Franklin Florence Papers

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Franklin Florence papers
Creator: Florence, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933-2023
Call Number: D.167
Dates: 1962-1972
Physical Description: 23 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Related Materials
Content List
Series I: Reynolds Street Church of Christ
Church Structure and Outreach
Membership Committee
Building and Grounds Committee
Series II: Social and Political Action
Rochester Area Churches
FIGHT - Eastman Kodak Company dispute
FIGHT: Jobs and Job Training
FIGHT Education
FIGHT Urban Development and Housing
FIGHT Financial
FIGHT Correspondence
Action for a Better Community (ABC)
Rochester Jobs Incorporated (RJI)
Model Cities Incorporated
Rochester Northeast Development of Model Cities Incorporated (RNED)
RNED Education
RNED Correspondence with Staff Members
RNED Financial
Race and Civil Rights
Magazines and Newspapers
Audio Recordings
Collection Overview
Title: Franklin Florence papers
Creator: Florence, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933-2023
Call Number: D.167
Dates: 1962-1972
Physical Description: 23 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Florence was born in the segregated South on August 9th, 1933, in Miami, Florida, to Hozel and Bertha Florence. At age 16, Florence was drawn to the ministry by the influential Church of Christ evangelist Marshall Keeble. Florence attended Nashville Christian Institute from 1948-1952, a black elementary and secondary school affiliated with the Church of Christ, where he met Mary, his future wife. He attended Pepperdine College in Los Angeles (also affiliated with the Church of Christ) for two years before returning to Florida. He was ordained a minister in West Palm Beach, where he became the pastor of the 18th Street Church of Christ. Minister Florence, at the age of 25, was recruited to become the pastor of the Reynolds Street Church of Christ in Rochester, NY, where he moved with his wife and children in 1959.

During this time, Florence emerged as a prominent civil rights leader and advocate of black power. In the early 1960s, Florence developed a friendship with Malcolm X, who spoke in Rochester shortly before his assassination. Florence also arrived in Rochester during widespread discrimination against Black residents. Redlining policies aimed at segregating Black people codified intentional efforts to limit mobility in the city and beyond. Most Black residents lived in the 3rd and 7th wards, overwhelmingly lacking resources, infrastructure, and respect from city officials. These neighborhoods were labeled as slums or uninhabitable, even as people continued building lives and futures there. Rochester's businesses and industries were also notorious for discriminatory employment practices, making it difficult for Black individuals in Rochester to build wealth. The issues around housing, employment, and policing purposely went unanswered by city officials. On July 24th, 1964, Rufus Fairwell, a Black man, was arrested on Joseph Avenue, residents of the 7th ward, who had enough of the dehumanizing tactics of the city, responded.

The Board of Urban Ministry (BUM), a local Protestant clergy, acknowledged the need for more religious involvement around the racial uprising and encouraged black religious leaders to organize their community. The ministers initially invited the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to come to Rochester to initiate a campaign. SCLC sent delegates to Rochester to appraise the situation and recommended that the Board turn to the Chicago-based Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF) and its "radical" leader Saul Alinsky.

The bid to bring Alinsky to Rochester was met with fierce opposition by many. Amid the controversy, Alinsky sent two of his associates, Ed Chambers and Ron Jones, to the Flower City to begin organizing the Black community. For Alinsky, it was paramount that communities organize themselves. Florence led the steering committee of the newly formed community-based Black activist organization named FIGHT, an acronym for Freedom, Integration, God, Honor, Today (the "I" was changed in 1967 to stand for "Independence"). Florence was formally elected president of FIGHT at the first annual FIGHT convention in June 1965. He held the presidency from 1965-1967 and again in 1968.

Rochester was typical of many northern cities where Black people moved from the south to the north during the period of the Great Migration (ca.1950s-1970s). The rise in population and systemic racism led to social unrest. FIGHT's mission was to address segregation in Rochester and the social problems that resulted from it, such as inadequate housing, education, and employment opportunities. FIGHT insisted that greater black representation exist in other anti-poverty agencies like the city-controlled Action for a Better Community (ABC). While these platforms increased Florence and his organization's recognition locally, when FIGHT took on Rochester's largest employer, the Eastman Kodak Company, in 1966, they stepped into the national limelight.

As part of FIGHT's ongoing effort to expand employment opportunities for Black people, the organization demanded that Kodak implement a job training program and hire 500-600 newly trained Black Rochester residents as part of their workforce. These demands triggered a two-year controversy between FIGHT and Kodak. The FIGHT campaign was a significant attempt to challenge rooted patterns of institutional and economic discrimination in the north during a critical period of transition and reassessment for civil rights nationally. FIGHT pressured Kodak to incorporate inclusive hiring practices to expand the notion of civil rights in the wake of national legislation ending segregation in 1964 and 1965. The campaign is well documented in Florence's papers. Kodak and FIGHT eventually reached an agreement in the summer of 1967, and in the interim, Rochester Jobs Incorporated (RJI) was formed with Florence as vice president. RJI, created by a group of interdenominational clergymen in March 1967, aimed to connect people with training and jobs. Although it did not diffuse the FIGHT-Kodak controversy, RJI successfully placed over 700 people in positions within eight months of its creation.

Bernard Gifford succeeded Florence as president of FIGHT in 1969; however, he remained a social and political activist in Rochester and beyond. Serving as an observer and advocate for prisoners during the Attica uprising in 1971. Along with his continued participation in FIGHT, Florence was involved with the Rochester anti-poverty agency Action for Better Community (ABC), the Model Cities Program, the Rochester Northeast Development Corporation (RNED), and two low- to moderate-income housing initiatives, FIGHT Village and FIGHT Square.

ABC was funded primarily through the Federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, which allocated money through the state. During its early years, Florence and FIGHT accused ABC of failing to represent Rochester's poorest citizens. By 1966, Minister Florence was on the Board of Directors as well as participating in two of ABC's committees. Over the years, FIGHT and ABC would come to work together on various campaigns.

The Model Cities Program was a federally funded operation to revive selected neighborhoods in various US cities. In 1968 Rochester had three proposed Model Cities projects. FIGHT announced it would only support the Model Cities program if it had control of the planning process. FIGHT elected a Model Cities Board that they felt represented people with low incomes in the three city wards targeted by the program.

RNED arose from the desire for meaningful citizen participation in the Model Cities Program. To ensure an equal partnership between the City of Rochester and the Model Neighborhood Council, 36 voting members of the council formed RNED as an advocacy group for the council. RNED was incorporated on August 6th, 1969. Minister Florence became its executive director the following year. As well as addressing housing issues, RNED became involved in various education campaigns, including the federally funded Talent Search program.

Minister Florence was instrumental in founding the Central Church of Christ in Rochester, New York in 1970. The church is active today under the leadership of his son Rev. Clifford Florence. Franklin Florence passed away in February 2023, and his legacy will live on in the people and the community he served and through the positive changes he made through his powerful beliefs and unrelenting voice, anchored in faith and in justice.

Scope and Content
The Franklin Florence papers, 1962-1972, chronicle Florence's religious and political endeavors. The collection has two main series: church and social activism. There is overlap, as Florence and other Rochester Ministers saw their role as clergymen as requiring them to be involved in social justice issues. There are sermons, speeches, press releases, and personal correspondence written by Minister Florence. The bulk of the collection consists of official agency correspondence, budgets, and proposals. Some of the material has been photocopied due to water and mold damage. Originals have been kept wherever possible.

The Florence papers contain publications from various organizations nationwide and articles from magazines and journals reflecting his interest and involvement in race relations, poverty, urban development, and other social justice issues, as well as the war in Vietnam and the uprising at Attica State Prison. Florence was active on the Observer Committee as a negotiator following the Attica uprising. He delivered one of his most effective speeches while being held with other observers in the compound.

The documents from FIGHT are primarily from the early years when Florence was the president and include documents from the conventions and steering meetings specific to FIGHT campaigns. Also included are Florence's records of FIGHTON, the Black-owned and operated metal stamping plant that came about through the planning of FIGHT, Xerox, and the Rochester Business Opportunities Corporation (RBOC).

Additionally, there are papers concerning Action for a Better Community (ABC), the Concentrated Employment Program (CEP), Operation Mainstream, RNED, and UNITED Incorporated, a consulting firm established by Minister Florence and Ron Jones (FIGHT organizer and a member of RNED). CEP was a federally funded program sponsored by RJI and was the parent organization for Operation Mainstream, which provided, in part, the funding for FIGHTON.

New York (State)--Rochester
Press releases
Florence, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933-2023
Freedom, Integration, God, Honor, Today (Organization)
African American clergy
Civil rights workers
African American civil rights workers
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Minister Franklin D. Florence, 1980.Access
The Franklin Florence papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Franklin Florence papers, D.167, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
Researchers interested in the early days of FIGHT should also consult the collection of papers on the Rochester Race Riots (D.185) .

Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055

Content List
Series I: Reynolds Street Church of Christ
Church Structure and Outreach
Box 1, Folder 1Programs and Newsletters, 1960-1963, 1968-1969
Box 1, Folder 2Church By-Laws
Box 1, Folder 3Leadership Training, late 1960s
Membership Committee
Box 1, Folder 4Membership Committee and Training, 1966-1969
Box 1, Folder 5Plan for Senior Citizen Sunday, August 10, 1969
Box 1, Folder 6Membership and Visitation Lists, 1959-1972
Box 1, Folder 7New Member Packet
Box 1, Folder 8Personal/Evangelism Program
Box 1, Folder 9Correspondence: Removal of fellowship of Edgar D. Brown, 1962-1964
Box 1, Folder 10Letters concerning problems with Northside Congregation membership, 1961-1966
Box 1, Folder 11Efficiency Committee, 1969
Box 1, Folder 12Worship Committee, 1968-1969
Building and Grounds Committee
Box 2, Folder 1Building and Grounds Committee, 1964-1969
Box 2, Folder 2Correspondence with other churches, building fund, 1961
Box 2, Folder 3Correspondence: New building plans and contract with The Paden Company, 1964-1968
Box 2, Folder 4Purchase orders for building and subcontract agreements, 1964-1965
Box 2, Folder 5Receipts: materials purchased for building, 1964-1965
Box 2, Folder 6Receipts: materials purchased for building, 1964-1965
Box 2, Folder 7Records of building costs, 1964-1965
Box 2, Folder 8Building fund correspondence, 1964-1971
Box 2, Folder 9Building Committee: Peace Memorial Building, 1962-1964
Box 2, Folder 10Teacher training and meetings, 1966-1968
Box 2, Folder 11Training class for young men
Box 2, Folder 12Sunday School, youth program, 1962-1969
Box 2, Folder 13Adult Bible Study
Box 3, Folder 1Parent education: family program
Box 3, Folder 2Lessons: teens and adults
Box 3, Folder 3Bible school records, 1958-1961
Box 3, Folder 4Vacation Bible School sign up
Box 3, Folder 5Baccalaureate service, Class of 1961, N.C.I. (Nashville Christian Institute), May 28, 1961
Box 3, Folder 6Batsell Baxter Radio, Church of Christ, Nashville, Tennessee, 1953-1954
Box 3, Folder 7Batsell Baxter Radio, Church of Christ, Nashville, Tennessee, 1954-1955
Box 3, Folder 8Sermons not written by Franklin Florence
Box 3, Folder 9Notes and Sermons: Franklin Florence
Box 4, Folder 1"The Role of the Church in Times of Revolution"
Box 4, Folder 2"Verses of Scripture"
Box 4, Folder 3"Verses of Scripture"
Box 4, Folder 4Prayer team booklet
Box 4, Folder 5Church bulletins, 1968-1973
Box 4, Folder 6Announcements, 1961-1969
Box 4, Folder 7Financial Committee, 1962-1969
Box 4, Folder 8Financial reports and budget proposals, 1966-1969
Box 4, Folder 9Bank statements and cancelled checks, 1964-1972
Box 4, Folder 10Bank statements and cancelled checks, 1962-1973
Box 4, Folder 11Records of weekly offerings, 1961-1964
Box 4, Folder 12Receipts, bills, past due notices, 1960-1972
Box 4, Folder 14The Bond Program
Box 4, Folder 15Correspondence: Bond fund, Nashville Securities Inc., 1964-1965
Box 5, Folder 1Correspondence: Bond fund, national and general plan, Fort Worth, Texas, 1964-1969
Box 5, Folder 2Correspondence: Bond fund, Leake, Henry, Gorden, Burrow and Potts- Attorneys at law, 1964-1968
Box 5, Folder 3Payroll: Paden Co. and Reynolds St. Church, 1962-1965
Box 5, Folder 4Miscellaneous financial, 1965-1970
Box 5, Folder 5Central Ladies Class, women in church, 1968-1972
Box 5, Folder 6Chorus
Box 5, Folder 7Meetings and reports, 1961-1969
Box 5, Folder 8Church of Christ: bulletins and publications, 1961-1969
Box 5, Folder 9Church of Christ: bulletins and publications, 1960-1969
Box 5, Folder 10Church of Christ: bulletins and publications, 1960-1969
Box 5, Folder 11Publications and materials from other churches, 1958-1972
Box 6, Folder 1Publications and materials from other churches, 1958-1972
Box 6, Folder 2Religious publications, worship planning, 1961-1971
Box 6, Folder 3Religious publications, worship planning, 1961-1971
Box 6, Folder 4Catalogs
Box 6, Folder 5Fall Revival, 1969
Box 6, Folder 6Correspondence, 1957-1972
Box 6, Folder 7Literature and notes on Roman Catholicism, 1960
Box 6, Folder 8Radio and newspaper advertising, 1961-1973
Box 7, Folder 1Administrative documents from other churches, 1964-1965
Box 7, Folder 2Photographs
Box 7, Folder 3Miscellaneous
Series II: Social and Political Action
Rochester Area Churches
Box 7, Folder 4Statements on Rochester Race Riots, 1964-1965
Box 7, Folder 5Race and the church, 1961-1969
Box 7, Folder 6Rochester Area Ministers Conference, 1966-1969
Box 7, Folder 7Board for Urban Ministry, a part of the Rochester Area Council of Churches, 1964-1969
Box 7, Folder 8Rochester Area Council of Churches, 1964-1969
Box 7, Folder 9Catholic Interracial Council, Diocese and Bishop's Task Force, U.S. Catholic Conference, David Finks, 1967-1971
Box 7, Folder 10Presbyterian Interracial Council, 1967
Box 7, Folder 11"Development of a Protestant Work Ethic", 1967-1968
Box 7, Folder 12Correspondence, 1964-1971
Box 7, Folder 13Black Churches of Rochester
Box 7, Folder 14Rochester Churches, 1967-1972
Box 8, Folder 1Saul Alinsky and the Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF), 1967-1966
Box 8, Folder 2NBC Newscast: Alinsky and Florence, March 19, 1967
Box 8, Folder 3FIGHT Convention, constitution, delegates caucus, member groups, June 11, 1965
Box 8, Folder 4FIGHT Convention, June 14, 1966
Box 8, Folder 5FIGHT Convention, June 23, 1967
Box 8, Folder 6Delegates Council, September 24, 1968
Box 8, Folder 7FIGHT Convention, October 7, 1969
Box 8, Folder 8FIGHT Conventions, constitution, and press release from Andrew Carter, 1970-1972
Box 8, Folder 9FIGHT: policies and Issues, 1967
Box 8, Folder 10FIGHT committees, 1966
Box 8, Folder 11FIGHT publications: "The Fighter," and "Tribute to Malcolm X", 1967
Box 8, Folder 12FIGHT steering committee meetings and minutes, 1965
Box 8, Folder 13FIGHT steering committee meetings and minutes, 1966-1968
Box 8, Folder 14FIGHT steering committee meetings and minutes, 1969
Box 8, Folder 15FIGHT steering, undated
Box 8, Folder 16Administration, 1967-1969
Box 8, Folder 17Personnel correspondence and press statements
Box 22, Object 1FIGHT Banner
FIGHT - Eastman Kodak Company dispute
Box 9, Folder 1FIGHT - Kodak dispute, 1966
Box 9, Folder 2FIGHT - Kodak dispute, 1967
Box 9, Folder 3FIGHT - Kodak, "Focus on Flemington", April 1967
Box 9, Folder 4Articles and newspaper clippings regarding Kodak dispute, 1967
Box 9, Folder 5"Kodak, FIGHT, and the Definition of Civil Rights in Rochester, NY: 1966-67", Fall 1997
Written by R. Wadhwani. Published in The Historian, Fall 1997.

Box 9, Folder 6FIGHT - Kodak dispute, 1968
FIGHT: Jobs and Job Training
Box 9, Folder 7FIGHT J.O.B.S. program proposal, May 9, 1968
Box 9, Folder 8FIGHT job training, 1966-1968
Box 9, Folder 9Affirmative Action program for the Rochester area, 1971
Box 9, Folder 10FIGHT jobs: Job program with Sibleys, Star Market, A&P, 1968
Box 9, Folder 11Civil service job training program, 1966
Box 9, Folder 12Jobs: government programs and funding, 1968
Box 9, Folder 13Inner-City Welding, Ritter Pfaundler, 1967-1968
Box 9, Folder 14Self Determination Symposium, December 12, 1968
Box 9, Folder 15Jobs and job training, 1966-1971
Box 9, Folder 16Operation Mainstream, 1968-1969
See also CEP, folders 9:11 and 9:12.

Box 10, Folder 1FIGHTON proposal, "Operation Mainstream:" Joint Study, FIGHT and Xerox, June 21, 1968
Box 10, Folder 2FIGHTON proposal, "Operation Mainstream:" Joint Study, FIGHT and Xerox, June 21, 1968
Second copy.

Box 10, Folder 3FIGHTON by-laws and overview
Box 10, Folder 4Term loan agreement, 1968
Box 10, Folder 5Agreement with Xerox, 1968-1969
Box 10, Folder 6Meetings, Board of Directors, 1968-1969
Box 10, Folder 7Inter-office memorandum and memos, Xerox and FIGHTON, 1969
Box 10, Folder 8Financial statements, 1968-1969
Box 10, Folder 9"FIGHTON Today: Beginning of the Beginning"
Box 10, Folder 10Miscellaneous, 1969
Box 10, Folder 11Xerox training proposal, "Step Up", 1967-1968
Box 10, Folder 12 "Step Up," correspondence with Xerox, 1967-1969
FIGHT Education
Box 10, Folder 13FIGHT Education, 1966-1969
Box 11, Folder 1FIGHT and Rochester City School District, 1966-1970
Box 11, Folder 2Head Start Program, 1966
Box 11, Folder 3Reports and articles on education, 1960-1969
Box 11, Folder 4Speaking invitations, meetings, reports, 1966-1972
Box 11, Folder 5FIGHT Education miscellaneous, 1969
FIGHT Urban Development and Housing
Box 11, Folder 6FIGHT Urban Renewal, 1965-1968
Box 11, Folder 7"Moderate-Income and Low-Rent Housing Need and Demand in Rochester, N.Y.", October 1962
State publication.

Box 11, Folder 8Third Ward Urban Renewal Project, 1965-1969
Box 11, Folder 9"Third Ward Development Plan:" FIGHT Publication
Box 11, Folder 10Eleventh Ward urban renewal, 1969-1972
Box 11, Folder 11High Falls urban renewal, 1967
Box 11, Folder 13FIGHT Square, 1967-1969
Box 11, Folder 14Housing, miscellaneous, 1969
Box 12, Folder 1Local housing information from other organizations, 1963-1972
Box 12, Folder 2Proposal for "We, Ourselves:" Community Action Organization of Erie County Inc., September 1966
Box 12, Folder 3Report on resident participation in poverty program, correspondence from James Cunningham, 1966
Box 12, Folder 4Reading materials on urban renewal, poverty, housing
FIGHT Financial
Box 12, Folder 5Charities registration form
Box 12, Folder 6Project budget, Operation Mainstream
Box 12, Folder 7Receipts, creditor's notices, 1968-1969
Box 12, Folder 8Miscellaneous financials, 1966-1969
FIGHT Correspondence
Box 12, Folder 9Media contacts
Box 12, Folder 10State Supreme Court decision: FIGHT election, 1970
Box 12, Folder 11Speech to BUILD Organization in Buffalo, N.Y., 1967
Speech by Florence.

Box 12, Folder 12Write-ups on FIGHT
Box 12, Folder 13Press releases
Box 12, Folder 14Ron Jones, 1968-1969
Jones was an IAF consultant sent to Rochester by Alinsky.

Box 12, Folder 151964-1965
Box 12, Folder 161966
Box 12, Folder 171967
Box 12, Folder 181968
Box 12, Folder 191969
Box 13, Folder 11970-1971
Includes note from Mrs. Harper Sibley.

Box 13, Folder 21972
Box 13, Folder 3Undated correspondence
Box 13, Folder 4Telegrams, 1969
Includes telegram from Nelson Rockefeller.

Box 13, Folder 5FIGHT Miscellaneous
Box 13, Folder 6Newspaper clippings on FIGHT and FIGHT related issues, 1967-1969
News clippings are photocopied.

Box 13, Folder 7Friends of FIGHT, 1966-1968
Action for a Better Community (ABC)
Box 13, Folder 8ABC constitution, 1965-1967
Box 13, Folder 9Correspondence with New York State Office of Economic Development (OEO), 1966-1967
Box 13, Folder 10ABC Board of Directors, 1966-1969
Box 13, Folder 11Financial reports and funding information, 1966-1968
Box 13, Folder 12U.S. Department of Labor invoices, 1967-1968
Box 13, Folder 13Personnel, 1966-1967
Box 13, Folder 14Market Research Project, ABC and Urban League of Rochester, July-September 1971
Box 13, Folder 15Media representation, proposals to media, 1972
Box 13, Folder 16FIGHT proposition re: ABC
Box 13, Folder 17Elections, 1967-1968
Box 13, Folder 18Summer Program report
Box 14, Folder 1Summer youth opportunities, 1968-1971
Box 14, Folder 2Neighborhood Service Information Centers (NSIC), 1964-1969
Box 14, Folder 3NSIC health care, 1966-1971
Box 14, Folder 4New Careers Program, 1969
See also CEP.

Box 14, Folder 5Planned Variations Coalition, 1972
Box 14, Folder 6Miscellaneous, 1966-1972
Rochester Jobs Incorporated (RJI)
Box 14, Folder 7Formation of Rochester Jobs Inc. (RJI)
Box 14, Folder 8By-laws, working principles, 1967
Box 14, Folder 9Meetings of the Board of Directors, 1967-1971
Box 14, Folder 10Concentrated Employment Program (CEP), 1968-1969
See also Operation Mainstream and ABC.

Box 14, Folder 11CEP Contractors Invoices, 1968-1969
Box 14, Folder 12RJI miscellaneous, 1969-1971
Box 14, Folder 13Training Resources Incorporated (TRI)
TRI became RJI.

Box 14, Folder 14Rochester Business Opportunities Corporation (RBOC), 1968
Model Cities Incorporated
Box 14, Folder 15Model Cities and Citizen Participation - SCLC and FIGHT Grievances, 1967-1969
Box 14, Folder 16FIGHT Proposal for Economic Development of Model Cities Neighborhood
Box 14, Folder 17Model Cities Council Administration, Jeffrey Swain, 1971
Box 14, Folder 18HUD Planning Requirements, October 30, 1967
Box 14, Folder 19Model Neighborhood Area, 1970
Box 14, Folder 20Model Neighborhood Program - Baden Street Settlement House, 1963-1966
Box 14, Folder 21Montgomery Neighborhood Center, 1965-1969
Box 14, Folder 22Miscellaneous, 1970
Rochester Northeast Development of Model Cities Incorporated (RNED)
Box 15, Folder 1RNED Overview, Structure, By-laws, 1970-1971
Box 15, Folder 2Housing, 1966-1972
Box 15, Folder 3Proposed Housing Program with HWD Service Corporation, June-July 1971
Box 15, Folder 4Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 1968-1971
Box 15, Folder 5Land Lots Available after August due to Foreclosure, 1971
Box 15, Folder 6Tot Lot evaluations
Box 15, Folder 7Citizen Participation Project, 1970-1971
Box 15, Folder 8Training agreement: RNED and Model Cities, 1971
Box 15, Folder 9Grant money, 1971-1972
Box 15, Folder 10UTAP signed petitions
Box 15, Folder 11Security Guard Recruitment Program, 1971-1972
Box 15, Folder 12RNED board meetings, 1971-1972
Box 15, Folder 13Inter-office memos, 1971
Box 15, Folder 14Administration, 1970-1972
Box 15, Folder 15Mr. S.S. Huja, RNED Executive Director correspondence, 1970
Box 15, Folder 16Correspondence, 1971-1972
RNED Education
Box 16, Folder 1Application Information and Program Manual: "Talent Search, Upward Bound, Special Services," US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1972
Box 16, Folder 2Talent search: overview and proposals
Box 16, Folder 3Talent Search Advisory Council, 1971
Box 16, Folder 4Talent search annual report, June 30, 1971
Box 16, Folder 5Annual Report: Miami Dade Junior College talent search and University of New Hampshire talent search information, 1970-1971
Box 16, Folder 6Paperwork from other cities' talent search programs
Box 16, Folder 7Student Lists: RNED Talent Search Program, 1972
Box 16, Folder 8Educational Opportunities Program (EOP), March 2, 1972
Box 16, Folder 9Counselor Aide Program
Box 16, Folder 10Upward Bound Program, 1971
Box 16, Folder 11Learning Now Academy summer program, 1971
Box 16, Folder 12Learning Now Academy - Youth Opportunity Projects, 1971
Box 16, Folder 13Street Academy, 1968-1971
Box 16, Folder 14Right to Read Program, 1972
Box 16, Folder 15College Orientation Seminars
Box 16, Folder 16Paperwork for US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education, 1971
Box 16, Folder 17Education Committee, Parent Committee, 1972
Box 16, Folder 18Parent Association, 1971
Box 16, Folder 19Evaluations and Statistics: Education Programs, 1971
Box 16, Folder 20Information from the University of Rochester and the Rochester Institute of Technology
Box 16, Folder 21Information from other universities and "Black Studies" Programs, 1967-1971
Box 16, Folder 22Consolidation: Talent Search, Upward Bound, Special Services, EOP, 1971
Box 16, Folder 23RNED Education: office memos, 1971
Box 16, Folder 24Staff meetings, 1971
Box 16, Folder 25Personnel, 1970-1971
RNED Correspondence with Staff Members
Box 17, Folder 1James Winston, 1971-1972
Box 17, Folder 2James Cantrell, 1971
Box 17, Folder 3Rowena Monts, 1971
Box 17, Folder 4Ned Adams, 1971
Box 17, Folder 5Hubert Smith, 1971
Box 17, Folder 6Mary Farrar, 1971
Box 17, Folder 7Planning Research Associates (P/RA), 1971
Box 17, Folder 8P/RA financial dispute, 1971
Box 17, Folder 9Accounting, 1971
Box 17, Folder 10Grants, finances, 1971-1972
Box 17, Folder 11RNED miscellaneous, 1971
RNED Financial
Box 17, Folder 12Financial statements, 1970-1972
Box 17, Folder 13Pre-Christmas Ball, 1971
Box 17, Folder 14Receipts, bills, 1971-1972
Box 17, Folder 15Bank notices, 1970-1971
Box 17, Folder 16Expenditure authorization forms, 1971-1972
Box 17, Folder 17Disbursements, July 1971
Box 17, Folder 18Miscellaneous financials, 1971-1972
Box 17, Folder 19Purpose, overview
Box 17, Folder 20Client: Kentucky Fried Chicken, 1971
Box 17, Folder 21Client: Black Congressional Caucus, 1971
Box 17, Folder 22Work folder, budget
Box 17, Folder 23Funding, 1971
Box 17, Folder 24"Operation Breakthrough": Florence's bid for State Assembly 131st District, 1972
Box 17, Folder 25City elections
Race and Civil Rights
Box 17, Folder 26Florence on racial issues
Box 17, Folder 27"Race Relations '67: Where Do We Stand?" Rochester Times Union publication, 1967
Box 17, Folder 28SNCC literature, 1966-1968
Box 18, Folder 1Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) literature, 1966-1968
Box 18, Folder 2Black Panther literature, 1969
Box 18, Folder 3National Conference on Black Power, 1966
Box 18, Folder 4National Black Political Convention, Gary, Indiana, 1972
Box 18, Folder 5Articles on race and Civil Rights
Box 18, Folder 6Articles on race and Civil Rights, 1965-1968
Box 18, Folder 7Miscellaneous information and publications on Racial Issues, 1965-1969
Box 18, Folder 8Urban League of Rochester, 1964-1972
Box 18, Folder 9National Urban League, 1966-1969
Box 18, Folder 10Vietnam (Voters for Peace, SNCC and others), 1967-1973
Box 18, Folder 11Attica, 1969-1972
Box 18, Folder 12Welfare reform
Box 18, Folder 13"The Meaning of Rochester N.Y."
Box 18, Folder 14Petition to deny relicensing of WOKR Channel 13, ABC, 1972-1973
Box 18, Folder 15Charitable foundations: rules for collection of contributions
Box 18, Folder 16Community Police Evaluation Program
Box 18, Folder 17Neighborhood Health Council, 1968-1969
Box 18, Folder 18Miscellaneous health care, 1967-1972
Box 18, Folder 19Information on disabilities
Magazines and Newspapers
Box 19, Folder 1Magazines and listing of damaged publications, 1964-1971
Box 19, Folder 2Newspaper clippings, 1964-1968
Killens, John Oliver. "Explanation of the 'Black Psyche.'" The New York Times Magazine. 7 June 1964. 3 pp.
"Shriver Proposes School Changes." Democrat and Chronicle. 20 November 1966.1 p.
"Editorial: Segregation, Solomon." Democrat and Chronicle. 28 December 1966.1 p.
"Rochester: A City in Torment Hunts in Vain for Race Harmony." Miami Herald. 25 April 1967. 1 p.
"Dr. Cooper: The Ghetto's Great Need is a Sense of Community." The Brighton-Pittsford Post. 1 February 1968. 2 pp.
"US Jury Indicts 16 In Chicago Rioting." Publication unknown. 21 March 1968. 1 p.
"Former FIGHT president Florence to speak in Poplar Ridge Sunday." The Citizens-Advertiser. 2 May 1968. 1 p.
Boller, Charles. "Interfaith Body OKs Training." Democrat and Chronicle. 18 October 1968. 1 p.
"Advertisement: Rochester: Time for Thanks." Publication unknown. 20 November 1968. 1 p.
Wilson, Joyce. "FIGHT Raps Reading Test in Inner City." Democrat and Chronicle. 14 December 1968. 1 p.
Wilson, Joyce. "Push Is on for Inner-City School Control." Democrat and Chronicle. 17 December 1968. 1 p.
Wilson, Joyce. "'Third R' Trips Third Graders." Democrat and Chronicle. 18 December 1968. 1 p.
Box 19, Folder 3Colgate Rochester Divinity School Occupation photocopied newspaper articles, 1969
McLoughlin, John. "Black Students Seize Divinity School." Democrat and Chronicle. 3 March 1969. 2 pp.
Tammeus, William D. "Black Seminarians Contacting Groups." [Times-Union]. 1969. 1 p.
Ashworth, William. "A Brief Look Inside 'Fortress.'" Democrat and Chronicle. 6 March 1969. 2 pp.
Tammeus, William D. "Protesters, School Deadlocked." Times-Union. 7 March 1969. 1 p.
Nauer, Mike. "Blacks Keep Doors Barred." Democrat and Chronicle. 9 March 1969. 2 pp.
Tammeus, William D. "Seminary Meeting 'Fruitless.'" Times-Union. 12 March 1969. 1 p.
Lovely, Dan. "CRDS Students Polled—Reopen School or Not?" Democrat and Chronicle. 12 March 1969. 1 p.
"Divinity School Talks Still Go On." Democrat and Chronicle. 16 March 1969. 1 p.
"Sit-In at Seminary To End Thursday." Times-Union. 18 March 1969. 1 p.
Lovely, Dan. "Seminarians To End Sit-in." Democrat and Chronicle. 19 March 1969. 1 p.
Lovely, Dan. "Colgate Dilemma: 'Quicksand.'" Democrat and Chronicle. 19 March 1969. 1 p.
Lovely, Dan. "Divinity School Woos Mrs. King." Democrat and Chronicle. 19 March 1969. 2 pp.
Tammeus, William D. "12 Blacks Named For Trustees at Colgate-Bexley." Times-Union. 30 March 1969. 1 p.
Box 19, Folder 4Colgate Rochester Divinity School Occupation original newspaper articles, 1969
Box 19, Folder 8FIGHT and Education
"FIGHT Attacks Busing." Democrat and Chronicle. 11 December 1968. 1 p.
"Editorial: Decision of Parents Key to Busing." Democrat and Chronicle. 8 January 1969. 1 p.
Wilson, Joyce. "Florence Challenges on Schools." Democrat and Chronicle. 11 February 1969. 2 original clippings. 2 pp.
Power, Mike. "FIGHT Calls Schools of Inner City 'Worst'." Democrat and Chronicle. 28 February 1969. 1 p.
"FIGHT Disputes Violence Claims." Democrat and Chronicle. 19 March 1969. 2 original clippings. 2 pp.
Wilson, Joyce. "Shouts Block School Meet." Democrat and Chronicle. 21 March 1969. 1 p.
Hooper, Ken. "FIGHT Disrupts, Halts School Board Meeting." Times-Union. 21 March 1969. 1 p.
"School Board to Reconvene, Meeting Halted by FIGHT." Democrat and Chronicle. 22 March 1969. 1 p.
"FIGHT Attempts Intimidation." Democrat and Chronicle. 25 March 1969. 1 p.
Wilson, Joyce. "FIGHT Bolts Meeting—Spoke 'Out of Turn.'" Democrat and Chronicle. 28 March 1969. 1 p.
Hooper, Ken. "Ashford Questions FIGHT Stand." Times-Union. 28 March 1969. 1 p.
"Editorial: Does FIGHT Seek Only a Fight?" Times-Union. 31 March 1969. 1 p.
"Board Rule Not a Concern." Times-Union. 1 April 1969. 1 p.
"Pupil Names For Tutoring Given FIGHT." Democrat and Chronicle. 7 April 1969. 1 p.
Power, Mike. "FIGHT Calls Schools of Inner City 'Worst.'" [Democrat and Chronicle]. 1 p.
Boller, Charles. "Control Kay In Schools, FIGHT Says." [Democrat and Chronicle]. 1 p.
Box 19, Folder 9FIGHT - Kodak dispute
Callaway, Marvin. "Civil Rights Leader Contends Negroes Demand 'Freedom Now.'" [Oregonian]. 1 p.
"FIGHT Attempts Intimidation." publication unknown. 1 p.
Box 19, Folder 10Newspapers, 1966-1972
Frederick Douglass Voice. 20-27 March 1969. Front page: News from the University of Rochester.
Home Town News. 23 May 1967.
National Guardian. 16 September 1967.
National Guardian. 26 March 1966.
National Guardian. 18 June 1966.
National Guardian. 29 July 1967.
Program Toward Black Liberation. n.d.
Outlet. August 1971.
Souvenir Edition. 12 March 1972.
National Guardian. 4 June 1966.
Muhammad Speaks. 20 December 1963.
Muhammad Speaks. 27 January 1967.
Muhammad Speaks. 10 June 1966.
Muhammad Speaks. 28 October 1966.
Harambee. 25 August 1966.
Harambee. 15 September 1966.
Box 19, Folder 11Democrat and Chronicle articles on Franklin Florence
Box 20, Folder 1Rochester Democrat and Chronicle Upstate Magazine, feature article on Franklin Florence, July 21, 1985
Box 19, Folder 12Newspaper clippings, undated
Community Development and Business
Box 19, Folder 13Miscellaneous
Box 19, Folder 14Malcolm X, Franklin Florence, Connie Mitchell
Box 23, Folder 1Oversize photographs from FIGHT meetings
Box 19, Folder 15"We Must Make Our Own World... LeRoi Jones"
small textile banner with a graphic of Jones and a LeRoi Jones quote.

Audio Recordings
Box 21, Folder 1"Hearings before the Subcommittee on the War on Poverty Program", 1965
Box 21, Folder 2Notes on FIGHT Convention recording, June 11, 1965
Includes excerpts from Minister Franklin Florence's speech at the end of the convention. Taken April 2010, TS, 3 pp.

FIGHT Convention Recording (reel to reel) 6-11-65
FIGHT Convention Recording (CD) 6-11-65, Part 1 of 2. Runtime: 1:10:00.
FIGHT Convention Recording (CD) 6-11-65, Part 2 of 2. Runtime: 1:14:00.

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