Francis Julius Bellamy Papers

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Francis Julius Bellamy papers
Creator: Bellamy, Francis
Call Number: A.B43
Dates: 1890-2003
Physical Description: 7 boxes, 1 package
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Arrangement
Subject(s)
Access
Use
Citation
Content List
Collection Overview
Title: Francis Julius Bellamy papers
Creator: Bellamy, Francis
Call Number: A.B43
Dates: 1890-2003
Physical Description: 7 boxes, 1 package
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Francis Bellamy was an author, editor, and publicity director born in Mount Morris, NY in 1855. He attended Rome Free Academy in Rome, NY, the University of Rochester (1872-1876) and the Rochester Theological Seminary (1876-1880). After serving as a Baptist minister from 1880-1891, he began working as a writer at the Youth's Companion, a magazine in Boston. There he helped plan a National Public School Celebration for Columbus Day in 1892, for which the Pledge of Allegiance was written. At the time the Pledge was written no specific individual was credited with its authorship. Rather, in reference to the magazine that sponsored the initial program, it became known as the "Youth's Companion Flag Pledge." As the Pledge gained fame many were eager to claim credit for its authorship; however the controversy focused primarily on James Upham and Francis Bellamy, who were editor and associate editor of the Companion at the time. The latter's claim was supported by his son, David Bellamy, who spent a number of years substantiating his father's claim and gaining public recognition for him as author of the Pledge.

A committee of historians appointed by the United States Flag Association in 1939 examined evidence presented by David Bellamy and the family of James Upham, ruling that Bellamy was the author. The controversy arose again in 1956 when news reports again asserted Upham's authorship. The Library of Congress appointed a team to finalize the decision as to the authorship of the Pledge. The Library of Congress Legislative Reference Service issued a report affirming Francis Bellamy as the author of the Pledge in 1957.

Scope and Content
The first two boxes of the collection contain exhibits compiled by Francis Bellamy's son, David, in his effort to establish the authenticity of his father's claim. The following four boxes include correspondence about the pledge controversy, speeches and articles written by Francis Bellamy, along with news clippings and articles written both about Bellamy and the pledge. This collection is closely related to collection D.147, David Bellamy Papers, 1892-1980.

Presented to the University of Rochester Library by David Bellamy on October 18, 1952, and by Mrs. David Bellamy on January 16, 1962.

Arrangement
The Francis Julius Bellamy Papers maintain their original arrangement as compiled by the author.

Subject(s):
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Bellamy, Francis
Bellamy, David, 1888-1960
Upham, James B.
Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag (Bellamy, Francis)
Access
The Francis Julius Bellamy papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Francis Julius Bellamy papers, A.B43, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL:


Content List
Box 3: Materials on the Pledge Authorship Controversy
The Pledge of Allegiance, handwritten by Bellamy
Framed Pledge of Allegiance, handwritten by Francis Bellamy for his son David, December 25, 1924
Pledge Authorship Case.
Correspondence and news clippings concerning the authorship of the Pledge of Allegiance. Correspondence includes letters to and from David Bellamy to Colonel J. Moss of the United States Flag Association, Henry A. Strong, Charles C. Tansill of Fordham University between 1937-1939.
1939 decision by a committee of historians appointed by the United States Flag Association that Bellamy was the author.
Clipping and letters concerning the official recognition of the Pledge by Congress in 1945.
The Congressional Record of September 11, 1957 (page A7451) cites that this team declared Bellamy the author.
Pledge Miscellany
Note to "Madame President" concerning the gift of a plaque, (no date) on Eastman House note card.
Your Flag and Mine booklet, 1917
I Pledge Allegiance: A Stirring Play of American Patriotism in One Act, program, 1942
United States Marine Corps "How to Respect and Display Our Flag" booklet, 1942
I Pledge Allegiance, Song, words by Francis Bellamy, music by David Carr Glover, Jr.
Articles about the Pledge
University of Rochester Alumni Review, February-March 1927 (p. 71-73) "Story of the Origin of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag" by Francis Bellamy
"The Pledge of Allegiance" in the Empire State Mason, April 1955 (p.12)
"How the Pledge of Allegiance Came to be Written" The American Legion Magazine, October 1955 (p.14-15, 58-60)
"Francis Bellamy's Pledge" by John R. Russell in The University of Rochester Library Bulletin, Autumn 1957 (p. 9-10)
"A Brief Synopsis of the Story of the Origin of the Pledge Taken from the Detailed Narrative by Francis Bellamy, Author of the Pledge" (copy, no date)
"Patriot's Pledge" paper by Grace and Knickerbacker Davis, for Every Week (no date)
Upham Claims Authorship
Upham Evidence about Authorship of the Pledge
Correspondence, programs and cards concerning the pledge in 1942, mainly from the Women's Relief Corps and Order of the Eastern Star
Margarette Miller Material
Book jacket to Twenty-Three Words: The Life Story of the Author of the Pledge of Allegiance as Told in His Own Words, by Margarette S. Miller
Correspondence
F. G. Wellsman to Margarette S. Miller, October 29, 1942
M. Miller to David Bellamy, November 1, 1942
F. G. Wellsman to M. Miller, November 4, 1942
Harold Roberts to M. Miller, November 10, 1942
Frank Weeksman to M. Miller, November 16, 1942
J. B. Bellamy to M. Miller, November 16, 1942
M. Miller to David Bellamy, November 20, 1942
Flag Day Award Ceremony programs (1952, 1954), organized by Margarette S. Miller
Newspaper clippings re: Pledge 1944-1999; see Box 6, folder 8 for newspaper clippings, 2000-present
Flag Day newspaper clippings
New York State Freedom Train and New York State Library
Decisions in Authorship Case
Box 4: Materials on Bellamy's Life and Pledge (chronologically arranged)
Francis Bellamy Death and Memorials
Columbus Day Letters, 1892-1893
Correspondence with Daniel Ford, 1893-1895
Correspondence with Edward W. Bok and Lorillard Spencer, 1895-1896
Letter to Francis Bellamy from Theodore Roosevelt, September 30, 1895
Free Mason Membership Certificate, 1886
Correspondence with the Youth's Companion, 1896-1923
Letter to Francis Bellamy from Grover Cleveland, April 7, 1897
Letter to Francis Bellamy from Grover Cleveland, September 26, 1897
Souvenirs of Trip to Europe, 1901
Correspondence with Park Allen, 1915
Letters, extracts, affidavits concerning the Pledge, 1917-1956
Correspondence concerning the Pledge, March-September 1923
R. Malone (President of the Postal Life Insurance Company) to Francis Bellamy, March 12, 1923
Chas. H. Mills (Director of Publicity for the Boy Scouts of America) to Francis Bellamy, March 16, 1923
Francis Bellamy (?) to Colver Gordon, March 22, 1923
Clinton T. Brainard (President of Harper and Brothers) to Francis Bellamy, March 26, 1923
Einer F. Meyer to Francis Bellamy, April 10, 1923
John M. Siddall to Francis Bellamy, April 17, 1923
E. S. Martin (Secretary of the Editorial Board of the Boy Scouts of America) to Mrs. W. N. McKay, May 6, 1929 (misdated? 1923?)
Elizabeth Ogden Wood (Mrs. Henry A. Wise Wood) to Francis Bellamy, May 7, 1923
Francis Bellamy to Dwight Braman, May 10, 1923
D. Braman (President of the Allied Patriotic Societies, Inc.) to F. Bellamy, May 11, 1923
Charles W. Green to F. Bellamy, May 11, 1923
Francis Bellamy to Lawrence Abbott (The Outlook), May 18, 1923
Harold Roberts to Francis Bellamy, May 19, 1923
F. Bellamy to H. Roberts, May 22, 1923
Charles W. Green to F. Bellamy, May 23, 1923
H. Roberts to F. Bellamy, May 24, 1923
F. Bellamy to Doctor Green, May 25, 1923
F. Bellamy to Einar F. Meyer, May 25, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to Elon H. Hooker, May 28, 1923
S. Keith Evans to F. Bellamy, May 29, 1923
S. Keith Evans to William Hamlin Childs, May 29, 1923
F. Bellamy to Charles W. Green, June 1, 1923
Telegram from Benton Bellamy to Francis Bellamy, June 15, 1923
F. Bellamy to C. M. Penfield, June 25, 1923
F. Bellamy to William Hamlin Childs, July 23, 1923
F. Bellamy to Elon Huntington Hooker, July 23, 1923
F. Bellamy to Henry A. Wise Wood, July 23, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to F. Bellamy, July 30, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to William Hamlin Childs, August 1, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to Elon H. Hooker, August 1, 1923
F. Bellamy to Elon Huntington Hooker, August 2, 1923
F. Bellamy to William Hamlin Childs, August 3, 1923
LeRoy Philips to F. Bellamy, September 2, 1923
LeRoy Philips to F. Bellamy, September 9, 1923
Non-dated material relating to this correspondence
Correspondence, primarily to his son, David, 1923-1931
Correspondence with Lue Stuart Wadsworth, 1923-1940
Correspondence between David Bellamy and LeRoy Phillips, 1923-1956
Correspondence between David Bellamy and Harold Roberts, 1937-1942
Correspondence between David Bellamy and World Almanac and Bartlett's Quotations, 1939-1959
Correspondence between David Bellamy and dignitaries of Massachusetts, 1942-1956
Correspondence between David Bellamy, Margarette S. Miller and Archie Birtwell, December 1955 - August 1956
Correspondence between David Bellamy and American Legion Magazine, January-March 1956
Correspondence between David Bellamy and Christian Science Monitor, February-April 1956
Correspondence between David Bellamy and Encyclopedia Americana, January-March 1956
Correspondence between David Bellamy and Encyclopedia Britannica, January-March 1956
Photographs of Francis Bellamy, small autograph collection collected by Bellamy.
Box 5: Writings by Bellamy
Writings by Bellamy (see also exhibit C, box 1, folder 3)
Columbus Day Oration, October 21, 1892
The Illustrated American, edited by Francis Bellamy, 1896
The Bookman, 1899, containing an article by Francis Bellamy
The Criterion, edited by Francis Bellamy, 1900
"The Metropolitan Pulpit," series in The Sun and replies, 1901
Newspaper Clippings about and written by Bellamy (before 1900)
Bellamy writings:
Diaries (see also Exhibit Group C, Box 1, Folder 3)
Vacation Diary, 1890
Diary, 1896
Paper, "The Need for Organized Publicity for the University of Rochester" n.d.
"Municipal Government" by Rev. Francis Bellamy of Boston, Mass. A paper read before the ninth annual session of the Baptist Congress, New Haven, Conn., November 11, 1890. (2 copies)
"What Play for Individuality under Socialism?" handwritten by Bellamy (note on front indicates he presented this at:
Reality Club in 1890
National Club in 1890
Nationalist Club in 1891
Current Events Club, Portland, January 13, 1892
[?] Club, New York, May 13, 1896
Letter to the Committee on Christian Work of the Social Union from F. Bellamy, January 1, 1891
"The Tyranny of All the People" by Francis Bellamy, in The Arena July, 1891 (p. 180-191)
"Is America Developing an Aristocracy?" in Everybody's Magazine June 1904 (p.772-784).
An Address Before the Alumni" by Francis Bellamy, Class of 1876, Bulletin of the University of Rochester, The Fifty-Sixth Commencement, June 1906 (Appendix)
"Oil Magnate is No Hypocrite in Ordinary Sense: Francis Bellamy Discusses Political and Business Graft," Rochester Herald, June 19, 1906
"Little Advertising Stories" in Everybody's Magazine, by Francis Bellamy
"Where is the 'Faith,' in Advertising or in Not Advertising?" (no date)
"It's All in the Shreds" n.d.
"There is Quality in Every Drop," n.d.
Little Advertising Stories booklet, with name of "Robert Frothingham" crossed out and "Francis Bellamy" penciled below, 1910
"There's a Reason," 1910
"The Silver Plate That Wears," n.d.
"The Autobiography of a Life Assurance Agent" reprinted from Everybody's Magazine, March 1903
"A War Story of American Enterprise" The Saturday Evening Post, November 7, 1914 (also printed in Everybody's Magazine, n.d.)
"A Newcomer into an Ancient Family" in Everybody's Magazine, May 1915
A New Plan for Counter-Attack on the Nations Internal Foes: How to Mobilize the Masses to Support Primary American Doctrines by Francis Bellamy, May 1, 1923
Un-Dated Materials written by Bellamy
"Why Roosevelt is our Best Guarantee of Peace" published in unidentified magazine.
The Prospectus of a Unique and Popular Family Monthly Magazine to be called "The People" Presented by Francis Bellamy, author of the Idea of this Magazine, typescript.
"Strict Accountability" as Applied to the President, by Francis Bellamy, Issued by the National Hughes Alliance, typescript.
"Gossip about the New President Roosevelt" manuscript.
"How I Came to Be a Nurse" by Franklin Bell (Francis Bellamy penciled in)
"The Oldest Piano in America" by Francis Bellamy from Everybody's Magazine
"What the Article in Everybody's Magazine said concerning the KNABE Piano"
"Everybody's Educational Directory: College Preparatory and Military Schools for Boys," "Country or City Schools for Girls," and "Why Go Away to School?"
The Fortune Hunter by Francis Bellamy
How I came to Be an Advertising Man by Francis Bellamy, typescript.
No title, "For this once, let us talk about a piano without a single superlative...", typescript.
Box 6: Added Material
Bellamy Tablet at the University of Rochester, 1937
Copies of Materials lent to the Rome, NY Bicentennial Committee 1975 and Mt. Morris Historical Society 1980
The Pledge of Allegiance: A Centennial History, 1892-1992, by John W. Baer
Prologue, Quarterly of the National Archives, Winter 1992
Letter from National Archives to University of Rochester Rare Books and Special Collections regarding the "I Pledge Allegiance" exhibit, October 6, 1992
Photographs from the National Archives "I Pledge Allegiance" exhibit
"I Pledge Allegiance" stamps, 1992
News clippings and cartoons about the Pledge, 2000-present; see Box 3, folder 10 for older newspaper clippings
"Patriotic Pledge Program" cassette tapes of famous Americans saying the Pledge of Allegiance, 1993 (Adobe Acrobat .pdf listing of speakers)
Photocopies of Pledge materials -- perhaps used in an exhibit at one time?
The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America: An Historical Report/Review by Paul J. Upham, July 9, 1996
"Our Most Quoted Alumnus," by Elizabeth Brayer Rochester Review, Spring 1998
"To Die For: The Paradox of American Patriotism" by Cecelia Elizabeth O'Leary, 1999
Court ruling that "under God" is unconstitutional, 2002
CD-ROM recording of Fresh Air with Terry Gross, July 9, 2002: Commentary on the Pledge of Allegiance
Proceedings from Newdow vs. US (court case ruling that "under God" is unconstitutional) 2002
Clippings and copies of newspaper articles on court ruling, 2002
Supreme Court decision of Elk Grove Unified School District et al. v. Newdow et al. 2004.
CD-ROM recording of Fresh Air with Terry Gross, June 28, 2005 interview of Richard Ellis, author of To theFlag : the Unlikely History of the Pledge of Allegiance
Miscellaneous on Pledge and the University of Rochester
Microfiche and Photocopies of Interviews regarding pledge from Scrapbook A
Correspondence of Robert W. Warren and others regarding a commemorative U.S. postal stamp to honor Francis Bellamy, 1992
Video tape of "God and Country" episode 3 of PBS television program, Flashpoints USA with Bryant Gumbel and Gwen Ifill, January 27, 2004
Box 7: 78 RPM Records of Francis Bellamy Awards
Two 78 RPM records of Francis Bellamy Award by J.C. Brigman, March 14, 1953


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