Crapsey Family Papers

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Collection Overview
Title: Crapsey Family Papers
Call Number: D.272
Dates: 1839-1991
Physical Description: 12 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation

Biographical/Historical Note
Algernon S. Crapsey (1847-1927) came to Rochester from New York City's Trinity Church to become the rector of St. Andrew's Episcopal Church on Averill Avenue. Dr. Crapsey was known throughout the nation for his eloquence and his inspiring social ideals. Through his efforts, St. Andrew's became one of the most well attended churches in Rochester. His progressive yet controversial views of the church led him to be brought to trial for heresy in 1906, following a lecture in which he related Jesus' life to the physical one of the common man. Despite considerable local and national support for Dr. Crapsey, the Episcopal Church convicted him of heresy and he was defrocked. Although he lacked credentials, Dr. Crapsey continued to lecture, write, and foster important social work projects until his death in 1927.

Adelaide Trowbridge Crapsey (1855-1950) was also well known in the Rochester community. She devoted much of her time organizing aid for young mothers, widows, and children, and founded the Adelaide T. Crapsey Co., manufacturers of children's frocks. The factory was well known as a unique family-type work setting for its employees.

Algernon S. and Adelaide T. Crapsey had nine children: Philip, Emily, Adelaide, Paul, Rachel, Algernon Jr., Ruth, Marie, and Arthur. The most famous of their children was Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1914). Adelaide became a recognized poet with the publication of her only volume of poetry, Verse, a year after her death.

Scope and Content
The collection contains materials relating to the Algernon S. and Adelaide Trowbridge Crapsey family of Rochester, NY, one of the city's most prominent families of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The Crapsey Family Papers consist of 12 boxes and 14 scrapbooks. The collection includes correspondence, family memorabilia, photographs, printed materials, ephemera, and books identified with the family. A significant portion of the family material is focused on Algernon S. Crapsey and Adelaide Crapsey. There are also materials related to the Crapsey family home at 678 Averill Avenue, St. Andrew's Church, Adelaide T. Crapsey Co., the Trowbridge family of Catskill, NY, and several non-family members.

Notable Correspondents

Below is a list of notable letter writers whose correspondence is housed in the collection. After each name is listed the box and folder number where their letter(s) can be found.

Adler, Isaac. Box 3, folder 1.

Bragdon, Claude. Box 1, folders 5 and 7; Box 2, folder 2.

Crapsey, Adelaide. Box 1, folders 1 and 2.

Crapsey, Adelaide Trowbridge. Box 1, folders 7 and 15; Box 2, folders 1 and 2.

Crapsey, Algernon S. Box 1, folder 5; Box 3, folder 5; Box 4, folder 9; Scrapbook 5.

Crothers, Samuel. Box 3, folder 1.

Darrow, Clarence. Box 3, folder 1.

Dix, Morgan. Box 3, folder 1.

Fels, Samuel S. Box 3, folder 1.

Frankfurter, Felix. Box 3, folder 1.

Gannett, Lewis S. Box 3, folder 1.

Grosvenor, William Mason. Box 3, folder 1.

Higginson, Thomas W. Scrapbook 2.

Hill, David Jayne. Box 3, folder 1.

Huntington, Frederic. Box 3, folder 1.

Huntington, William Reed. Box 3, folder 1.

Lowenthal, Esther. Box 1, folders 13 and 15; Box 2, folder 2; Box 3, folder 1; Box 4, folder 2; Box 5, folder 1.

Peabody, Francis Greenwood. Box 3, folder 1.

Peabody, George Foster. Box 1, folder 5; Box 2, folder 2.

Pershing, John J. Scrapbook 7.

Schmidt, Nathaniel. Box 2, folder 2.

Smith, Alfred E. Box 3, folder 1.

Tyler, Samuel. Box 3, folder 1.

Villard, Oswald Garrison. Box 3, folder 1.

Weston, Samuel Burns. Box 2, folder 2; Box 3, folder 1.

White, Andrew D. Box 3, folder 1.

Wiley, Louis. Box 3, folder 1.

Wise, Stephen S. Box 2, folder 2; Box 3, folder 1.

The first 5 boxes and folders contain manuscript and printed material arranged alphabetically by individual family and non-family members, followed by 4 boxes of photographs, 2 boxes of ephemera, 1 box of books, and 14 scrapbooks.

Crapsey, Algernon Sidney, 1847-1927
Crapsey, Adelaide Trowbridge, 1855-1950
Crapsey, Adelaide, 1878-1914
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Leslie de Haseth, Robin C. Romero, and Arthur H. Crapsey III, August 1998.Access
The Crapsey Family Papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Crapsey Family Papers, D.272, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
In addition to the Crapsey Family Papers, the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections also houses the Adelaide Crapsey Papers (see A.C89 for more information).

Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055

Content List
Box 1: Adelaide Crapsey
Folder 1. Correspondence: miscellaneous letters to and from Adelaide, 1893-1912.
Folder 2. Correspondence to Adelaide T. Crapsey, 1893-1909. Contains typed transcriptions of letters from Adelaide to her mother.
Folder 3. Signatures of Adelaide Crapsey, clipped from personal checks (see also Box 10). Also includes her last signature on a document, October 5, 1914.
Folder 4. "War Songs." Essay for Kemper Hall Kodak, January 1896, typescript, 2pp.
Folder 5. Verse. Correspondence re publication, including publisher';s contract with Claude Bragdon, November 20, 1915.
Folder 6. Verse. Printed materials re publication.
Folder 7. Appreciations of Adelaide Crapsey sent to Adelaide T. Crapsey, 1928-1945.
Folder 8. Printed material about Adelaide Crapsey, 1934-1988.
Folder 9. Newspaper clippings, 1934-1986.
Folder 10. Research: Karen Alkalay-Gut. Correspondence with Arthur H. Crapsey, Jr. and Jean Crapsey, 1985-1991, re research for biography on Adelaide Crapsey (see Alone in the Dawn: The Life of Adelaide Crapsey, call no. PS3505 .C89Za).
Folder 11. Research: Karen Alkalay-Gut. Printed material about Adelaide Crapsey, 1985-1990.
Folder 12. Research: Sister M. Edwardine. "Adelaide Crapsey: A Biographical Study." Thesis [1929] for Saint Francis Xavier School, bound typescript, 41pp.
Folder 13. Research: Hideo Kawanami. Correspondence with Arthur H. Crapsey, Jr., 1958-1959.
Folder 14. Research: Hideo Kawanami. Newspaper clippings re his research on Adelaide Crapsey, 1959-1966.
Folder 15. Research: Mary Elizabeth Osborn. Correspondence and reviews re her biography of Adelaide Crapsey, 1927-1933.
Folder 16. Research: Nathaniel Schmidt, Cornell University. "Adelaide Crapsey." Bound typescript, 5pp, no date. 2 copies.
Folder 17. Research: Susan Sutton Smith. Correspondence with Arthur H. Crapsey, Jr. and Jean Crapsey, 1970-1978.
Folder 18. Research: Susan Sutton Smith. Printed material about Adelaide Crapsey, 1970-1978.
Folder 19. Miscellaneous research notes, unidentified.
Box 2: Adelaide Trowbridge Crapsey and Trowbridge Family
Adelaide Trowbridge Crapsey
Folder 1. Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1930-1939.
Folder 2. Correspondence: letters of condolence at death of Algernon S. Crapsey, 1927-1928.
Folder 3. Poem written by Algernon S. Crapsey for Adelaide T. Crapsey';s 37th birthday, March 7, 1892. 9 printed copies.
Folder 4. "My Garden" booklet re Averill Avenue garden at Crapsey family home, including photographs, early and printed layouts, ca.1938.
Folder 5. Adelaide T. Crapsey Co.: printed material and ephemera, 1922 and undated.
Folder 6. Newspaper clippings, including obituaries, 1935-1950.
Trowbridge Family, Catskill, NY:
Folder 7. Family historical information.
Folder 8. Journal written by Harriet Trowbridge when Adelaide, Philip, and Emily Crapsey visited Catskill, NY, 1888.
Folder 9. Velvet folder made by Harriet Trowbridge, containing service used for Crapsey family funeral sermons, including Adelaide Crapsey (1914) and Algernon S. Crapsey (1928).
Folder 10. Newspaper clippings, 1933.
Folder 11. Catskill, NY: printed material and engraving of village of Catskill, 1839.
Box 3: Algernon S. Crapsey
Folder 1. Correspondence to Algernon S. Crapsey (arranged alphabetically), 1895-1927. Includes several letters from notable individuals (see Appendix).
Folder 2. Printed appreciations, commemorations, and essays about Algernon S. Crapsey.
Folder 3. Newspaper clippings: obituaries, 1928.
Folder 4. Newspaper clippings: miscellaneous, 1894-1967. Includes clippings of Bishop James A. Pike';s heresy trial (1965) and memorial tribute to Algernon S. Crapsey (1967).
Folder 5. The Brotherhood: printed materials, annual reports, histories, and fiftieth anniversary tributes, 1908-1930.
Folder 6. Printed material by Algernon S. Crapsey, 1899-1923.
Folder 7. The Last of the Heretics. Book reviews, 1924.
Folder 8. The Last of the Heretics. Manuscript of material not included in book, typescript, 135pp.
Box 4: Crapsey Family
Folder 1. Algernon S. Crapsey, Jr.: Baptism certificate, November 1, 1884; Record of transfer of book (identity unknown) from Algernon S. Crapsey, December 18, 1922.
Folder 2. Arthur H. Crapsey, Sr.: Correspondence from Esther Lowenthal, 1951; Newspaper clipping, 1955.
Folder 3. Arthur H. Crapsey, Jr.: Correspondence from Philip Clark, 1970 (see also Box 1, folders 10, 13, and 17; Box 4, folder 6).
Folder 4. Emily Margaret Crapsey: Kemper Hall Kodak, valedictory, 1896.
Folder 5. Marie Louise Crapsey: "The Flag Tree," short story, no date.
Folder 6. Paul Crapsey: Correspondence to Arthur H. Crapsey, Jr. and Jean Crapsey, 1958-1961. Includes reminiscences of Adelaide Crapsey and Crapsey family history.
Folder 7. Paul Crapsey: Miscellaneous manuscript materials, including note to Adelaide T. Crapsey and poem for Carmen Crapsey, no date.
Folder 8. Paul Crapsey: Printed material and newspaper clippings, including obituaries, 1909-1961.
Folder 9. Paul and Carmen Crapsey: Correspondence from Algernon S. Crapsey, 1918-1927; Miscellaneous correspondence, 1928.
Folder 10. Philip Crapsey: Military medals (his?). Five medals pinned on velvet backboard.
Folder 11. Ruth Crapsey: Printed memorial, June 23, 1898; Printed book of poems, no date.
Folder 12. Record of Crapsey family birth and death dates.
Box 5: Miscellaneous Individuals and Locations
Folder 1. Esther Lowenthal: "Labor Policy of Oneida Community Ltd.," reprint of essay, 1927; Newspaper clipping, 1946; Photographs of home in Northampton, MA, no date.
Folder 2. John R. Slater: Poetry verses and correspondence memorializing Adelaide Crapsey. Includes photograph of memorial plaque placed at 678 Averill Avenue, site of Crapsey family home (see Box 10 for actual plaque).
Folder 3. Averill Avenue: "The Builders of the House," poem, March 3, 1908, 9 printed copies; Printed essays about the history of the Crapsey family home at 678 Averill Avenue, 1967.
Folder 4. St. Andrew';s Church, Rochester, NY: St. Andrew';s Record, 1886, 1889-1890 (bound), 1892, 1897-1898; Newspaper clipping, no date.
Folder 5. Trinity Church, New York, NY: Manuscript essays and printed material about the parish, 1840-1932.
Box 6: Photographs
Crapsey Family:
Folder 1. Adelaide Crapsey. Includes framed passport photograph, 1908 (see also Box 9).
Folder 2. Adelaide Trowbridge Crapsey. Includes photo of Harriet Gunn Trowbridge (see also Box 8, drawer 1).
Folder 3. Adelaide T. Crapsey Co. staff.
Folder 4. Algernon S. Crapsey.
Folder 5. Algernon S. Crapsey, Jr. (see also Box 8, drawers 2 and 3).
Folder 6. Arthur H. Crapsey, Sr.
Folder 7. Emily Crapsey (see also Box 8, drawer 5 and Box 7).
Folder 8. Paul and Carmen Crapsey (see also Box 8, drawer 4).
Folder 9. Philip T. Crapsey (see also Box 8, drawer 4).
Folder 10. Crapsey family group (see also Box 7).
Folder 11. Non-family members and unidentified. Includes portraits of Andrew Carnegie and George Foster Peabody.
Folder 12. Averill Avenue, Crapsey family home. Includes interior and exterior photographs of the house and garden (see also Box 7 and Box 9).
Folder 13. St. Andrew's Church, interior.
Folder 14. Negatives, including Crapsey family members and Averill Avenue garden.
Folder 15. Photocopies of Crapsey family photographs.
Box 7: Oversize Photographs
Adelaide T. Crapsey Co. factory, exterior.
Averill Avenue, Crapsey family home, exterior, 1911-1912 (see also Box 6, folder 12 and Box 9)
Averill Avenue, garden rose walk, 1911-1912 (see also Box 6, folder 12 and Box 9).
Averill Avenue, garden cedar walk, 1911-1912 (see also Box 6, folder 12 and Box 9).
Averill Avenue, garden enclosure, 1911-1912 (see also Box 6, folder 12 and Box 9).
Mt. Hope Cemetery, Rochester, NY. Ruth and Emily Crapsey';s gravesite, 1901.
St. Luke's Church, Catskill, NY, interior.
Crapsey family group (see also Box 6, folder 10).
Mamie Kingel.
Spencer Trask.
Box 8: Early Photographs
Other c level: Otherlevel with otherlevel: Drawer
Adelaide Trowbridge Crapsey (as a child), ambrotype (see also Box 6, folder 2).
Harriet Gunn Trowbridge (as a child), ambrotype (see also Box 6, folder 2).
Other c level: Otherlevel with otherlevel: Drawer
Algernon S. Crapsey, Jr. (as a child), bowed glass, removed from frame (see also Box 6, folder 5).
Arthur Hunt Trowbridge (as a child, 1859), ambrotype.
Other c level: Otherlevel with otherlevel: Drawer
Algernon S. Crapsey, Jr. (as a child), bowed glass, framed (see also Box 6, folder 5).
Other c level: Otherlevel with otherlevel: Drawer
Philip T. Crapsey and Paul B. Crapsey (as children), tintype (see also Box 6, folders 8 and 9).
Other c level: Otherlevel with otherlevel: Drawer
Emily Crapsey, milk glass photograph and glass negative (see also Box 6, folder 7 and Box 7).
Box 9: Photographs
Adelaide Crapsey, passport photo [1908]; Adelaide Crapsey with John Burroughs [1901?] (see also Box 6, folder 1).
Averill Avenue garden: 6 glass negatives, 1936 (see also Box 6, folder 12 and Box 7).
Box 10: Ephemera: Adelaide Crapsey
Signatures of Adelaide Crapsey, clipped from personal checks (see also Box 1, Folder 3).
Personal calling cards of Adelaide Crapsey, 40 cards.
Folder Memorial plaque for Adelaide Crapsey, dedicated in 1960 at former site of 678 Averill Avenue (removed from site in 1999).
Box 11: Ephemera: Diplomas, Certificates, and Military Commissions
Folder Adelaide Crapsey: Diploma, Vassar College, June 12, 1901.
Algernon S. Crapsey: Diploma, Doctor of Theology, November 11, 1900.
Philip T. Crapsey: Certificate of Commission, Second Lieutenant, National Guard of New York State, February 14, 1900. Signed by Theodore Roosevelt, Governor of NY.
Philip T. Crapsey: Certificate of Full and Honorable Discharge from the National Guard of New York State, Second Lieutenant, March 6, 1903.
Ferne Blanche Hincher (Ferne Hincher Crapsey): Certificate from Homeopathic Training School for Nurses, Rochester Homeopathic Hospital, January 24, 1914.
Ferne Blanche Hincher (Ferne Hincher Crapsey): Certificate of Licensed Registered Nurse, University of the State of New York, April 7, 1914.
Ferne Blanche Hincher (Ferne Hincher Crapsey): Certificate of Registered Nurse, State of New York, January 26, 1916.
Ferne Hincher Crapsey: Certificate of Registration, Registered Nurse, April 29, 1930.
Box 12: Book Collection
Botsford, George Willis. An Ancient History for Beginners. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1905. Personal copy of Adelaide Crapsey, with her signature and notes in margins.
Drinkwater, John. Victorian Poetry. New York: George H. Doran Company, 1924.
Hearn, Lafcadio. Letters from the Raven: Being the Correspondence of Lafcadio Hearn and Henry Watkin. New York: Brentano';s, 1907. Personal copy of Adelaide Crapsey, with her initials and date.
The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments. New York: Thomas Nelson Sons, 1901. Full morocco, containing entries of Crapsey family births and deaths.
Jones, Llewellyn. First Impressions: Essays on Poetry, Criticism, and Prosody. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1925. Contains a chapter on Adelaide Crapsey and inscribed by author to Algernon S. Crapsey, "To ';the last of the heretics'; to whom one chapter at least will appeal"New York, Oct. 1, [19]25."
Proceedings of the New York State Conference of Religion, Volume 1, November, 1900. New York; Rahway, NJ: Thomas Whittaker; The Mershon Company Press. Contains address by Algernon Crapsey, p.157.
Rogers, Rochester H. Nathaniel. Boston: The Christopher Publishing House, 1950. Contains a chapter on Algernon S. Crapsey.
Wordsworth, William. The Complete Poetical Works. London: Macmillan and Co., 1894. Contains signatures of Emily Crapsey, Adelaide Crapsey, and Jean Webster.
SCRAPBOOKS (stored in flat Boxes):
Folder 1. Photograph album of Crapsey family, Rochester, NY and other locales, circa late 1890s.
Folder 2. Scrapbook of clippings re the heresy case against Algernon S. Crapsey, 1906. Also contains photographs and letters, including ALS from Thomas W. Higginson.
Folder 3. Scrapbook of clippings re Algernon S. Crapsey, including book reviews and obituaries, ca.1921-1928.
Folder 4. Photograph album of Carmen W. Crapsey that includes photographs of Crapsey family members, etc., ca.1919.
Folder 5. Scrapbook of clippings and photographs re Algernon S. Crapsey, St. Andrew';s Church, family members, etc., ca.1900-1907.
Folder 6. Scrapbook of photographs, letters, clippings, and printed ephemera re Crapsey family, St. Andrew';s Church, deaths of Emily Crapsey (1901) and Philip T. Crapsey (1907). Includes 3 manuscripts of Adelaide Crapsey.
Folder 7. Scrapbook kept by Adelaide T. Crapsey of newspaper articles, photographs, and printed ephemera, ca.1921-1931. Includes TLS from General John J. Pershing.
Folder 8. Photograph album of Crapsey family, 1926.
Folder 9. Photograph album of pictures of Adelaide T. Crapsey Co., including photographs of workers and others, ca.1915.
Folder 10. Scrapbook of photographs, clippings, and letters re Adelaide T. Crapsey Co., ca.1917-1932.
Folder 11. Scrapbook of newspaper clippings re Street Railway strike in Albany, NY, May 1901. Philip Crapsey participated as a member of the NY Infantry, Company A. Also includes clippings and other printed items re Albany Zouave Cadets, 1901.
Folder 12. Scrapbook of photographs and printed ephemera re NY Infantry, Company A and their participation in the Spanish-American War (1898), training in Hawaii, and the Albany Street Railway Strike (1901). Includes Company A ephemera, 7 unused Hawaiian stamps, Adirondack photographs, Albany Railway strike photographs, and ephemera.
Folder 13. Scrapbook of Philip Crapsey re NY Infantry Company A, including newspaper clippings, printed ephemera, and letters, 1900-1901.
Folder 14. Scrapbook as above (Scrapbook 13), 1902-?

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