Lawrence Bachmann Papers

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Collection Overview
Title: Lawrence Bachmann papers
Creator: Bachmann, Lawrence P.
Call Number: D.137
Dates: 1970-1973
Physical Description: 6 boxes
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation

Access
The Lawrence Bachmann papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduScope and Content
This collection contains interviews, notes, two rough drafts, and a final draft of an unpublished biography of George Eastman written by Lawrence Bachmann in the early 1970s. Also included in the collection are correspondence relating to the publication of the manuscript, copies of a 1934 exchange of letters between Carl Ackerman, authorized biographer of Eastman, and Frank Lovejoy, former president of Eastman Kodak Company, and other miscellaneous correspondence and memorabilia.

Bachmann conducted fifty interviews between 1969 and 1972. In these interviews friends and business associates of Eastman discuss their memories of him. The interviews range from highly personal accounts to recollections of Eastman as a business personality. Other interviews focus on the growth of the Eastman Kodak Company since Eastman's death in 1932, and on more technical aspects of some of Kodak's manufacturing processes.

The earliest draft of the manuscript includes an outline of the proposed scope of the book and drafts of most of the later chapters. The second or "long draft," as Bachmann named it, contains fifty-nine chapters. This draft naturally divides into two parts: Eastman's life and the founding and development of the Eastman Kodak Company until Eastman's death in 1932; and the continued growth of the company from after Eastman's death until the 1960s. Bachmann condensed the fifty-nine chapters into thirty-seven chapters between March and May of 1973. After he completed this final draft, Bachmann sent certain chapters and portions of chapters out to be read and corrected by Kodak officials, including William Vaughn, and also to Harry Sious of Little, Brown, the prospective publishing house. Some of these annotated chapters appear in the final draft; others comprise a separate portion of the collection.

Subject(s):
Correspondence
Interviews
Biography
Bachmann, Lawrence P.
Eastman, George, 1854-1932
Ackerman, Carl W. (Carl William), 1890-1970
Lovejoy, Frank W.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Lawrence Bachmann, April 23, 1974.Citation
[Item title, item date], Lawrence Bachmann papers, D.137, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Material
The Bachmann (Lawrence) Papers is one of five collections of materials relating to George Eastman in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections. The other four collections are:

D.4, the Eastman-Butterfield Collection , a set of notes, interviews and printed information gathered as the resource material for a proposed biography of Eastman.

D.85, the George Eastman House Construction Papers, 1902-1906 , which consists of correspondence, including some to and from George Eastman, agreements, contracts, etc., relating to the construction of the home of George Eastman at 350 (now 900) East Avenue, Rochester, New York.

D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers , composed of Eastman's correspondence, printed ephemera, and over 4,000 photographs and negatives depicting George Eastman, his family, his friends, his homes in Waterville and at 900 East Avenue, and early Kodak factories and workers.

The last collection, D.139, Eastman Research Materials , is a collection of miscellaneous items, including scrapbooks, taped oral histories, photographs, and an extensive newspaper clipping file. As relevant material is acquired, it will be added to this collection.


Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL: http://www.library.rochester.edu/rbscp


Content List
Series I: Interviews
Box 1, Folder 1Saul Minsky, November 11, 1971
Box 1, Folder 1A. E. Amor, August 13, 1971
Box 1, Folder 1Miss Winifred Anderson, May 13, 1971
Box 1, Folder 1Earl Arnold, May 4, 1971
Box 1, Folder 1J. M. Arnold, Business Systems, November 4, 1971
Box 1, Folder 2Dr. Chapman, May 5, 1971
Box 1, Folder 2Robert Churchill, October 20, 1971
Box 1, Folder 2Walter Clark, November 3, 1971
Box 1, Folder 2Craig Cochrane, October 19, 1971
Box 1, Folder 2A. Whitman Crittenden, May 13, 1971
Box 1, Folder 2Gen. Edward Peck Curtis, October 31, 1970
Box 1, Folder 3Dr. Roy Davis, August 23, 1971
Box 1, Folder 3Dr. Lee Davy, October 21, 1971
Box 1, Folder 3D. T. R. Dighton, Kodak Ltd., England, August 13, 1971
Box 1, Folder 3Dr. Louis K. Eilers, June 21, 1972
Box 1, Folder 3Herbert M. Eisenhart, May 7, 1971
Box 1, Folder 4Harold Gleason, November 15, 1970
Box 1, Folder 4Marion Gleason, February 14, 1969
Box 1, Folder 4Leopold Godowsky, April 17, 1972
Box 1, Folder 5Howard Hanson, June 23, 1972
Box 1, Folder 5Dr. W. T. Hanson, November 3, 1971
Box 1, Folder 5G. S. Hawkes, August 18, 1971
Box 1, Folder 5Dr. Martin D. Kamen, November 15, 1971
Box 1, Folder 5Dr. J. A. Leermakers, May 7, 1971
Box 1, Folder 6Mr. Donald McConville, May 4, 1971
Box 1, Folder 6Rouben Mamoulian, May 21, 1971
Box 1, Folder 6Al. E. McCoy, Space Photography, June 6, 1972
Box 1, Folder 6Donald McMasters, November 1 and 4, 1971
Box 1, Folder 6R. W. Miller, vice-president Finance and Administration, November 8, 1971
Box 1, Folder 6J. C. Mulder, November 2, 1971
Box 1, Folder 7A. D. Page and S. Smythe, August 16, 1971
Box 1, Folder 7Elizabeth Peoples, May 10, 1971
Box 1, Folder 7Milton Robinson, October 30, 1970
Box 1, Folder 8R. E. Schellberg, vice-president, Distribution, November 9, 1971
Box 1, Folder 8E. W. Schlosser, November 2, 1971
Box 1, Folder 8Ernest Schoedsack, May 21, 1971
Box 1, Folder 8Nicolas Slomimsky, May 20, 1971
Box 1, Folder 8Dr. D. A. Spencer, August 1971
Box 1, Folder 8Cyril Stand, May 6, 1971
Box 1, Folder 8Dr. Audley Stewart, May 1969
Box 1, Folder 8Arthur L. Stern, November 10, 1971
Box 1, Folder 9M. Lucien Vacher, March 2, 1971
Box 1, Folder 9William S. Vaughn, October 28, 1971
Box 1, Folder 9Peter Verstaete, May 6, 1971
Box 1, Folder 10Mrs. Hawley Ward, November 19, 1970
Box 1, Folder 10Arnold Weissberger, May 10, 1971
Box 1, Folder 10Dr. George Whipple, November 19, 1970
Box 1, Folder 10Mrs. George H. Whipple, October 19, 1970
Box 1, Folder 10James White, October 20, 1971
Box 1, Folder 10I. D. Wratten, August 11, 1971
Series II: Publication drafts
Subseries I: Early draft
Includes outline and later chapters

Box 2, Folder 1Outline, chapter 57 - SPICE, chapter 50 - 'Man' and 'God' = Color, chapter 55 - Oak Ridge
Box 2, Folder 2Chapter 57 - SPICE (2), last chapter, penultimate chapter, and notes for chapters 60 and 61
Box 2, Folder 3Chapter 59, chapter 58
Box 2, Folder 4Chapter 57, chapter 3 - Why carry a teepee?, chapter 56
Box 2, Folder 5Chapter 55 - Oak Ridge, chapter 54
Box 2, Folder 6Chapter 53, chapter 52, chapter 51 - World War II: Kodak A.G.; Kodak-Pathe
Box 2, Folder 7Chapter 50 - 'Man' and 'God' = Color, chapter 49, chapter 47 - "My work is done. Why wait?"
Box 2, Folder 8Chapter 46, chapter 44, African Trip notes, chapter 34 - A maid for the maids
Box 2, Folder 9Chapter 37 - The Indian Spring of George Eastman, other notes
Box 2, Folder 10Chapter 31, chapter 30, chapter 29, chapter 27 - The 1914 New Year Ball, chapter 26, The Golden Stream chapter notes, trips notes, notes from Eastman's letters, June 1898-1902
Box 2, Folder 11Notes for chapters 20 and 21, chapter 18, chapter 19
Box 2, Folder 12Notes, chapter 20 - Eastman House, chapter 21, two sections of chapter 20
Subseries II: 1972 long draft
Box 3, Folder 1Outline, chapter l - Inventing on a kitchen stove, chapter 2 - "My mother never kissed me," chapter 3 - He stood in the works
Box 3, Folder 2Chapter 4 - One share in the original company equals.... chapter 5 - A composite day, chapter 6 - Gilbert and Sullivan - and Kodak, chapter 7 - "She's the angel in my life," chapter 8 - A praying department
Box 3, Folder 3Chapter 9 - "...the prospect of having a cowhouse," chapter 10 - William G. Stuber's secret ingredient, chapter 11 - I like to watch other people work," chapter 12 - The two gifts of the gods, chapter 13 - The silver cord
Box 3, Folder 4Chapter 14 - Eastman v The City, chapter 15 - Meanwhile back at the Park, chapter 16 - "...control of the photographic business," chapter 17 - Eastman's House
Box 3, Folder 5Chapter 18 - "...language itself will become obsolete," chapter 19 - The Summertime of George Eastman, chapter 20 - The golden stream, chapter 21 - Enter Rush Rhees
Box 3, Folder 6Chapter 22 - "Your job is the future of photography," chapter 23 - The New Year's Ball, chapter 24 - "Greeting"', chapter 25 - Frustration
Box 3, Folder 7Chapter 26 - The Home Front, chapter 27 - World War I, chapter 28 - "...Mr. Eastman became more progressive and more liberal"
Box 3, Folder 8Chapter 29 - The Practical Proselytizer, chapter 30 - The School of Medicine and Dentistry, chapter 31 - A maid for the maids
Box 3, Folder 9Chapter 32 - "...see the action during my lifetime," chapter 33 - The thirteen-month calendar, chapter 34 - Indian Summer, chapter 35 - "You have to trust your organization"
Box 3, Folder 10Chapter 36 - A very young seventy-four, chapter 37 - Into chemicals, chapter 38 - An accounting of Kodak Limited to 1928, chapter 39 - "Whatsoever a man soweth..."
Box 3, Folder 11Chapter 40 - He made pleasure a business, chapter 41 - Fire in the ashes, chapter 42 - "my work is done why wait?" chapter 43 - Three words, chapter 44 - The German challenge
Box 3, Folder 12Chapter 45 - 'Man and God' = Color, chapter 46 - World War II: Kodak A.G. and Kodak-Pathe
Box 3, Folder 13Chapter 47 - "...it concentrates his mind wonderfully," (2) chapter 48 - Kodak Rochester - World War II, chapter 49 - "The Lord had his arm around us"
Box 3, Folder 14Chapter 50 - Oak Ridge, chapter 51 - Serendipity
Box 3, Folder 15Chapter 52 - Same legal aspects, chapter 53 - The family of companies (2)
Box 3, Folder 16Chapter 54 - Of many inventions, chapter 55 - The Instamatic, chapter 56 - Smugtown, chapter 57 - SPICE
Subseries III: Carbon of pre-typed final draft, March-May 1973
Box 4, Folder 1Preface, chapter 1 - Inventing on a kitchen stove
Box 4, Folder 2Chapter 2 - He stood in the works
Box 4, Folder 3Chapter 3 - A composite day
Box 4, Folder 4Chapter 4 - "...start a praying department," chapter 5 - William G. Stuber's secret ingredient
Box 4, Folder 5Chapter 6 - "I like to watch other people work," chapter 7 - The two gifts of the gods
Box 4, Folder 6Chapter 8 - Eastman v. The City, chapter 9 - "...control of the photographic business all over the world"
Box 4, Folder 7Chapter 10 - Eastman's House, chapter 11 - The Summertime of George Eastman
Box 4, Folder 8Chapter 12 - "Your job is the future of photography," chapter 13 - An age of innocence, chapter 14 - "Greeting"'
Box 4, Folder 9Chapter 15 - World War I, chapter 16 - ".. Mr. Eastman became more progressive and more liberal"
Box 4, Folder 10Chapter 17 - The Practical Proselytist, chapter 18 - The School of Medicine and Dentistry
Box 4, Folder 11Chapter 19 - A maid for the maids, chapter 20 - "...see the action during my lifetime," chapter 21 - Indian Summer
Box 4, Folder 12Chapter 22 - "you have to trust your organization"
Box 4, Folder 13Chapter 23 - Into chemicals
Box 4, Folder 14Chapter 24 - "Whatsoever a man soweth...," chapter 25 - He made pleasure a business
Box 4, Folder 15Chapter 26 - Fire in the ashes, chapter 27 - "My work is done why wait?" chapter 28 - Three words
Box 4, Folder 16Chapter 29 - 'Man and God' = Color, chapter 30 - Two sides of the foreign coin
Box 4, Folder 17Chapter 31 - "...it concentrates his mind wonderfully," chapter 32 - Kodak Rochester - World War II, chapter 33 - "The Lord had His arm around us"
Box 4, Folder 18Chapter 34 - Oak Ridge
Box 4, Folder 19Chapter 35 - Serendipity
Box 4, Folder 20Chapter 36 - From 'Smugtown' to SPICE, chapter 37 - The Instamatic Camera
Subseries IV: "Outs", May-July 1973
Box 5, Folder 1Chapter 30 - Two sides of the foreign coin, chapter 31 - "...it concentrates his mind wonderfully," chapter 32 - Kodak Rochester - World War II, chapter 34 - Oak Ridge
Box 5, Folder 2Chapter 35 - Serendipity, chapter 51 - Serendipity, chapter 36 - From 'Smugtown' to SPICE, chapter 57 - SPICE, chapter 37 - The Instamatic
Box 5, Folder 3-4Miscellaneous manuscript pages
Box 5, Folder 5Chapter 1 - Inventing on a kitchen stove, chapter 2 - He stood in the works, chapter 31 - A maid for the maids
Box 5, Folder 6Chapter 44 - The German Challenge, chapter 45 - 'Man and God' = Color (2)
Box 5, Folder 7Chapter 49 - "The Lord had His arm around us" (3)
Box 5, Folder 8Chapter 23 - Into chemicals, chapter 36 - Some legal aspects, chapter 51 - Serendipity
Box 5, Folder 9Miscellaneous manuscript pages, chapter 37 - Into chemicals
Box 5, Folder 10Chapter 51 - Serendipity, chapter 44 - Emulsion, the basic mystery, miscellaneous manuscript pages
Series III: Correspondence, memorabilia, miscellaneous
Box 6, Folder 1Copies of preface, outline, and correspondence relating to manuscript revision
Box 6, Folder 2Notes for revision of manuscript between third and fourth drafts
Box 6, Folder 3Verification of quotes, interview listing
Box 6, Folder 4Genealogy and chronology of Eastman family, birth, death and marriage notices, currency and diploma photographs - Eastman Commercial College
Box 6, Folder 5Kodak charts - growth of common stock, worldwide sales
Box 6, Folder 6Copy of letter from Alice K. Hutchison to George Dryden, excerpts from Eastman-Dryden correspondence, March 31, 1931
Box 6, Folder 7Copies of 1934 Lovejoy-Ackerman correspondence regarding revision of Ackerman biography of EastmanCopy of Clune-Lovejoy letter, February 25, 1944
Box 6, Folder 8Memento of housewarming dinner given by Eastman to celebrate the opening of 350 (now 900) East Avenue, October 7, 1905
Box 6, Folder 9Menu, seating booklet, and memento from Society of the Genesee dinner honoring George Eastman, February 9, 1931
Box 6, Folder 10Miscellaneous newspaper and periodical clippings


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