "Ali Baba." Signed by 27 parties.

Box 2, Folder 31Terse but worse verse [to A. Fournier], July 14, 1937 July 14, 1937
By Steve and Aitcheff. Dated Bostwick Island, July 14, 1937 . Testimonial light verse, written in dialect, addressed to Alexis J. Fournier, long-time Roycroft artist.
1 1/2 pages on 2 leaves. Typed manuscript.

Series III: Printed ephemera
Box 3, Folder 1Books and periodicals
Box 3, Folder 2Miscellaneous
Box 3, Folder 3Book design, Illumination
Box 3, Folder 4Book design, samples of French marbled papers
Box 3, Folder 5Christmas cards
Box 3, Folder 6Small mottoes
Box 3, Folder 7Medium and large mottoes
Box 3, Folder 8Roycroft foods
Box 3, Folder 9Lecture notices
Box 3, Folder 10American Academy of Immortals
Box 3, Folder 11Roycroft fraternity
Box 3, Folder 12Programs, Roycroft events
Box 3, Folder 13Roycroft stock certificate, June 4, 1902
Stock certificate No. 51, for two shares of Roycrofter capital stock, June 4, 1902, issued to Hubbard's father, Dr. Silas Hubbard. Contains genuine signatures of Dr. Silas Hubbard, Elbert Hubbard, Elbert Hubbard II, Lyman Chandler, Andrew Andrews, and Ellen Grant. With a penned note of Elbert Hubbard II at bottom, dated 2-15-1964.

Box 3, Folder 14Memorial programs for Elbert and Alice Hubbard
Box 3, Folder 15Elbert Hubbard's birthday celebration, to be held at Roycroft in East Aurora N.Y., June 19 to 22, 1930
Four copies of printed 8-page program, one signed in ms. on page [3] by participants in the unveiling of a more-than-lifesize statue of Elbert Hubbard on the Roycroft grounds on Thursday afternoon, June 19: H. [i.e. Harry] W. Mead, superintendent of East Aurora High School, reading Hubbard's An Invocation to Man (printed on page [2]; Irving L. Price, Mayor of East Aurora, greetings; Elbert Hubbard II, remarks; Elbert Hubbard III, unveiling of statue; Jerome Connor, sculptor; Joe Mitchell Chapple, eulogy; and Clarence Darrow, principal speaker. Guest list and seating locations, 3 pages, carbon of typescript. Tinted printed photograph of the Hubbard statue, flanked by Elbert Hubbard II, Elbert Hubbard III, and the sculptor, Jerome Connor, and signed by all three, in purple and black ink.

Box 3, Folder 16Roycroft Health Home
Box 3, Folder 17Roycroft Inn
Box 3, Folder 18Roycroft Inn, post, 1915
Box 3, Folder 19Newspaper clippings about Elbert Hubbard
Box 3, Folder 20Larkin Soap Co., Buffalo, Premium list, 1887
Box 3, Folder 21Roycroft Annual Convention, programs, 1917-1922
Box 3, Folder 22Promotional literature, post - books, 1915
Box 3, Folder 23Promotional literature, post - handcrafts, 1915
Box 3, Folder 24Elbert Hubbard Library-Museum, East Aurora, N.Y.
Box 3, Folder 25Elbert Hubbard II
Package 125 large illuminated mottoes
Package 1Poster for Elbert Hubbard lecture, Turn Hall, Rochester, N.Y., May 3, 1908
Package 1Poster for Hubbard-Roycroft Show at Rochester Institue of Technology, May 17-23, [1967]
Volume 1A message to Garcia
date: June 5, 1900

Series IV: Photographs and engravings
Box 4, Folder 1Ali Baba (Anson Blackman)
Box 4, Folder 2C.H. Kinabury album, presented to Anson Blackman, 1916
Pictures of Hubbards, Roycrofters, Dard Hunter's paper mill

Box 4, Folder 3Bookbinding
Box 4, Folder 4Buildings and views
Box 4, Folder 5Alice Hubbard
Box 4, Folder 6Elbert Hubbard, snapshots
Box 4, Folder 7Elbert Hubbard, portrait engravings
Box 4, Folder 8Elbert Hubbard, portrait photo gravures
Box 4, Folder 9Elbert Hubbard, portrait photographs
Box 4, Folder 10Elbert Hubbard, watermark portrait
Box 4, Folder 11Elbert Hubbard II and family
Box 4, Folder 12Engraved portraits for Little Journeys, A-M
Box 4, Folder 13Engraved portraits for Little Journeys, N-Z
Box 4, Folder 14Postcards
Box 4, Folder 15Pictures of Roycrofters


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