Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas Papers

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Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas papers
Creator: Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de, 1701-1781
Call Number: D.10
Dates: 1739-1747
Physical Description: 1 box
Language(s): Materials are in French
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Subject(s)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Access
Use
Citation
Related Materials
Content List
Series I: The cod and herring catch, Canada, 1739-1746
Series II: Instruction of French Naval cadets
Series III: Canadian ironworks, 1743
Series IV: The Acadian expedition of 1746; attempt to recapture Louisbourg
Series V: The loss of Louisbourg, 1745-1747
Series VI: Louisiana campaign, 1739-1740
Collection Overview
Title: Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas papers
Creator: Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de, 1701-1781
Call Number: D.10
Dates: 1739-1747
Physical Description: 1 box
Language(s): Materials are in French
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas (1701-1781) held the position of Secretary to the Royal Household and Minister of Marine in the court of Louis XV. He succeeded his father as State Secretary at age fourteen, and thereafter became one of the most powerful nobles at the French court. He maintained this power until 1749, when he was accused of writing derogatory epigrams about Madame de Pompadour, the King's mistress. He was then banished from court until 1774, when he was recalled by Louis XVI and established as one of the King's councilors. Until his death, Maurepas lived in rooms directly above the royal family at Versailles; this proximity allowed Louis to confer with Maurepas soon after the Comte arose for the day. The personality of the Comte de Maurepas has never been fully established; by some he was seen as a skilled politician, a statesman and a diplomat, while his opponents considered him a bad administrator, superficial and satirical.

Scope and Content
The Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas Papers are comprised of one box containing, for the most part, secretary's copies of documents made for Maurepas' use, the majority of which concern his duties as Minister of Marine. Maurepas was responsible for building up the Royal Navy to meet the threat from the expansion of British sea power; he also instituted changes in French training standards to meet this challenge. Many of the papers deal with the Acadian Expedition of 1746, which was an attempt to retake lost French territory in what is now Newfoundland and Nova Scotia from the English, specifically a fortified base at Louisville on Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The resulting debacle for the French is reflected in the papers. The remainder of the papers concern various maritime issues in French Canada and America, including naval protection of French fishermen, the iron industry in Canada and Indian wars in French Louisiana.

The Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas Papers are in French.

Subject(s):
Louisiana
Fisheries
Iron-works
Records (Documents)
Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de, 1701-1781
France. Marine
Politicians
Diplomats
Siege of Louisbourg (Canada : 1745)
Indian Wars (Chickasaw : 1739-1740)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas Papers were purchased at the Parke-Bernet Auction of March 6, 1962 by the University of Rochester Library and by gift of Robert F. Metzdorf. Further accruals are not expected.Access
The Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas papers, D.10, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of RochesterRelated Materials
Other collections in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections relating to the Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas Papers are:

The Maurepas Papers: A Unique Collection of French XVIII Century Historical Documents, (Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 1962). (This catalog, as well as photocopies of Lots 20, 23, 26, 31, 32, and 34, is included with the register located in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections and contains a more descriptive listing of the individual items.

Other collections outside the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections relating to the Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux, Comte de Maurepas Papers are:

The Maurepas Collection , Cornell University.


Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL:


Content List
Series I: The cod and herring catch, Canada, 1739-1746
Box 1, Folder 1Cod and herring catch, Lot 20, No. 1: Petition of cod-fishers, in clerk's hand
Box 1, Folder 2Cod and herring catch, Lot 20, No. 2: Printed petition of cod-fishers, 1739
Box 1, Folder 3Cod and herring catch, Lot 20, No. 3: Correspondence from Vincent (Merchant) to Maurepas, 1746
Box 1, Folder 4Cod and herring catch, Lot 20, No. 4: Statistical table of herring catch, in clerk's hand, 1741
Series II: Instruction of French Naval cadets
Box 1, Folder 5Lot 23: Manual for Naval Officers by DuGuay, lieutenant in the Navy
Series III: Canadian ironworks, 1743
Box 1, Folder 6Lot 26: Report on the ironworks of Saint-Maurice, Canada, 1743
Series IV: The Acadian expedition of 1746; attempt to recapture Louisbourg
Box 1, Folder 7Lot 31, No. 1: Jean-Baptiste-Louis-Frédéric de la Rochefoucauld, Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, October 6, 1745
Box 1, Folder 8Lot 31, No. 2: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, January 18, 1746
Box 1, Folder 9Lot 31, No. 3: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, January 28, 1746
Box 1, Folder 10Lot 31, No. 4: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, undated
Box 1, Folder 11Lot 31, No. 5: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, undated
Box 1, Folder 12Lot 31, No. 6: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, February 14, 1746
Box 1, Folder 13Lot 31, No. 7: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, undated
Box 1, Folder 14Lot 31, No. 8: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, February 25, 1746
Box 1, Folder 15Lot 31, No. 9: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, February 28, [1746]
Box 1, Folder 16Lot 31, No. 10: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, March 21, [1746]
Box 1, Folder 17Lot 31, No. 11: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, April 8, 1746
Box 1, Folder 18Lot 31, No. 12: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, April 18, [1746]
Box 1, Folder 19Lot 31, No. 13: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, undated
Box 1, Folder 20Lot 31, No. 14: Duc d'Enville to Louis XV, October 22, 1746
Box 1, Folder 21Lot 31, No. 15: De Montlouet to Maurepas, October 22, 1746
Box 1, Folder 22Lot 31, No. 16: Duc d'Enville to Maurepas, April 16, 1746
Box 1, Folder 23Report on the expedition, issued by Maurepas' Office, in clerk's hand
Box 1, Folder 24Lot 31, No. 18: De Montlouet to Maurepas, [October 22, 1746]
Box 1, Folder 25Lot 31, No. 19: Louis de Nouailles D'Ayme to Maurepas
Series V: The loss of Louisbourg, 1745-1747
Box 1, Folder 26Plans to retake Acadia and Newfoundland and to defend the Isle Roale (Cape Breton)
Box 1, Folder 27Lot 32, No. 2: [How Louisbourg was lost,] Report of Francois Bigot to Maurepas, with the Minister's annotations, [August 15, 1745]
Series VI: Louisiana campaign, 1739-1740
Box 1, Folder 28War Against the Chickasaws and Natchez, Lot 34: [Report on conditions in Louisiana, 1739-1740,] in clerk's hand


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