Carl Hentschel Papers

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Carl Hentschel Papers
Creator: Hentschel, Carl, 1864-1930
Call Number: D.406
Dates: 1884-1929
Physical Description: 3 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Related Materials
Content List
Collection Overview
Title: Carl Hentschel Papers
Creator: Hentschel, Carl, 1864-1930
Call Number: D.406
Dates: 1884-1929
Physical Description: 3 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Carl Hentschel (1864-1930) was a leading figure in illustrative print technology at the turn of the 20th century. Born in Lodz, Poland, Hentschel immigrated to England with his parents at an early age and studied the print trade under the tutelage of his father. He eventually went on to invent the Hentschel-Colourtype process and to found Carl Hentschel, Limited, a reproduction firm that produced engravings for numerous forms of printed media.

Hentschel was also prominent in theatre-going circles in London and claimed that he very rarely missed a first night. He was a founding member and president of the Playgoers' Club and became the founder (later serving as president) of the O.P. Club when he, along with several hundred other members, left the Playgoers' over policy disputes in 1900. He produced several publications related to the theatre, including The Discomforts of Playgoing (1903), and served as proprietor and editor of The Playgoer (1899).

Hentschel's interests were varied, and he was an active member in a number of clubs in addition to those mentioned above, including the New Vagabond Club and the Bartholomew Club. He served as President of the City of London Tradesmen's Club (1902) and as Chairman of the Guildhall School of Music (1905) and was a member of the Corporation of the City of London. Jerome K. Jerome, a close friend, used Hentschel as the inspiration for the character of Harris in his Three Men in a Boat (1889).

Scope and Content
Many of the correspondents whose letters make up the bulk of the Carl Hentschel papers serve as something of a who's who of the British theatre world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The majority of the letters consist primarily of responses to invitations to various O.P. Club (and, to a lesser extent, Playgoers' Club and New Vagabond Club) social and charitable events, providing a record of the many prominent attendees at their gatherings and insight into an often undocumented facet of life in theatre-going circles at the time.

The collection also offers glimpses into the opinions of various individuals concerning stage censorship, the sway of popular opinion over theatre critics, and whether or not actors should mingle socially with audience members. The sometimes surprisingly complex inner workings of clubs of play-goers and the difficulties involved in attempting to bring various entertainments to London (seen in, for example,Hentschel's letters from an unidentified correspondent concerning a possible engagement-- ultimately unsuccessful-- with the Royal Danish Opera Company) are also documented. One finds snapshots from the war years in brief references to blackouts, public morale, politics, and evidence of the prejudices Hentschel faced as a man with an ostensibly Germanic surname (Hentschel was actually of Russian extraction) living in a country at odds with Germany. Hentschel's considerable organizational skills and numerous efforts on behalf of various charities-- including those to assist actors during World War I and, in his capacity as Joint Secretary of the Royal Horticultural Society, to aid Europeans in need in the war's aftermath-- are recorded, as are his friendships with such theatre notables as Cecil Raleigh, Clement Scott, and J.T. Grein. Beyond Hentschel's social activities, the collection offers information concerning the success of Hentschel's print business, the superiority of his engravings in the eyes of his contemporaries, and the formulas he used to produce illustrations of such quality.

Hentschel, Carl, 1864-1930
O.P. Club
Playgoers' Club
The Carl Hentschel Papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Carl Hentschel Papers, D.406, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
See also: Database of correspondence .

Sources used:

"Mr. Carl Hentschel." The Times. 10 Jan. 1930. The Times Digital Archive, 1785-1985. Web. 14 May 2012.

Nicholas, Jeremy. "Three Men in a Boat and Three Men on the Bummel: The Story Behind Jerome's Two Comic Masterpieces," The Jerome K. Jerome Society. The Jerome K. Jerome Society, 2007. Web. 14 May 2012.

Who Was Who, Vol. III: Who Was Who, 1929-1940. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1941. Print.

Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055

Content List
Box 1, Folder 1Correspondence, 1884-1899
Box 1, Folder 2Correspondence, 1900-1904
Box 1, Folder 3Correspondence, 1905-1909
Box 1, Folder 4Correspondence, 1910-1913
Box 1, Folder 5Correspondence, 1914
Box 1, Folder 6Correspondence, 1915
Box 1, Folder 7Correspondence, 1916
Box 2, Folder 1Correspondence, 1917-1919
Box 2, Folder 2Correspondence, 1920-1921
Box 2, Folder 3Correspondence, 1922-1929
Box 2, Folder 4Undated correspondence, A-D
Box 2, Folder 5Undated correspondence, E-K
Box 2, Folder 6Undated correspondence, L-Z and unclear signatures
Box 3, Folder 1Papers related to Pantone Processes Ltd.
Including: draft prospectus (1), shareholder application form (1), print sample (1), form letter from C. Williamson Milne (1), informational leaflet on the Pantone Process (1)

Box 3, Folder 2Papers related to Carl Hentschel, Ltd., Carl Hentschel and Co.,and Hentschel-Colourtype, Ltd.
Including: director's reports (4; for the years 1902-05), share capital information and company prospectus leaflet (1), drawing competition advertisement (1), handwritten color-type formulas (2), printed excerpt in praise of Hentschel's photo-engravings (1)

Box 3, Folder 3Papers related to the theatre
Including: calling card of Arthur Wing Pinero (1), St. Martin's Theatre program for "Sleeping Partners," signed by Seymour Hicks (1)

Box 3, Folder 4Photograph and receipt
Photograph of three unidentified men (possibly including Hentschel) and receipt from The Chancery Lane Safe Deposit and Offices Company, Limited (1)

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