Clifford Bax Papers

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Clifford Bax papers
Creator: Bax, Clifford, 1886-1962
Call Number: D.254
Dates: 1916-1957
Physical Description: .25 Cubic feet
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Subject(s)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Access
Use
Citation
Content List
Collection Overview
Title: Clifford Bax papers
Creator: Bax, Clifford, 1886-1962
Call Number: D.254
Dates: 1916-1957
Physical Description: .25 Cubic feet
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Clifford Bax (1886-1962) was a prolific playwright, poet, editor, lyricist, translator and essayist. Born into an affluent London family on July 13, 1886, Bax was the third son of Arthur Ridley and Charlotte Ellen Lea Bax. His uncle Belfort Bax was a noted philosopher and his brother Arnold a composer. In pursuit of an early ambition to paint, Bax studied art at the Slade School and then, the Heatherly Art School. Abandoning painting for verse and drama, Bax lived and travelled abroad from 1904-1906, learning languages and gaining a wider experience he felt would aid his work.

On a trip to Dublin in 1906, Bax met "A.E.," George William Russell, the "poet of theosophy." The two discussed starting a magazine that would bring the arts and theosophy together. In 1909, Bax realized the idea with the publication of a quarterly journal, Orpheus. The journal would appear steadily until 1912. In 1910 he married Gwendolyn Bishop, with whom he had a daughter in 1911. The family moved to rural Wiltshire in 1912. From 1912-14, Bax wrote seven plays, four of which were produced, and five of which appeared in print for the first time in Orpheus. The Baxes moved back to London in 1916. Writing during the day, Bax worked at Whitehall as a news censor in the Press Bureau at night. From 1922 to 1924, Bax edited the periodical The Golden Hind, which presented work of graphic and literary art. The autobiographical Inland Far was published in 1925. Following the death of his first wife in 1926, he married Vera May Young in 1927.

From 1917 to 1937, Bax produced a large number of plays in addition to poetry, criticism, biography and a novel. In addition, he was a founder (1919-1926) of the Phoenix Society, whose aim was to revive important Elizabethan and Restoration drama, and, in 1929, was elected chairman of the Incorporated Stage Society. Aside from the theatre, his interests included music, antiquities, Buddhism, theosophy, and Eastern philosophy generally. Bax died on November 18, 1962.

Scope and Content
The correspondence, nearly all of which is to other writers, discusses the work both correspondents have in progress and their reactions to various plays. A letter to Ellis discusses Bax's Victorian upbringing; the Kilgour correspondence is centered around the Playwrights' Club; the Lafitte Cyon letters make frequent mention of Meum Stewart. The manuscript genealogical materials trace the Tingle and Lea branches of the Bax family; their compiler is unknown.

The diaries cover many topics: the earliest (1916-23) volume includes Bax's feelings about his work, his collaborators, and his various personal and professional relationships; the second (1934-57) begins aboard an ocean liner bound for the U.S., continues through his return to England, his experiences during the Second World War, his and other writers' work, and his health.

Subject(s):
Correspondence
Diaries
Bax, Clifford, 1886-1962
Hill, Brian, 1896-1979
Delisle, Françoise Roussel
Dramatists, English
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Purchased in April 1974 (Bax-Hill letters) and June 1984 on the Wilson Fund.Access
The Clifford Bax papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Clifford Bax papers, D.254, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL:


Content List
Box 1, Folder 1Correspondence to Havelock Ellis; (3 a.l.s.), 1931 and no date
Box 1, Folder 2Correspondence to Eric Gillett; (7 a.l.s.), 1941, 1949 and no date
Box 1, Folder 3Correspondence to Dorothy Hewlett (Mrs. Norman Kilgour); (10 a.l.s.), 1949 - 1951, no date
Box 1, Folder 4Correspondence to Brian Hill; (12 a.l.s.), 1943 - 1959
March 2, 1943
April 14, 1943
August 31, 1943
November 30, 1943
June 16, 1945
June 18, 1945
[1946]
May 20, 1948
October 25, 1952
October 30, 1956
February 24, 1959
No date
Box 1, Folder 5Correspondence to Norman Kilgour; (7 a.l.s.), 1938, no date November 27, 1938
Includes program for The Love of Ming-y at Phoenix Theatre

Box 1, Folder 6Correspondence to Francoise Lafitte Cyon (38 a.l.s.), 1943 - 1952
July 12, 1943
July 21, 1943
July 30, 1943
August 15, 1943
no date [1943]
September 20, 1943
no date [1943]
no date [1943]
September 28, 1943
October 8, 1943
January 13, 1944
February 24, 1944
April 13, 1944
April 26, 1944
June 23, [1944]
no date [1944]
June 26, 1944
August 9, 1944
December 4, [1944]
December 20, 1944
June 16, 1945
May 1, 1945
May 5, 1945
May 7, 1945
July 1, [1945]
September 8, 1945
October 14, 1945
October 21, 1945
[1945]
December 10, 1945
August 15, 1946
January 13, 1947
February 8, 1947
April 25, 1947
June 19, 1947
November 22, 1947
January 17, 1950
May 22, 1952
Box 1, Folder 7Correspondence to Nancy Price, (1 a.l.s., 1 t.l.s.)
Box 1, Folder 8Correspondence to miscellaneous (2 a.l.s, 2 t.l.s.)
"dear Horatia"
to Ian MacAlister, 13 December 1935
to Miss Martin, 20 October [no year]
"dear Sir", 11 September 1931
Box 1, Folder 9Genealogical notes
Box 1, Folder 10Diary, December 1916 - January 1923
Box 1, Folder 11Diary, 1934-1937; 1941-1943; 1948; 1957
Box 1, Folder 12"Poems Written Since the Publication of A House of Words", circa 1921
Begins on page 30 with "Proteus," continues with "Rejoinder," "the Himalayas," "Nel Mezzo del Cammin," ends on page 45 with "Flotsam."



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