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William Harkness Papers

Creator: Harkness, William, 1837-1903

Call Number: A.H27

Dates: 1849-1900

Physical Description: 4 boxes, 1 folder

Language(s): Materials are in English

Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note

Scope and Content

Subject(s)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Access

Use

Citation

Content List

Box 1

Box 2

Box 3

Box 4

Box 5

Collection Overview

Title: William Harkness Papers

Creator: Harkness, William, 1837-1903

Call Number: A.H27

Dates: 1849-1900

Physical Description: 4 boxes, 1 folder

Language(s): Materials are in English

Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note

William Harkness was born in Ecclefechan, Scotland on December 17, 1837. He came to the United States in 1839. He studied at Lafayette College from 1854 to 1856, and at the University of Rochester from 1856 to 1858, from which he graduated. He then studied medicine at the New York Homeopathic Medical College, and served as a volunteer surgeon during the Civil War. On August 1, 1862 he was appointed as aide to the United States Observatory, and professor of mathematics there in 1863. From 1865 to 1866 he served aboard the U.S.S. Monadnock. On the cruise from Philadelphia to San Francisco he investigated the variations of the compass. His report was published in 1871 by the Smithsonian Institution. He was then attached to the United States Hydrographic Office. During a total eclipse of the sun in 1869 he discovered the coronal line K 1474. In 1871 he was appointed as one of the members of the Transit of Venus commission. He was in charge of the transit of Venus parties in 1874 at the theory of the focal curve of achromatic telescopes in 1879. His inventions of better photographic equipment and methods made possible new accuracy in the measurement of distances to Venus, and to the sun and their relative positions. He retired from the Navy with the rank of rear admiral. He died in 1903 at Jersey City, New Jersey.

Scope and Content

The papers consist of Dr. Harkness' records, charts, photographs, and drawings from his various scientific observations and experiments.

Subject(s):

Astronomy--Observations

Correspondence

Logs (records)

Photographs

Drawings

Harkness, William, 1837-1903

Monadnock (Ironclad monitor)

Astronomers

Immediate Source of Acquisition

They were purchased, in part, from Robert Hudson, August 1974.Access

The William Harkness Papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use

Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation

[Item title, item date], William Harkness Papers, A.H27, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Administrative Information

Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff

Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Address:

Rush Rhees Library

Second Floor, Room 225

Rochester, NY 14627-0055

rarebks@library.rochester.edu

URL:

Content List

Creator: Harkness, William, 1837-1903

Call Number: A.H27

Dates: 1849-1900

Physical Description: 4 boxes, 1 folder

Language(s): Materials are in English

Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note

Scope and Content

Subject(s)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Access

Use

Citation

Content List

Box 1

Box 2

Box 3

Box 4

Box 5

Collection Overview

Title: William Harkness Papers

Creator: Harkness, William, 1837-1903

Call Number: A.H27

Dates: 1849-1900

Physical Description: 4 boxes, 1 folder

Language(s): Materials are in English

Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note

William Harkness was born in Ecclefechan, Scotland on December 17, 1837. He came to the United States in 1839. He studied at Lafayette College from 1854 to 1856, and at the University of Rochester from 1856 to 1858, from which he graduated. He then studied medicine at the New York Homeopathic Medical College, and served as a volunteer surgeon during the Civil War. On August 1, 1862 he was appointed as aide to the United States Observatory, and professor of mathematics there in 1863. From 1865 to 1866 he served aboard the U.S.S. Monadnock. On the cruise from Philadelphia to San Francisco he investigated the variations of the compass. His report was published in 1871 by the Smithsonian Institution. He was then attached to the United States Hydrographic Office. During a total eclipse of the sun in 1869 he discovered the coronal line K 1474. In 1871 he was appointed as one of the members of the Transit of Venus commission. He was in charge of the transit of Venus parties in 1874 at the theory of the focal curve of achromatic telescopes in 1879. His inventions of better photographic equipment and methods made possible new accuracy in the measurement of distances to Venus, and to the sun and their relative positions. He retired from the Navy with the rank of rear admiral. He died in 1903 at Jersey City, New Jersey.

Scope and Content

The papers consist of Dr. Harkness' records, charts, photographs, and drawings from his various scientific observations and experiments.

Subject(s):

Astronomy--Observations

Correspondence

Logs (records)

Photographs

Drawings

Harkness, William, 1837-1903

Monadnock (Ironclad monitor)

Astronomers

Immediate Source of Acquisition

They were purchased, in part, from Robert Hudson, August 1974.Access

The William Harkness Papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use

Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation

[Item title, item date], William Harkness Papers, A.H27, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Administrative Information

Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff

Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Address:

Rush Rhees Library

Second Floor, Room 225

Rochester, NY 14627-0055

rarebks@library.rochester.edu

URL:

Content List

Box 1

Folder:

Correspondence. October 1874-1879. Partially Indexed.

Correspondence. 1880-1881(June). Partially Indexed.

Correspondence. July 1881-1900, n.d. Partially Indexed.

Mean Height of the Thermometer at Fishkill Landing (1853-1855) and Rochester, New York (1856-1857).

Temperature Curves, Fishkill Landing and Rochester, New York.

Meteorological Register - Fishkill Landing, New York. March 1849-July 1850 and May 1852-April 1854.

Meteorological Abstracts. Fishkill Landing, New York. 1853-October 1855.

Introduction to Observations and Detail About Them. U.S.S. Monadnock. 1865-1866.

Astronomical Observations. U.S.S. Monadnock. 1865-1866.

Astronomical Observations. U.S.S. Monadnock. October 1865-June 1866.

Magnetic Observations. U.S.S. Monadnock. 1865-1866.

Horizontal Intensity Calculations and Experiments of Vibration. October 1865-November 1866.

Astronomical Observations. Magnetic Declination. March 1866-November 1866.

Astronomical Observations. Horizontal Intensity Experiments of Deflection. October 1865-Nov. 1866.

Magnetic Dip. U.S.S. Monadnock. October 1865- May 1867.

Deviation of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Hampton Roads. October 31 and November 1, 1865.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. St. Thomas, West Indies. November 18, 1865.

Deviation of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Isle Royal, Salute Islands. November 50, 1865.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Ciara, Brazil. December 19, 1865.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Bahia, Brazil. December 30, 1865.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. January 10, 1866.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Monte Video. January 24, 1866.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Sandy Point. February 10, 1866.

Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Valparaiso, Chile. April 4, 1866.

Box 2

Folder:

1. Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Callao, Peru. April 29, 1866.

2. Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Panama, New Granada. May 20, 1866.

3. Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Acapulco, Mexico. June 1, 1866.

4. Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. Magdalena Bay, California. June 9, 1866.

5. Deviations of the Compass. U.S.S. Monadnock. San Francisco. June 23, 1866.

6. Admiralty Standard Compass. Determination of the Quantities.

7. Table Showing Amount and Direction of the Hard and Soft Iron Forces on Each Compass. November 1, 1865.

8. Observed Values of the Coefficients of the Compasses. U.S.S. Monadnock.

9. Greatest and Least Values of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Compasses. U.S.S. Monadnock.

10. Computed Values of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Compasses. U.S.S. Monadnock.

11. Value of the Computed Minus the Observed Coefficients of the Deviations of the Compasses. U.S.S. Monadnock.

12. Admiralty Standard Compass. Computation of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

13. After Azimuth Compass. Computation of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

14. After Binnacle Compass. Computations of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

15. After Ritchie Compass. Computation of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

16. Forward Alidade Compass. Computations of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

17. Forward Binnacle Compass. Computation of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

18. Forward Ritchie Compass. Computation of Coefficients A-E from Deviations Observed on 32 Points.

19. Probable Errors of the Coefficients Bl, Cl, Dl, and El

20. Maximum Value Attained by S-S'

21. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Admiralty Standard Compass. Ciara, Brazil. Dec. 19, 1865.

22. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Binnacle Compass. Ciara, Brazil. Dec. 19, 1865.

23. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Ritchie Compass. December 19, 1865.

24. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Alidade Compass. Ciara, Brazil. Dec. 19, 1865.

25. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Binnacle Compass. Ciara, Brazil. Dec. 19, 1865.

26. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Ritchie Compass. Ciara, Brazil. Dec. 19, 1865.

27. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Admiralty Standard Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

28. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Azimuth Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

29. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Binnacle Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

30. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Ritchie Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

31. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Alidade Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

32. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Binnacle Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

33. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Ritchie Compass. Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Jan. 10, 1866.

34. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Ritchie Compass. Monte Video, Jan. 24, 1866.

35. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Admiralty Standard Compass. Magdalena Bay, Cal. June 9, 1866.

36. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Binnacle Compass. Magdalena Bay, Cal. June 9, 1866.

37. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the After Ritchie Compass. Magdalena Bay, Cal. June 9, 1866.

38. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Alidade Compass. Magdalena Bay, Cal. June 9, 1866.

39. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the For-ward Binnacle Compass. Magdalena Bay, Cal. June 9, 1866.

40. Computation of the Coefficients of the Deviations of the Forward Ritchie Compass. Magdalena Bay, Cal. June 9, 1866.

41. Admiralty Standard Compass. Computation of the Deviations of the Standard Compass Using Coefficients A-E.

42. Deviations of the Admiralty Standard Compass from the Observed Coefficients A-E. Bahia, Brazil. Dec. 30, 1865.

43. Admiralty Standard Compass. Deviation of the Standard Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E. Hampton Roads. November 1, 1865.

44. Forward Alidade Compass. Deviations of the Forward Alidade Compass from the Coefficients A-E. Bahia, Brazil.

45. Forward Alidade Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Coefficients A-E. Acapulco. June 1, 1866.

46. Forward Alidade Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E.

47. After Azimuth Compass. Deviations of the After Azimuth Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

48. After Azimuth Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E.

49. Forward Ritchie Compass. Deviations of the Forward Ritchie Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

50. Forward Ritchie Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

51. Forward Ritchie Compass. Deviations of the Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E.

52. After Binnacle Compass. Deviations of the After Binnacle Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

53. After Binnacle Compass. Deviation of the Standard Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

54. After Binnacle Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E.

55. After Ritchie Compass. Deviations of the After Ritchie Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

56. After Ritchie Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

57. After Ritchie Compass. Deviations of the Standard Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E.

58. Forward Binnacle Compass. Deviations of the Forward Binnacle Compass from the Coefficients A-E.

59. For-ward Binnacle Compass. Deviations of the Compass from the Computed Coefficients A-E.

60. Normal Equations.

61. After Azimuth Compass. Equations of Condition and Normal Equations.

62. After Binnacle Compass. Equations of Condition and Normal Equations.

63. After Ritchie Compass. Equations of Condition and Normal Equations.

64. Forward Alidade Compass. Equations of Condition and Normal Equations.

65. Forward Binnacle Compass. Equations of Condition and Normal Equations.

66. Forward Ritchie Compass. Equations of Condition and Normal Equations.

67. Probable Errors of a Single Deviation of the Compass.

68. Computation of the Probable Errors of Al, Bl, Cl, Dl, and El, Directly from the Original Observations.

69. Computations of the Probable Errors of J b l x (see printed register)

70. Computation of the Values of: l, g, h ,k ,R, and D R for the Admiralty Standard and After Azimuth Compasses.

71. Unidentified Calculations.

72. Compass for Ironclads. Drawing.

Box 3

Folder:

1. Solar Eclipse. Plates. 1869.

2. Solar Eclipse. Plates. 1869. Duplicates of previous folder.

3. Spectragraph Color Plate Proofs of Eclipse. 1869.

4. Transit of Venus Stations. Prints. 1874.

5. Astronomical Instruments. Plates.

6. Astronomical Instruments. Plates. Duplicates of previous folder.

7. Total Solar Eclipse. Printed Sketches. 1878.

8. Total Solar Eclipse. Printed Sketches. 1878. Duplicates of previous folder.

9. Total Solar Eclipse. Plates. 1878.

10. Total Solar Eclipse. Plates. 1878. Duplicates of previous folder.

11. Total Solar Eclipse. Plates. 1878. Duplicates of previous two folders.

12. On the Latitude The Astronomical Journal. June 1, 1897.

13. On the Latitude The Astronomical Journal. June 1, 1897. Duplicates of previous folder.

14. Differences of Longitude between Washington and Havana. Proof sheets.

15. Ganging Casks Theory.

16. Astronomical Clock. Unfinished Drawings.

17. Comet Orbit Representation by Models.

18. Specifications for Naval Observatory. (Carbon of typescript.)

19. Specifications for Double Achromatic Object Glass. (Carbon of typescript.)

20. Miscellaneous Graphs.

Box 4

Folder:

1. Photographs of Observatories. Prints from Dr. Harkness' Negatives.

2. Photographs of Observatories. Prints from Dr. Harkness' Negatives. Duplicates of previous folder.

3. Photographs

4. Views of the Planet Mars. 1862. William Harkness, del.

5. Membership Certificate from the Societa degli Spettroscopisti Italiani. February 10, 1889.

6. Diploma of Honorable Mention from the Board of Lady Managers of the World's Columbian Commission. May 15, 1895.

7. Room and Board Receipts. 1876-1878.

8. Cancelled Checks, Check Stubs, and Receipts. 1875-1892.

9. Miscellaneous.

10. Article: P. M. Janiczek, "Transits of Venus and the American Expedition of 1874," Sky and Telescope, December, 1974.

Box 5

William Harkness' Instrument Box, 1871.

Flatfile 1Drawings of Scientific Instruments and Machinery

This flat folder contains drawings of scientific instruments (possibly telescopes) and machinery. Two drawings identify W. Harkness as the delineator. Among the other drawings, J.C. Kondrup is identified as the engraver and T.C. Brecht as the delineator.

Drawings were removed from a brown metal tube on which the number 2 had been painted.