David Bellamy Papers

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David Bellamy papers
Creator: Bellamy, David, 1888-1960
Call Number: D.147
Dates: 1892-1980
Physical Description: 3 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Subject(s)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Access
Use
Citation
Related Materials
Content List
Series I: Correspondence
Series II: Personal papers
Collection Overview
Title: David Bellamy papers
Creator: Bellamy, David, 1888-1960
Call Number: D.147
Dates: 1892-1980
Physical Description: 3 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
David Bellamy (1888-1960) was an executive with Wilmot Castle Co., now part of Sybron Corp., of Rochester. As the son of Francis Bellamy (1855-1931), U of R Class of 1876, he spent much time establishing the fact that Francis Bellamy authored "The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag" in 1892.

Scope and Content
The David Bellamy Papers are primarily concerned with the controversy surrounding the authorship of the Pledge. Originally drafted in 1892 for a nation-wide Columbus Day Celebration, at the time the Pledge was written no specific individual was credited with its authorship. Rather, in reference to the magazine which sponsored the initial program, it became known as the "Youth's Companion Flag Pledge". As the Pledge gained fame many were eager to claim credit for its authorship; however the controversy focused primarily on two individuals--James Upham and Francis Bellamy. The latter's claim was supported by his son, David Bellamy, who spent a number of years substantiating his father's claim and gaining public recognition for him as author of the Pledge.

The year 1892 had marked the four hundredth anniversary of Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World. In honor of this occasion the Youth's Companion proposed a nation-wide celebration in the public schools to foster patriotism. The National Education Association endorsed this proposal and appointed a committee to prepare a uniform, official program of exercises for the celebration. Because of the Companion's involvement, the chairman of this committee was a representative from the magazine and headquarters for the program were based in the Companion's office. This representative and chairman was the Associated Editor of the Companion, Francis Bellamy. Also involved was the Companion's editor, James Upham. As was the magazine's custom, no specific individual was credited with authorship of the Pledge and for nearly thirty years following its first utterance the Pledge remained devoid of any by-line.

By 1923 the Pledge had become an integral aspect of every patriotic activity. Parallel with the Pledge's popularity was the public's interest in discovering who had composed the creed. Numerous individuals were quick to claim credit, but the controversy centered around James Upham and Francis Bellamy--a controversy that remained unsettled for nearly forty years. Although many committees and review boards were established, no definitive answer was given to permanently settle dispute until the Library of Congress Legislative Reference Service issued a report affirming Francis Bellamy as the author of the Pledge in 1957.

The collection consists of affidavits, articles, reports and correspondence which were gathered through David Bellamy's successful efforts to establish the authenticity of his father's claim. Included also is publicity and memorial information which attributes the authorship of the Pledge of Francis Bellamy.

Subject(s):
Correspondence
Affidavits
Bellamy, David, 1888-1960
Bellamy, Francis
Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag (Bellamy, Francis)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The Bellamy (David) Papers were the gift of Mrs. David Bellamy, August 1980.Access
The David Bellamy papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], David Bellamy papers, D.147, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
This collection is closely related to the Francis Julius Bellamy Papers (A.B43).


Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL:


Content List
Series I: Correspondence
Box 1, Folder 1Personal correspondence, 1923
Box 1, Folder 2Correspondence: Francis Bellamy Woman's Relief Corps, 1923
Box 1, Folder 3Correspondence: letter from F.B. to grandson, 1931
Box 1, Folder 4Correspondence newspaper clippings: "Francis E. Bellamy" controversy, 1935-1936
Box 1, Folder 5Miscellaneous correspondence with interested people, 1935-1955
Box 1, Folder 6Correspondence: answering queries correcting wrong information, 1935-1966
Box 1, Folder 7Correspondence: David Bellamy, Oliver Gordon, re: authorship question, 1936
Box 1, Folder 8Correspondence: search for F.B. papers, scrapbook, 1936-1939
Box 1, Folder 9Correspondence: Rome, N.Y. memorials, 1936-1960
Box 1, Folder 10Correspondence clippings: Mt. Morris, N.Y. memorial, 1939-1940
Box 1, Folder 11Correspondence: D. Bellamy, Margarette Miller, re: authorship question, 1939
Box 1, Folder 12Correspondence: Tansill (U.S. Flag Association), re: authorship question, 1939
Box 1, Folder 13Correspondence: D.B., M. Miller, re: gathering material for book, 1940-1941
Box 1, Folder 14Correspondence: leading to the First Flag Presentation, (Rome, N.Y.), 1942
Box 1, Folder 15Correspondence: problems in getting Miller's book published the Second Flag Presentation, 1943-1946
Box 1, Folder 16Correspondence clippings: Columbus Day publicity, 1944
Box 1, Folder 17Correspondence clippings: Freedom Train, 1947-1952
Box 1, Folder 18Correspondence clippings: John B. Bellamy, 1956
Series II: Personal papers
Box 2, Folder 1F.B. speech to the D.A.R., 1931
Manuscript

Box 2, Folder 2"The story of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag," by F.B.
Manuscript, 2 typescript signed copies

Box 2, Folder 3"A 23-word national creed," by F.B.
Manuscript, typescript

Box 2, Folder 4"The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag--How I came to write it," by F.B.
Dittoed

Box 2, Folder 5"Affidavit of authorship," by F.B., 1923
2 copies

Box 2, Folder 6Further affidavit, by F.B.
3 copies

Box 2, Folder 7Corroborative letters affidavit, by F.B., 1923
3 copies

Box 2, Folder 8Original affidavit, by F.B.
Manuscript

Box 2, Folder 9Affidavit, by F.B.
Manuscript

Box 3, Folder 1"Youth's companion", December 20, 1917
Box 3, Folder 2National Woman's Relief Corps' "The Pledge of Allegiance" pamphlets, 1923, 1936
Box 3, Folder 3Synopsis of proof of evidence that F.B. wrote the pledge, by D.B., 1939
2 copies

Box 3, Folder 4"Presentation of Bellamy Papers and evidence on Pledge Authorship to Tansill Committee", 1939
Typescript

Box 3, Folder 5U.S. Flag Association authorship of pledge report, 1939
Typescript, original numerous copies

Box 3, Folder 6M. Miller treatise on authorship of pledge, 1939
Box 3, Folder 7M. Miller newspaper articles, "I Pledge Allegiance," Portsmouth (Va.) Star, 1942
Box 3, Folder 8"23-words," by F.B. M. Miller
Typescript, incomplete?

Box 3, Folder 9Brief synopsis of story of origin of Pledge
Typescript

Box 3, Folder 10Library of Congress Legislative Reference Service Report, "Authorship of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag," by John T. Rodgers, July 18, 1957
2 copies

Box 3, Folder 11Official program of Columbus Day Celebration Program Supplement, 1892
Box 3, Folder 12Press clippings giving credit to F.B., 1924-1980
Box 3, Folder 13National Bellamy Awards: Programs, background information, 1973-1977; F.B. Elementary School dedication (Tampa, Florida), 1975
Box 3, Folder 14Photographs of F.B.
Box 3, Folder 15Miscellaneous


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