Eastman Butterfield Collection

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Eastman-Butterfield collection
Creator: Butterfield, Roger, 1907-1981
Call Number: D.4
Dates: 1950's
Physical Description: 9 notebooks, 4 boxes, 1 package
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Scope and Content
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Related Materials
Content List
Series I: Notebooks
Series II: Interview notes
Series III: Eastman Biography notes
Series IV: Photography
Series V: Book correspondence and agreements
Series VI: Printed material
Collection Overview
Title: Eastman-Butterfield collection
Creator: Butterfield, Roger, 1907-1981
Call Number: D.4
Dates: 1950's
Physical Description: 9 notebooks, 4 boxes, 1 package
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Scope and Content
The Eastman-Butterfield Collection consists of a series of notes in nine notebooks, four boxes, and one package. Roger Butterfield assembled the notes in the early 1950s to serve as the resource material for a proposed biography of George Eastman. Although Butterfield never wrote the Eastman biography, he did publish an article, "The Prodigious Life of George Eastman," in the April 26, 1954 issue of Life magazine.

The first eight notebooks contain notes and correspondence arranged in chronological order. These notebooks cover the period from c.1830 until George Eastman's death in 1932. The ninth notebook is comprised of a subject file of key elements of Eastman's life.

Researchers using the notebooks can determine the sources of Butterfield's information by looking at the initial code in the upper left-hand corner of each page. Butterfield's general information came either from the Eastman House (EH) or from the Eastman Kodak Company (EK) files. Material from either of these sources that was derived from examining letters (correspondence) can be distinguished by the presence of an L before the main initials (i.e. LEH and LEK). The Eastman Kodak Company further divided Eastman's letters into personal correspondence boxes and general (mostly business) correspondence boxes. LB stands for Letter Box, the general file, while PLB denotes the Personal Letter Box. Much of the Eastman Kodak Company correspondence collection had already been excerpted and transcribed by Kodak employees before Butterfield began his research. Butterfield notes in the text of the notebooks which letters he has only seen in incomplete transcribed versions. The Eastman House files were transferred to the Department of Rare Books, & Special Collections and can now be found in D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers .

The collection also contains four boxes and one package. The first three boxes include interviews, notes, newspaper clippings, pamphlets and other research materials. The first box contains a series of interviews and interview notes gathered by Butterfield. The interviews shed light on Eastman's private and public life, on his management of the Eastman Kodak Company, and on the continuing development of the Company since his death. The second box contains Butterfield's notes and printed materials having to do with George Eastman himself. The third box contains notes and clippings about the development of photography in general, and some specific information about the Eastman Kodak Company. This box also contains printed material distributed by Eastman Kodak to its stockholders. The last box contains copies of Butterfield's book contracts for the writing of the Eastman biography and correspondence pertaining to the proposed book.

New York (State)--Rochester
Eastman, George, 1854-1932
Eastman Kodak Company
Immediate Source of Acquisition
This collection was the gift of Roger Butterfield in September, 1971.Access
The Eastman-Butterfield collection is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Eastman-Butterfield collection, D.4, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
The Eastman-Butterfield Collection is one of five collections of materials relating to George Eastman in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections. The other four collections are:

D.85, the George Eastman House Construction Papers, 1902-1906 , which consists of correspondence, including some to and from George Eastman, agreements, contracts, etc., relating to the construction of the home of George Eastman at 350 (now 900) East Avenue, Rochester, New York;

D.137, the Bachmann (Lawrence) Papers , a collection of notes and a draft of a proposed biography of Eastman; and

D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers , composed of Eastman's correspondence, printed ephemera, and over 4,000 photographs and negatives depicting George Eastman, his family, his friends, his homes in Waterville and at 900 East Avenue, and early Kodak factories and workers.

D.139, Eastman Research Materials , is a collection of miscellaneous items, including scrapbooks, taped oral histories, photographs, and an extensive newspaper clipping file. As relevant material is acquired, it will be added to this collection.

Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055

Content List
Series I: Notebooks
Volume 1 circa 1830-1878
Volume 21879-1889
Volume 31890-1895
Volume 41896-1901
Volume 51902-1906
Volume 61907-1911
Volume 71912-1918
Volume 81919-1932
Volume 9Subject file
Biographical; business; family; finances; gifts; homes; legal; patents; personal; philosophy; philanthropy; photography; travel; women; his death

Series II: Interview notes
Box 1, Folder 1Interview notes: A
C. S. Abbott
Gertrude Strong Achilles, daughter of Henry Strong
Carl W. Ackerman, biographer
Bill Adams, barber (?)
Irving Adams, early competitor of Eastman
Dr. Rufus A. Adams, physician, original stockholder
Isaac Adler, solicited by Eastman to be trustee of Bureau of Municipal Research
Mortimer Adler, associated on Community Chest beginning 1917
Carl Akeley, from Carl Akeley's Africa, by Mary L. Akeley
Harold E. Akerly, former employee and companion on trip
Linda Allard - Eastman Kodak Co., in charge of Eastman's personal files
Charles F. Ames, vice-president of Eastman-Kodak Co.
George Worthington Andrus, Eastman's brother-in-law
Anthonys, pioneer dealers in photographic supplies, first selling agents for Eastman
Box 1, Folder 2Interview notes: B
Leo Baekeland, chemist, inventory, gave name to bakelite plastic
Raymond Ball, president and then board chairman of Lincoln Alliance Bank
Mrs. C. Storrs Barrows, daughter of boyhood chum of Eastman
Rev. Dr. Murray Bartlett, former rector St. Paul's, attended by Eastman's mother, neighbor and old friend
Walter G. Bent, headed up English Co., business associate
Jacob Bernstein, stage-hand at Eastman Theatre
T. H. Blair, camera manufacturer, competitor of Eastman
Ernie E. Blake, Kodak Ltd., London, motion picture executive
Mrs. Carlton F. Bown, daughter of Darwin Smith
T. C. Bridges, author of Kings of Commerce
Tom Brown, retired lithographic employee
Frank Brownell, camera designer, longtime business associate
Jules Brulatour, agent for Kodak movie film, friend of Eastman
Dr. Harvey J. Burkhart, director of Rochester Dental Dispensary and advisor on other Eastman dental clinics
Charles W. Burley, assistant manager, Kodak Park
Roy L. Butterfield, Rochester citizen, school principal
Box 1, Folder 3Interview notes: C
George Cannan and others, old-time Kodak employees
John Carbutt, pioneer dry plate manufacturer
George A. Carnahan, judge and prominent Rochester civic figure
Charles D. Carruth, former engineer and Stromberg-Carlson employee
William Carter, coachman and early chauffeur for Eastman
Charles Z. Case, Kodak official in London and Rochester, in charge of "special developments"
Albert K. Chapman, president of Kodak
Marie Cherbuliez - Eastman's housekeeper from 1914 until his death in 1932
Fred F. Church and Melville, patent lawyers
Brackett Halford Clark, original stockholder, Rochester barrel stave manufacturer
George H. Clark, son of Brackett, longtime director of Kodak
Joseph Thacher Clarke, longtime employee, English and foreign expert, Eastman's traveling companion on early trips
Benham "Ben" Cline, old employee, photographer, married Kodak girl
Minnie Hoefler Cline, married Ben Cline, old employee
Henry Clune
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Cope and Emily Kilbourn Cope Johnson, cousins of Eastman
Stephen B. Cornell, Kodak official
Franklin M. Cossitt, helped Eastman design "detective camera"
Moses B. Cotsworth, "adviser" on calendar reform
T. J. Craig, old employee, manager of service department for Kodak
Gustav Cramer, manufacturer of photographic plates
D. H. Cross, pioneer dry plate manufacturer
Frank M. Crouch, old employee, cashier for a long time
G. Hanmer Croughton, early employee, saw evolution of No. 1 Kodak
Box 1, Folder 4Interview notes: D-E
Harry Darling, old employee, onetime general superintendent of Camera Works
J. Lionberger Davis, companion on 1920 trip to Japan, board chairman Security National Bank Savings and Trust Co., St. Louis, Missouri
Ronald C. Davison, father George was general manager of English branch of Kodak
William W. Day, old employee
Josephine Dickman, widow of British manager, longtime friend of Eastman
W. K. L. Dickson, aide to Edison, worked on early movie experiments
Herman Dossenbach, musician, Park Band leader
George Dryden, husband of Ellen Andrus (Eastman's niece)
John E. Dumont, old time photographer
Mr. and Mrs. Albert B. Eastwood, merchant and early investor in Kodak, on early camping trips with Eastman
Thomas A. Edison
Franklin C. Ellis, public relations at Kodak
James Evanoff, testing department at Kodak
Box 1, Folder 5Interview notes: F-G
Harry W. Fell, old employee
Albert "Bert" O. Fenn, Rochester banker, friend, and business associate
Harry M. Fenn, old employee and relative (?) of Bert Fenn
Carl Fisher, manager of special sales for Kodak
Irving Fisher, Yale professor and economist
Gina Fisher-Hammer, author of The History of the Kodak and Its Continuations
Abraham Flexner, money raiser, Eastman's "highwayman"
B. C. Forbes, business writer
Charles Forbes, chemist, University of Rochester professor
L. S. Foulkes, Rochester chair manufacturer
Helen M. Fraser, employee, secretary
Frank E. Gannett, newspaper publisher
Katherine Gerling, longtime Kodak Park employee
Harold Gleason, Eastman's organist, later with Eastman School of Music
Marion Gleason, wife of Harold Gleason (now divorced), friend of Eastman
Edward P. Goetzman, shipping supervisor at Kodak
Dr. George W. Goler, Rochester health officer and public health expert
Hannibal Goodwin, retired clergyman, holder of film patent
Eugene Goossens, orchestra conductor
J. L. Gorham, assistant treasurer at Kodak
Box 1, Folder 6Interview notes: H-J
Harry Haight, industrial relations manager at Kodak
John Handy, former errand boy
Howard Hanson, composer, director of Eastman School of Music
Thomas Jean Hargrave, board chairman Kodak
Edward Harris, lawyer
Will Hays, motion picture "czar"
Jeremiah G. Hickey, president of Hickey-Freeman
Elizabeth Holahan, authority on architectural restoration
John C. Hosking, Rochester Savings Bank employee
David Henderson Houston, inventor, farmer
Anna D. Hubbell, daughter of Eastman's lawyer
Walter S. Hubbell, lawyer and personal friend
Charles E. Hutchings, old Kodak employee
Alice Whitney Hutchison, Eastman's secretary, started June 2, 1890
Charles F. Hutchison, Kodak Park official, husband of Alice Whitney
Frederic E. Ives, pioneer in color photography
A. W. Jacobs, old neighbor, businessman
Charles E. Johnson, old employee
Osa Johnson, wife of Martin Johnson, author of I Married Adventure, safari companion
Frances Benjamin Johnston, famous lady photographer
Henry F. Jones, employee
Lewis Bunnell Jones, longtime advertising manager at Kodak and vice-president
Box 1, Folder 7Interview notes: K-L
Albert David Kaiser, physician, friend of Eastman
Art Kelly, publicity man at Eastman Theatre
J. J. Kennedy, attorney, Philipp partner, handled anti-trust and patent cases
John Kent, early Kodak director, photographer
Mrs. Harold C. Kimball, friend
Emil Kipper, manager of American Zylonite Co.
Louisa J. Knorr, Mrs. Eastman's nurse
F. D. T. Krohn, English chemist and employee
E. D. Leary, businessman, lamp store (?)
Albert Levy, early competitor of Eastman
Clarence A. Livingston, superintendent University of Rochester Buildings and Grounds
S. T. Loveday, English executive of Kodak
Frank W. Lovejoy, key aide to Eastman, later president and board chairman of Kodak
Louis and Auguste Lumiere, French photographic pioneers
Box 1, Folder 8Interview notes: M
Richard Cockburn Maclaurin, president of MIT, 1909-1920
E. H. MacNamara, employee
F. S. Macomber, lawyer and outdoor companion
Charles W. Marcus, old employee, director of purchasing at Kodak Park
Minnie Mason, Eastman's last nurse
T. C. Mattison, Kodak executive in England
Dr. C. E. Kenneth Mees, head of Kodak research
Fausta V. Mengarini, sculptress
Carmen H. Messmore, art dealer, Knoedler's
George Hibbard Monroe, photographer, Eastman's instructor
Frank Luthor Mott, author of A History of American Magazines 1885-1905 (vol. 4)
Nathaniel "Nat" Myrick, longtime employee at Eastman House
Edward T. McDermott, old employee
Blake McKelvey, Rochester city historian
Box 1, Folder 9Interview notes: N-R
Marshall Naul, researcher
Beaumont Newhall
Evangeline (Mrs. C. W.) Newhall, college friend of Ellen Andrus Dryden; companion of Eastman
Rev. George E. Norton, rector of St. Paul's Church
Albert D. Osborne, examiner of questioned documents
Harvey Padelford, Eastman's last chauffeur
Charles Pathe, French pioneer in photography
H. R. Patterson, Camera Works employee, son-in-law of Frank Crouch
Moritz Bernard Philipp, Eastman's longtime New York lawyer
W. B. ("Pete") Potter, advertising manager Kodak, 1954
Mrs. Robert Ranlet, social figure, personal friend
Benjamin Rush Rhees, president, University of Rochester
Milton K. Robinson, assistant secretary and later secretary of Kodak
Rochester Savings Bank
George W. Rockwood, important photographer in New York City
Samuel Rothafel ("Roxy"), theatre manager, candidate for Eastman Theatre job
Box 1, Folder 10Interview notes: S
Edwin O. Sage, Kodak director, shoe manufacturer
Carl Sandburg, from The People, Yes
Scovill, manufacturers of cameras and supplies
Frank Seaman, longtime Kodak advertising agent
Arthur M. See, music figure
George B. Selden, son of patent lawyer
John R. Slater, University of Rochester professor
Leroy E. Snyder, assistant to president, Gannett newspapers
Oscar N. Solbert, Eastman's aide in lobbying and social matters, director of Eastman House
Stanley, dry plate manufacturers, steam automobiles
Rollin Steward
Dr. Audley D. Stewart, Eastman's last-doctor
D. H. Stewart, head of patents office, Kodak
Charles N. Storer, early friend of Eastman, had umbrella business in Rochester
Hattie Strong, second wife of Col. Henry Alvah Strong
Henry Alvah Strong, Eastman's longtime partner, close friend
W. G. Stuber, emulsion expert, president and board chairman, Kodak
Albert F. Sulzer, Kodak official, became a vice-president
Box 1, Folder 11Interview notes: T-Z
Robert A. Taft, Photography and the American Scene
Henry L. Thayer, old employee
Gustave Tinlot, musician, quartet leader
Dundas Todd, editor, correspondent of Eastman
George Todd, director at Lincoln Bank
"Ted" Townsend, Waterville editor, columnist Utica Daily Press
Samuel W. Turner, inventor of daylight loading cartridge
Charles Turpin, Kodak employee, 1892-1932
Mrs. William S. Vaughn, Eastman's last organist
Hermann Vogel, pioneer in color photography
William Hall Walker, early partner of Eastman and Strong
A. J. Warner, son of architect, music critic at Times-Union
Hulbert Harrington Warner, Rochester businessman, promoter of "Warner's Safe Cures"
W. Earl Weller, director of Rochester Bureau of Municipal Research
Mrs. George H. Whipple, wife of dean of medical school, one of Eastman's young ladies in later years
Lawrence Grant White, architect, head of McKim, Mead White in 1940
Perley S. Wilcox, Tennessee Eastman Co.
Roger Wollin, reporter for Hearst Journal-American, at Eastman's death
Yawman Erbe, manufactured roll holders to Eastman's order in 1885
Solomon C. Young, longtime servant and Eastman's last valet
Adolph Zukor, motion picture pioneer
Series III: Eastman Biography notes
Box 2, Folder 1Bibliography and sources
Box 2, Folder 2Guide notes
Box 2, Folder 3Research notes and follow-ups
Box 2, Folder 4Eastman biographical information
Box 2, Folder 5Eastman letter to Rochester Telephone Co. and replies, October 2, 1922
Box 2, Folder 6Illustrations
Box 2, Folder 7Patents/Legal
Research lists and photocopies

Box 2, Folder 8Recollections connected with George Eastman
Box 2, Folder 9Travel notes
Box 2, Folder 10-11Butterfield miscellaneous notes
Box 2, Folder 12Random notes from Eastman Kodak Co. correspondence
Box 2, Folder 13Newspaper check-ups
Box 2, Folder 14Notes from newspaper articles and periodicals
Box 2, Folder 15Waterville newspaper transcriptions
Box 2, Folder 16Newspaper clippings, Eastman's death, 1932
Box 2, Folder 17General printed information
Box 2, Folder 18Miscellaneous newspaper articles
Series IV: Photography
Box 3, Folder 1Photography, general
Box 3, Folder 2Catalogues and instruction booklets
Box 3, Folder 3Manuals and price lists
Box 3, Folder 4Printed information, Kodak
Box 3, Folder 5Printed information, Kodak
"The Origin of the Name 'Kodak'"
"A Picture of Eastman Kodak" (reprint pamphlet)
"Facts about the World's Largest Organization Engaged in the Manufacture of Photographic Materials"
3 Eastman Kodak Company handbooks
Box 3, Folder 6Printed information, Kodak: Eastman Kodak Annual Reports, 1952, 1953, 1955
Box 3, Folder 7Printed information, Kodak
"The Industrial Relations Program of Eastman Kodak Company" (pamphlet)
"Kodak Park 50 Years Ago: A boy' s-eye view of 1904," by A. Whitman Crittenden
Box 3, Folder 8Newspaper clippings, Eastman Kodak Co.
Series V: Book correspondence and agreements
Box 4, Folder 1Book correspondence and agreements, 1954-1959
Series VI: Printed material
Box 4, Folder 2Congratulatory clippings on LIFE article, 1954
Box 4, Folder 3Personal correspondence relating to LIFE article, 1954-1960
Box 4, Folder 4Book: Through the Ages (June, 1924) with article on the marble in the Eastman Theatre
Box 4, Folder 5Book: The Collection of Frank Lusk Babbott, 1934
Box 4, Folder 6Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 4 no. 1 (Spring, 1962) with information of Mary Garden
Package 1Moore's Rural New York, December 3, 1870 with article and advertisement about Harvey Eastman's Eastman's College in Poughkeepsie, New York
Package 1Scientific American, September 15, 1888 with article on Kodak camera
Package 1Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, February 8, 1917 with article "Men Who Are Making America," by B. C. Forbes - biographical sketch of Eastman
Package 1Poughkeepsie Sunday New Yorker, December 1, 1946 with article "Trumpeter of the Textbooks," by Thomas A. Dugan, about Harvey Eastman

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