Sanford A. Gradinger Papers

The Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation (RBSCP) has changed some of our policies and services due to COVID-19. Please go to our website for more information.

Other Views:  Print/PDF  |  EAD Note: You may browse using the navigation on the left, or use Ctrl-F to search within this finding aid.

Sanford A. Gradinger papers
Creator: Gradinger, Sanford A.
Call Number: D.276
Dates: 1977-2010
Physical Description: 8 boxes, 3 Posters, 2 photographs
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Separated Materials
Content List
Series I: Andrei Sakharov
Series II: Ida Nudel
Series III: Refuseniks
Series IV: Travels to Russia and other materials
Collection Overview
Title: Sanford A. Gradinger papers
Creator: Gradinger, Sanford A.
Call Number: D.276
Dates: 1977-2010
Physical Description: 8 boxes, 3 Posters, 2 photographs
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Sanford A. Gradinger is a Rochester businessman and founder of Centra Financial Group. In 1977 he became involved in an international human rights struggle in which he joined forces with others in Rochester to help reunite the Edward Lozansky family. Lozansky came to the US from Russia in 1976 expecting that his wife, Tanya, the daughter of a three-star Russian general, and their daughter would soon follow. However, they were not granted permission to leave. Immense public efforts were made to apply pressure on the Soviets to release the Lozanskys as well as other dissidents and refuseniks.

As an active participant in these activities, Gradinger and his wife Stephanie traveled to Washington, DC where they met with White House and State Department officials. Gradinger ultimately went to the Soviet Union where he met with Andrei Sakharov and other refuseniks.

Much of this activity was carefully monitored by the KGB as confirmed by files discovered at KGB headquarters after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Scope and Content
Sanford Gradinger's papers chronicle the efforts put forth by the Andrei Sakharov International Committee (founded at the University of Rochester in 1978) to engender human rights within the Soviet Union. The Committee's goals were to keep Sakharov alive, reunify the Lozansky family, and agitate for emigration rights for Soviet Jewry like Ida Nudel and Rimma Bravve. These efforts included a series of highly publicized concerts in the US and Europe as well as contacts with numerous public figures.

This collection includes correspondence, photographs, clippings, ephemera, posters and travel memorabilia.

Soviet Union
Newspaper clippings
Gradinger, Sanford A.
Lozansky, Edward D. (Edward Dmitrievich), 1941-
Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Sanford A. Gradinger donated this collection to the University on October 26, 2000. Additional material (including Box 4) was donated by Gradinger on August 10, 2010 and September 13, 2011.Access
The Sanford A. Gradinger papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Sanford A. Gradinger papers, D.276, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterSeparated Materials
Books from Sanford Gradinger that were placed in the General Stacks:

Bailey, George (editor). Kontinet 4: Contemporary Russian Writers (Call Number: PG3213 .K6 1982)

Bukovsky, Vladimir. To Build a Castle: My Life as a Dissenter (Call Number: DK275.B84 A37)

Eddy, Sherwood. The Challenge or Russia (Call Number: DK267 .E21c)

Khrushchev, Nikita. Khrushchev Remembers (Call Number: DK275 .K38Akhr)

Kopelev, Lev. Ease My Sorrows ( Call Number: PG3482.7 .K83Au)

Levine, Irving R. Main Street, U.S.S.R. (Call Number: DK276 .L66m)

Lozansky, Edouard. Pour Tatiana (Call Number: DS135.R95 L69514 1984)

Lozansky, Edward. For Tatiana (Call Number: DS135.R95 A36 1986)

Meisel, James H. and Kozera, Edward S. The Soviet System (Call Number: JN6503 .M51m 1953)

Ratcliff, Carter. Komar and Melamid (Call Number: N6999.K57 R38 1988)

Shcharansky, Anatoly. Fear No Evil (Call Number: DS135.R95 S497 1988)

Shcharansky, Anatoly and Avital. The Journey Home (by the Jerusalem Post) (Call Number: DS135.R95 A113 1986)

Shevchenko, Arkady N. Breaking with Moscow (Call Number: UB271.U52 S437 1985)

Smith, Hedrick. The New Russians ( Call Number: DK288 .S59 1990)

Smith, Hedrick. The Russians (Call Number: DK288 .S59 1990)

Voslensky, Michael. Nomenklatura (Call Number: JN6549.E9 V6813 1984)

Wiesel, Elie. The Jews of Silence (Call Number: DS135.R92 W5313 1966)

Williams, Albert Rhys. The Russians (Call Number: DK273 .W72r)

Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055

Finding aid publication date: Revised August 2017.
Content List
Series I: Andrei Sakharov
Box 1, Folder 1Gradinger's chronology of events
Box 1, Folder 2Sakharov International Committee and Andrei Sakharov Institute stationery
Box 1, Folder 3Sakharov, Andrei: Board Business of Andrei Sakharov Institute, 1980-1986
Box 1, Folder 4Press and publicity, 1980-1984
Box 1, Folder 5Sakharov, Andrei: Institute Ed., 1983
Box 1, Folder 6Sakharov, Andrei: Andrei Sakharov Day and Lozansky Reception, 1983
Box 1, Folder 7Yankelevich, Efrem: writings, 1983-1985
Box 1, Folder 8Sakharov, Andrei: Info and Harry J. Lipkin, 1983-1984
Box 1, Folder 9Human Rights Day, December 9, 1983
Box 1, Folder 10Sakharov, Andrei: Pre-concert committee work (misc.), 1983
Box 1, Folder 11Sakharov, Andrei: Committee: Rochester, 1984
Box 1, Folder 12Soviet Emigree Orchestra 1983-84; Rochester concert, 1984
Box 1, Folder 13Sakharov, Andrei: Pre-concert, press and appeal, 1984
Box 1, Folder 14Sakharov, Andrei: Concert press clippings, 1984
Box 1, Folder 15;
Box 2, Folder 1-3
Sakharov, Andrei: Concert tour, 1984
Box 2, Folder 4Sakharov, Andrei: Concert 1984: Rochester
Box 2, Folder 5Sakharov, Andrei: Concert Rochester, May 9, 1984
See oversized posters in same Box

Box 2, Folder 6Sakharov, Andrei: Concert Rochester: Flyers, May 9, 1984
Box 2, Folder 7Sakharov, Andrei: Concert: Carnegie Hall, May 21, 1984
Box 2, Folder 8Sakharov, Andrei: Concert in Amsterdam, May 24, 1984
Box 2, Folder 9Sakharov, Andrei: Institute Conference, September 14-15, 1984
Box 2, Folder 10RIT Conference: Soviet realities, March 22-23, 1985
Box 2, Folder 11Syracuse University National Issues Forum, November 7, 1985 and December 5, 1985
Box 2, Folder 12Sakharov, Andrei: National Andrei Sakharov Day, May 15, 1985
Box 3, Folder 1-2Sakharov, Andrei: Talks and news clippings (Mrs. Bonner), 1985-1986
Box 3, Folder 3New York City concert: Sakharov, Andrei and Bonner, May 20, 1986
Box 3, Folder 4Sakharov, Andrei 1984; Mrs. Bonner illness, 1986
Box 3, Folder 5-7Gradinger binders 1-3
Originals returned to S. Gradinger

Box 3, Folder 8Correspondence, 1985-1995
Box 3, Folder 9Guide to Gradinger Papers at the American Jewish Historical Society, printed 2010
Box 3, Folder 10;
Box 5, Folder 3
Miscellaneous, 1979-1985
Box 3, Folder 11Oral history recording from American Jewish Historical Society, 2010
Box 3, Folder 12Press and publicity, 1985-2008
Box 3, Folder 13Sakharov Institute meeting minutes, October 9, 1988
Box 3, Folder 14Congresswoman Slaughter: Beizer family, 1987
Box 3, Folder 15Congresswoman Slaughter: Bravve family, 1987-1988
Box 3, Folder 16Congresswoman Slaughter: Damaceanu family, 1987
Box 3, Folder 17Congresswoman Slaughter: Guberman family, 1987
Box 3, Folder 18Congresswoman Slaughter: Rabinovich family, 1987
Box 3, Folder 19Congresswoman Slaughter: Shustorovich family, 1987
Box 3, Folder 20Congresswoman Slaughter: Tsimberou family, 1987
Box 3, Folder 21Congresswoman Slaughter: Yom Kippur, 1987
Box 3, Folder 22Congresswoman Slaughter: Zapesochny family, 1987
Box 4, Folder 1Sakharov, Andrei: Documents: Sakharov Int. Committee, 1980-1984
Box 4, Folder 2Sakharov, Andrei: Business, 1979-1986
Box 4, Folder 3Sakharov, Andrei: Seminars, 1985-1986
Box 4, Folder 4Sakharov, Andrei: Board, 1986-1987
Box 4, Folder 5Sakharov, Andrei, 1986-1987
Box 4, Folder 6Sakharov, Andrei: Refusnik, Russia trip, 1987-1988
Box 4, Folder 7Sakharov, Andrei, 1987
Box 4, Folder 8Sakharov, Andrei: articles and clippings, 1987
Box 5, Folder 1Sakharov, Andrei: Comes to America, 1988-1989
Box 5, Folder 2Sakharov, Andrei: Remembrance, 1989-1990
December 14, 1989: Sakharov dies

Box 5, Folder 4Sakharov, Andrei: Postcards and opinion program tapes, April 23, 1984
Box 5, Folder 5Legislative resolution, 1983
Folder 1Mounted poster from Notre Dame concert
Oversize folder

Folder 1Oversized posters of Sakharov Concert in Rochester, May 9, 1984
Oversize folder

Folder 1Large photograph: Andrei Sakharov and Sandy Gradinger at A.S. Apt. Moscow KGB monitored conversation, September 1987
Oversize folder

Series II: Ida Nudel
Box 5, Folder 6-7Nudel, Ida
Box 5, Folder 8Nudel, Ida: Sports
Folder 1Large photographs- Ida Nudel and schoolchildren, 1994
2 photographs
Oversize folder

Series III: Refuseniks
Box 6, Folder 1Refuseniks: Scharansky and others, 1977-2000
Box 6, Folder 2Refuseniks: Lozansky, 1979-1982
Box 6, Folder 3Refuseniks: Miscellaneous, Lozansky, 1979-1987
Box 6, Folder 4;
Box 7, Folder 7
Refuseniks: Miscellaneous, 1979-1989
Box 6, Folder 5Refuseniks: Soviet Jews, 1984
Box 6, Folder 6;
Box 7, Folder 8
Refusenik: Bravve case, 1986-1988
Box 6, Folder 7Refuseniks: Soviet Jews (Washington March), 1987
Box 6, Folder 8Refuseniks, 1987
Box 6, Folder 9Refuseniks: Yom Kippur hunger strike, 1987
Box 6, Folder 10Refuseniks: Ukrainians, 1987
Box 7, Folder 1Refuseniks: General reception, Fall 1989
Box 7, Folder 2Refuseniks: Italy trip, 1990
Box 7, Folder 3Refuseniks: Jobs for Jewish immigrants, 1990
Box 7, Folder 4Rome, Italy talk, October 1990
Box 7, Folder 5-6Refuseniks: Ukraine, 1990-1992
Box 7, Folder 9Refuseniks book by Donia Rosen: The Forest, My Friend
Box 8, Folder 1Refuseniks: Temple Ukrainians
Box 8, Folder 2Refuseniks: Moscow - New Year (Independent Univ.)
Box 8, Folder 5Refuseniks: Lozansky: Film papers
Series IV: Travels to Russia and other materials
Box 8, Folder 3Kopelev, Lev
Box 8, Folder 4Items removed from Gradinger books
Box 8, Folder 6Publications regarding doing business in Russia, mostly early 1990s
Box 8, Folder 7Travel memorabilia from trip to Russia, 1987
Small notebook, 1987
Leather travel diary: SAG
Small notebook
Envelope of snapshots
Folder 1Peace child poster
Brought in on November 22, 2000 by Jared Gradinger with S. Gradinger
Oversize folder

Folder 1Poster of "Sports feelings" – International Museum of Photography, 1989
Oversize folder

Other Views:  Print/PDF  |  EAD