Francis Julius Bellamy Papers

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Francis Julius Bellamy papers
Creator: Bellamy, Francis
Call Number: A.B43
Dates: 1890-2003
Physical Description: 7 boxes, 1 package
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Table of Contents:

Revision Information
Biographical/Historical Note
Scope and Content
Arrangement
Subject(s)
Access
Use
Citation
Content List
Exhibits
Materials on the Pledge authorship controversy
Materials on Bellamy's life and pledge (chronologically arranged)
Writings by Bellamy
Added material
78 RPM Records of Francis Bellamy Awards
Collection Overview
Title: Francis Julius Bellamy papers
Creator: Bellamy, Francis
Call Number: A.B43
Dates: 1890-2003
Physical Description: 7 boxes, 1 package
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

Biographical/Historical Note
Francis Bellamy was an author, editor, and publicity director born in Mount Morris, NY in 1855. He attended Rome Free Academy in Rome, NY, the University of Rochester (1872-1876) and the Rochester Theological Seminary (1876-1880). After serving as a Baptist minister from 1880-1891, he began working as a writer at the Youth's Companion, a magazine in Boston. There he helped plan a National Public School Celebration for Columbus Day in 1892, for which the Pledge of Allegiance was written. At the time the Pledge was written no specific individual was credited with its authorship. Rather, in reference to the magazine that sponsored the initial program, it became known as the "Youth's Companion Flag Pledge." As the Pledge gained fame many were eager to claim credit for its authorship; however the controversy focused primarily on James Upham and Francis Bellamy, who were editor and associate editor of the Companion at the time. The latter's claim was supported by his son, David Bellamy, who spent a number of years substantiating his father's claim and gaining public recognition for him as author of the Pledge.

A committee of historians appointed by the United States Flag Association in 1939 examined evidence presented by David Bellamy and the family of James Upham, ruling that Bellamy was the author. The controversy arose again in 1956 when news reports again asserted Upham's authorship. The Library of Congress appointed a team to finalize the decision as to the authorship of the Pledge. The Library of Congress Legislative Reference Service issued a report affirming Francis Bellamy as the author of the Pledge in 1957.

Scope and Content
The first two boxes of the collection contain exhibits compiled by Francis Bellamy's son, David, in his effort to establish the authenticity of his father's claim. The following four boxes include correspondence about the pledge controversy, speeches and articles written by Francis Bellamy, along with news clippings and articles written both about Bellamy and the pledge. This collection is closely related to collection D.147, David Bellamy Papers, 1892-1980.

Presented to the University of Rochester Library by David Bellamy on October 18, 1952, and by Mrs. David Bellamy on January 16, 1962.

Arrangement
The Francis Julius Bellamy Papers maintain their original arrangement as compiled by the author.

Subject(s):
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Bellamy, Francis
Bellamy, David, 1888-1960
Upham, James B.
Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag (Bellamy, Francis)
Access
The Francis Julius Bellamy papers is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.Use
Reproductions are made upon request but can be subject to restrictions. Permission to publish materials from the collection must currently be requested. Please note that some materials may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information contact rarebks@library.rochester.eduCitation
[Item title, item date], Francis Julius Bellamy papers, A.B43, Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL:


Revision Information
March 2022: Finding aid was revised to update formatting.

Content List
Exhibits
Box 1Scrapbook- Exhibit A
Contents removed and placed in folders in original order. See package containing September 8, 1892 issue of The Youth's Companion and October 1892 issue of the Columbian Exposition.

Original cover of scrapbook
Pages 1-10 of scrapbook
Pages 11-20 of scrapbook
Pages 21-30 of scrapbook
Pages 31-40 of scrapbook
Pages 41-50 of scrapbook
Pages 51-60 of scrapbook
Pages 61-70 of scrapbook
Pages 71-80 of scrapbook
Pages 81-90 of scrapbook
Pages 91-100 of scrapbook
Pages 101-110 of scrapbook
Pages that fell out of the scrapbook, without numbering
Pages that fell out of the scrapbook, without numbering
Two ribbons commemorating the Columbus Day Celebration, 1892
Box 2, Folder 2Exhibits Group B, 1-13
Exhibit B-1: Affidavit by Francis Bellamy, August 12, 1923
Exhibit B-2: Affidavit by Francis Bellamy, August 30, 1923
Exhibit B-3: Affidavit by Francis Bellamy, September 1, 1923
Exhibit B-4: Letter from Harold Roberts to Francis Bellamy, March 15, 1923
Exhibit B-5: Affidavit by Harold Roberts, March 19, 1923
Exhibit B-6: Letter from Harold Roberts to David Bellamy, March 29, 1937
Exhibit B-7: Letter from Harold Roberts to David Bellamy, March 7, 1939
Exhibit B-8: Affidavit of Mrs. Lou Stuart Wadsworth, April 28, 1923
Exhibit B-9: Copy of the American Flag Company's pamphlet, undated
Exhibit B-10: Letter from Mrs. John Winfield Scott to Francis Bellamy, July 15, 1923
Exhibit B-11: Letter from Mrs. H. Underhau (Secretary to Francis Bellamy at the Youth's Companion in 1892) to Francis Bellamy, August 7, 1923
Exhibit B-12: Statement of LeRoy Phillips, November 8, 1923
Exhibit B-13: Letter from LeRoy Phillips to Mrs. Wadsworth, and typed copy similar to #13, May 10, 1936
Box 2, Folder 2aExhibits Group B, 14-18
Exhibit B-14: Journal of the 12th National Convention of Women's Relief Corps acknowledging Francis Bellamy for use of the pledge, September 1894
Exhibit B-15: "Acme Haversack of Patriotism Song" acknowledging Francis Bellamy for writing the pledge, March 1895
Exhibit B-16: Women's National Relief Corps "Story of Origin and Author of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag", 1923, reprinted 1936.
Exhibit B-17: "Old Glory Club" Year Book: credits Francis Bellamy for the pledge authorship
Exhibit B-18: Letter from Francis Bellamy to Mrs. Scott, July 7, 1923
Exhibit B-19: Letter from John Scott (Mrs. Scott's son) to David Bellamy, December 23, 1941
Exhibit B-20: Ritual for Patriotic Teaching in Public Schools
Exhibit B-21: Letter from Lillian Preston Hull, niece of Bellamy, August 23, 1940
Exhibit B-22: Report on origin an author of pledge by Mrs. L. S. Wadsworth
Exhibit B-23: Affidavit of J. B. Bellamy (son of Francis Bellamy)
Exhibit B-24: Letter from Roland P. Wirths to David Bellamy, April 4, 1956
Box 2, Folder 3Exhibits Group C
Diary: "The last days at Newton Highlands" (see also Box 3, Folder 1), 1896
Exhibit C-1: "A twenty-three Word National Creed" Original Manuscript by Francis Bellamy
Exhibit C-2: "Twenty- three Word National Creed" by Francis Bellamy p. 14 of the Elk's Magazine, June 1924
Exhibit C-3: "Story of the Origination of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag" by Francis Bellamy
Exhibit C-4: "Pledge Allegiance to the Flag" by Francis Bellamy in Stone and Webster Journal
Box 2, Folder 4Exhibit Group D
Exhibit D-1: News clipping: Rome Daily Sentinel, "Pledge to Flag Author Honored by Elks" photograph, April 15, 1937
Exhibit D-2: Letter from J. J. Strong (chairman of the Elk's Committee) to David Bellamy, March 7, 1937
Exhibit D-3: Elk's Handbook citing Bellamy as author of pledge on cover
Exhibit D-4: News Clipping: Rochester Democrat and Chronicle: "Plaque Dedicated to Flag Pledge Author" in Todd Union, University of Rochester, October 13, 1937
Exhibit D-5: Program of Dedication at University of Rochester, October 12, 1937
Exhibit D-6: Familiar Quotations by John Bartlett, citing Bellamy as author of the pledge, 1937
Box 2, Folder 5Exhibit Group E
Exhibit E-1: "Francis M. Bellamy, Patriotic Writer, Dies" New York Times, August 30, 1931
Exhibit E-2: "Flag Pledge Author Dies at Home Here" Tampa Daily Times, August 29, 1931
Exhibit E-3: "Author of Flag Pledge Dies at His Home Here" Tampa Tribune, August 29, 1931
Exhibit E-4: "His Words Will Live Forever" Tampa Tribune, September 1, 1931
Exhibit E-5: Rochester Alumni Review, page 16, October/November 1931
Exhibit E-6: "This is Flag Day, Let's Take the Pledge Again" Tampa Daily Times, June 14, 1931
Exhibit E-7: "Roman Lived to See U. S. Adopt Famed Flag Salute" Utica Observer, August 28, 1936
Exhibit E-8: "Wrote Pledge of Allegiance" Central Press Release, January 16, 1936
Box 2, Folder 6Exhibit Groups F-G
Exhibit F-1: Letter from Seth Mendell (editor of the Youth's Companion) to Francis Bellamy, reiterating the company's policy of anonymity, October 27, 1910
Exhibit F-2: Envelope postmarked 1918 from the editors of the Youth's Companion. Enclosed are two cards describing the Pledge as the Youth's Companion Pledge written by Youth's Companion men
Exhibit F-3: "The Pledge to the Flag" Youth's Companion Editorial, December 20, 1917
Exhibit F-4: Letter to Francis Bellamy from the Perry Mason Co. (Youth's Companion), July 9, 1923
Exhibit F-5: Youth's Companion Flag Pledge, undated
Exhibit F-6: "Sunday School Tidings" contains obituary notice for Mr. Upham, with no mention of the Pledge, December 1905
Exhibit G-1: Brief History of the Bellamy Family- no author, undated
Box 2, Folder 7Exhibit Groups H-I
Exhibit H-1: Letter from Col. Moss (US Flag Association), February 18, 1939
Exhibit H-2: Letter from David Bellamy to Col. Moss, March 14, 1939
Exhibit H-3: Letter from Charles C. Tansill to David Bellamy, March 23, 1939
Exhibit H-4: Letter from Charles C. Tansill to David Bellamy, April 19, 1939
Exhibit H-5: Letter from Charles C. Tansill to David Bellamy, April 24, 1939
Exhibit H-6: Letter from Charles C. Tansill to David Bellamy, May 8, 1939
Exhibit H-7: Letter from Charles C. Tansill to David Bellamy, May 14, 1939
Exhibit H-8: Letter from Col. Moss to David Bellamy, May 25, 1939
Exhibit H-9: Letter from Charles C. Tansill to David Bellamy, May 31, 1939
Exhibit I-1: "Freedom Train to Carry Original Copy of Pledge of Allegiance" Rochester Colgate Divinity School Bulletin, January 1949
Exhibit I-2: Congressional Record, June 4, 1945
Exhibit I-3: Letter from LeRoy Phillips, September 9, 1945
Exhibit I-4: Letter from Marion H. Brasier (President, Old Glory Club, DAR), May 18, 1929
Exhibit I-5: Columbus Day Oration by Francis Bellamy, October 1892
Exhibit I-6: Order of the Eastern Star 73rd Annual Session of Grand Chapter
Exhibit I-7: Letter from Daniel Ford (owner of the Youth's Companion) to Francis Bellamy, January 31, 1895
Exhibit I-8: Letter from Laurence Abbott (President of the Outlook Company) to Francis Bellamy, May 27, 1918
Exhibit I-9: Letter from McClure's Magazine to Francis Bellamy, June 18, 1917
Box 2, Folder 8Exhibit Group J
Exhibit J-1: Letter from Lue Wadsworth to Francis Bellamy, July 8, 1923
Exhibit J-2: Letter from the editors of the Youth's Companion to Lue Wadsworth, May 10, 1923
Exhibit J-3: Letter from Francis Bellamy to Lue Wadsworth, July 12, 1923
Exhibit J-4: Letter from Wadsworth to Bellamy, August 1, 1923
Exhibit J-5: Letter from Bellamy to Wadsworth, August 3, 1923
Exhibit J-6: Letter from Wadsworth to Bellamy, August 9, 1923
Exhibit J-7: Letter from Wadsworth To Bellamy, August 26, 1923
Exhibit J-8: Letter from Bellamy to Wadsworth, August 30, 1923
Exhibit J-9: Letter from Wadsworth to Bellamy, August 31, 1923
Exhibit J-10: Letter from Bellamy to Wadsworth, May 20, 1924
Exhibit J-11: Letter from Francis Bellamy to LeRoy Phillips, September 4, 1923
Exhibit J-12: Letter from Harold Roberts to David Bellamy, June 13, 1939
Exhibit J-13: Letter from LeRoy Phillips to Francis Bellamy, April 28, 1945
Exhibit J-14: Letter from Francis Bellamy to grandson John B. Bellamy II, March 21, 1931
Materials on the Pledge authorship controversy
Box 3, Folder 1The Pledge of Allegiance, handwritten by Bellamy
Box 3, Folder 2Framed Pledge of Allegiance, handwritten by Francis Bellamy for his son David, December 25, 1924
Box 3, Folder 3Pledge Authorship Case
Correspondence and news clippings concerning the authorship of the Pledge of Allegiance. Correspondence includes letters to and from David Bellamy to Colonel J. Moss of the United States Flag Association, Henry A. Strong, Charles C. Tansill of Fordham University, 1937-1939
Decision by a committee of historians appointed by the United States Flag Association that Bellamy was the author, 1939
Clipping and letters concerning the official recognition of the Pledge by Congress, 1945
The Congressional Record of September 11, 1957 (page A7451) cites that this team declared Bellamy the author.

Box 3, Folder 4Pledge miscellany
Note to "Madame President" concerning the gift of a plaque on Eastman House note card, undated
"Your Flag and Mine" booklet, 1917
I Pledge Allegiance: A Stirring Play of American Patriotism in One Act, program, 1942
United States Marine Corps "How to Respect and Display Our Flag" booklet, 1942
I Pledge Allegiance, Song, words by Francis Bellamy, music by David Carr Glover, Jr.
Box 3, Folder 5Articles about the Pledge
University of Rochester Alumni Review (p. 71-73) "Story of the Origin of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag" by Francis Bellamy, February-March 1927
"The Pledge of Allegiance" in the Empire State Mason (p.12), April 1955
"How the Pledge of Allegiance Came to be Written" The American Legion Magazine (p.14-15, 58-60), October 1955
"Francis Bellamy's Pledge" by John R. Russell in The University of Rochester Library Bulletin (p. 9-10), Autumn 1957
"A Brief Synopsis of the Story of the Origin of the Pledge Taken from the Detailed Narrative by Francis Bellamy, Author of the Pledge" (copy, undated)
"Patriot's Pledge" paper by Grace and Knickerbacker Davis, for Every Week, undated
Box 3, Folder 6Upham Claims Authorship
Box 3, Folder 7Upham evidence about authorship of the Pledge
Box 3, Folder 8Correspondence, programs and cards concerning the pledge, mainly from the Women's Relief Corps and Order of the Eastern Star, 1942
Box 3, Folder 9Margarette Miller material
Book jacket to Twenty-Three Words: The Life Story of the Author of the Pledge of Allegiance as Told in His Own Words, by Margarette S. Miller
Correspondence
F. G. Wellsman to Margarette S. Miller, October 29, 1942
M. Miller to David Bellamy, November 1, 1942
F. G. Wellsman to M. Miller, November 4, 1942
Harold Roberts to M. Miller, November 10, 1942
Frank Weeksman to M. Miller, November 16, 1942
J. B. Bellamy to M. Miller, November 16, 1942
M. Miller to David Bellamy, November 20, 1942
Flag Day Award Ceremony programs, organized by Margarette S. Miller, 1952, 1954
Box 3, Folder 10Newspaper clippings re: Pledge, 1944-1999
See Box 6, folder 8 for newspaper clippings, 2000-present.

Box 3, Folder 11Flag Day newspaper clippings
Box 3, Folder 12New York State Freedom Train and New York State Library
Box 3, Folder 13Decisions in authorship case
Materials on Bellamy's life and pledge (chronologically arranged)
Box 4, Folder 1Francis Bellamy death and memorials
Box 4, Folder 2Columbus Day Letters, 1892-1893
Box 4, Folder 3Correspondence with Daniel Ford, 1893-1895
Box 4, Folder 4Correspondence with Edward W. Bok and Lorillard Spencer, 1895-1896
Box 4, Folder 5Letter to Francis Bellamy from Theodore Roosevelt, September 30, 1895
Box 4, Folder 6Freemason membership certificate, 1886
Box 4, Folder 7Correspondence with the Youth's Companion, 1896-1923
Box 4, Folder 8Letter to Francis Bellamy from Grover Cleveland, April 7, 1897
Box 4, Folder 9Letter to Francis Bellamy from Grover Cleveland, September 26, 1897
Box 4, Folder 10Souvenirs of trip to Europe, 1901
Box 4, Folder 11Correspondence with Park Allen, 1915
Box 4, Folder 12Letters, extracts, affidavits concerning the Pledge, 1917-1956
Box 4, Folder 13Correspondence concerning the Pledge, March-September 1923
R. Malone (President of the Postal Life Insurance Company) to Francis Bellamy, March 12, 1923
Chas. H. Mills (Director of Publicity for the Boy Scouts of America) to Francis Bellamy, March 16, 1923
Francis Bellamy (?) to Colver Gordon, March 22, 1923
Clinton T. Brainard (President of Harper and Brothers) to Francis Bellamy, March 26, 1923
Einer F. Meyer to Francis Bellamy, April 10, 1923
John M. Siddall to Francis Bellamy, April 17, 1923
E. S. Martin (Secretary of the Editorial Board of the Boy Scouts of America) to Mrs. W. N. McKay, May 6, 1929 (misdated? 1923?)
Elizabeth Ogden Wood (Mrs. Henry A. Wise Wood) to Francis Bellamy, May 7, 1923
Francis Bellamy to Dwight Braman, May 10, 1923
D. Braman (President of the Allied Patriotic Societies, Inc.) to F. Bellamy, May 11, 1923
Charles W. Green to F. Bellamy, May 11, 1923
Francis Bellamy to Lawrence Abbott (The Outlook), May 18, 1923
Harold Roberts to Francis Bellamy, May 19, 1923
F. Bellamy to H. Roberts, May 22, 1923
Charles W. Green to F. Bellamy, May 23, 1923
H. Roberts to F. Bellamy, May 24, 1923
F. Bellamy to Doctor Green, May 25, 1923
F. Bellamy to Einar F. Meyer, May 25, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to Elon H. Hooker, May 28, 1923
S. Keith Evans to F. Bellamy, May 29, 1923
S. Keith Evans to William Hamlin Childs, May 29, 1923
F. Bellamy to Charles W. Green, June 1, 1923
Telegram from Benton Bellamy to Francis Bellamy, June 15, 1923
F. Bellamy to C. M. Penfield, June 25, 1923
F. Bellamy to William Hamlin Childs, July 23, 1923
F. Bellamy to Elon Huntington Hooker, July 23, 1923
F. Bellamy to Henry A. Wise Wood, July 23, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to F. Bellamy, July 30, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to William Hamlin Childs, August 1, 1923
Henry A. Wise Wood to Elon H. Hooker, August 1, 1923
F. Bellamy to Elon Huntington Hooker, August 2, 1923
F. Bellamy to William Hamlin Childs, August 3, 1923
LeRoy Philips to F. Bellamy, September 2, 1923
LeRoy Philips to F. Bellamy, September 9, 1923
Material relating to this correspondence, undated
Box 4, Folder 14Correspondence, primarily to his son, David, 1923-1931
Box 4, Folder 15Correspondence with Lue Stuart Wadsworth, 1923-1940
Box 4, Folder 16Correspondence between David Bellamy and LeRoy Phillips, 1923-1956
Box 4, Folder 17Correspondence between David Bellamy and Harold Roberts, 1937-1942
Box 4, Folder 18Correspondence between David Bellamy and World Almanac and Bartlett's Quotations, 1939-1959
Box 4, Folder 18Correspondence between David Bellamy and dignitaries of Massachusetts, 1942-1956
Box 4, Folder 19Correspondence between David Bellamy, Margarette S. Miller and Archie Birtwell, December 1955 - August 1956
Box 4, Folder 20Correspondence between David Bellamy and American Legion Magazine, January-March 1956
Box 4, Folder 21Correspondence between David Bellamy and Christian Science Monitor, February-April 1956
Box 4, Folder 22Correspondence between David Bellamy and Encyclopedia Americana, January-March 1956
Box 4, Folder 23Correspondence between David Bellamy and Encyclopedia Britannica, January-March 1956
Box 4, Folder 24Photographs of Francis Bellamy, small autograph collection collected by Bellamy
Writings by Bellamy
Box 5, Folder 1Writings by Bellamy (see also exhibit C, box 1, folder 3)
Columbus Day Oration, October 21, 1892
Box 5, Folder 2The Illustrated American, edited by Francis Bellamy, 1896
Box 5, Folder 3The Bookman containing an article by Francis Bellamy, 1899
Box 5, Folder 4The Criterion, edited by Francis Bellamy, 1900
Box 5, Folder 5"The Metropolitan Pulpit," series in The Sun and replies, 1901
Box 5, Folder 6Newspaper clippings about and written by Bellamy, before 1900
Box 5, Folder 7Bellamy writings
Diaries (see also Exhibit Group C, Box 1, Folder 3)
Vacation Diary, 1890
Diary, 1896
Paper, "The Need for Organized Publicity for the University of Rochester", undated
"Municipal Government" by Rev. Francis Bellamy of Boston, Mass., November 11, 1890
A paper read before the ninth annual session of the Baptist Congress, New Haven, Conn.

"What Play for Individuality under Socialism?" handwritten by Bellamy (note on front indicates he presented this at:
Reality Club, 1890
National Club, 1890
Nationalist Club, 1891
Current Events Club, Portland, January 13, 1892
[?] Club, New York, May 13, 1896
Letter to the Committee on Christian Work of the Social Union from F. Bellamy, January 1, 1891
"The Tyranny of All the People" by Francis Bellamy, in The Arena (p. 180-191), July 1891
"Is America Developing an Aristocracy?" in Everybody's Magazine (p.772-784), June 1904
"An Address Before the Alumni" by Francis Bellamy, Class of 1876, Bulletin of the University of Rochester, The Fifty-Sixth Commencement, (Appendix), June 1906
"Oil Magnate is No Hypocrite in Ordinary Sense: Francis Bellamy Discusses Political and Business Graft," Rochester Herald, June 19, 1906
"Little Advertising Stories" in Everybody's Magazine by Francis Bellamy
"Where is the 'Faith,' in Advertising or in Not Advertising?", undated
"It's All in the Shreds", undated
"There is Quality in Every Drop", undated
Little Advertising Stories booklet, with name of "Robert Frothingham" crossed out and "Francis Bellamy" penciled below, 1910
"There's a Reason", 1910
"The Silver Plate That Wears", undated
"The Autobiography of a Life Assurance Agent" reprinted from Everybody's Magazine, March 1903
"A War Story of American Enterprise" The Saturday Evening Post, November 7, 1914
This article was also printed in Everybody's Magazine.

"A Newcomer into an Ancient Family" in Everybody's Magazine, May 1915
"A New Plan for Counter-Attack on the Nations Internal Foes: How to Mobilize the Masses to Support Primary American Doctrines," by Francis Bellamy, May 1, 1923
Box 5, Folder 8Undated materials written by Bellamy
"Why Roosevelt is our Best Guarantee of Peace" published in unidentified magazine
The Prospectus of a Unique and Popular Family Monthly Magazine to be called "The People" Presented by Francis Bellamy, author of the Idea of this Magazine, typescript.
"Strict Accountability" as Applied to the President, by Francis Bellamy, Issued by the National Hughes Alliance, typescript.
"Gossip about the New President Roosevelt" manuscript.
"How I Came to Be a Nurse" by Franklin Bell (Francis Bellamy penciled in)
"The Oldest Piano in America" by Francis Bellamy from Everybody's Magazine
"What the Article in Everybody's Magazine said concerning the KNABE Piano"
"Everybody's Educational Directory: College Preparatory and Military Schools for Boys," "Country or City Schools for Girls," and "Why Go Away to School?"
"The Fortune Hunter," by Francis Bellamy
"How I came to Be an Advertising Man," by Francis Bellamy, typescript.
No title, "For this once, let us talk about a piano without a single superlative...", typescript
Added material
Box 6Bellamy Tablet at the University of Rochester, 1937
Box 6Copies of materials lent to the Rome, NY Bicentennial Committee (1975) and Mt. Morris Historical Society (1980)
Box 6"The Pledge of Allegiance: A Centennial History, 1892-1992," by John W. Baer, 1992
Box 6Prologue, Quarterly of the National Archives, Winter 1992
Box 6Letter from National Archives to University of Rochester Rare Books and Special Collections regarding the "I Pledge Allegiance" exhibit, October 6, 1992
Box 6Photographs from the National Archives "I Pledge Allegiance" exhibit
Box 6"I Pledge Allegiance" stamps, 1992
Box 6News clippings and cartoons about the Pledge, 2000-ongoing
See Box 3, folder 10 for older newspaper clippings.

Box 6"Patriotic Pledge Program" cassette tapes of famous Americans saying the Pledge of Allegiance, 1993
Please reference this pdf for a listing of speakers.

Box 6Photocopies of Pledge materials -- perhaps used in an exhibit at one time?
Box 6"The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America: An Historical Report/Review," by Paul J. Upham, July 9, 1996
Box 6"Our Most Quoted Alumnus," by Elizabeth Brayer. The Rochester Review, Spring 1998
Box 6"To Die For: The Paradox of American Patriotism" by Cecelia Elizabeth O'Leary, 1999
Box 6Court ruling that "under God" is unconstitutional, 2002
CD-ROM recording of Fresh Air with Terry Gross: Commentary on the Pledge of Allegiance, July 9, 2002
Proceedings from Newdow vs. US (court case ruling that "under God" is unconstitutional), 2002
Clippings and copies of newspaper articles on court ruling, 2002
Box 6Supreme Court decision of Elk Grove Unified School District et al. v. Newdow et al., 2004
Box 6CD-ROM recording of Fresh Air with Terry Gross. Interview of Richard Ellis, author of To the Flag: the Unlikely History of the Pledge of Allegiance, June 28, 2005
Box 6Miscellaneous on Pledge and the University of Rochester
Box 6Microfiche and photocopies of interviews regarding pledge from Scrapbook A
Box 6Correspondence of Robert W. Warren and others regarding a commemorative U.S. postal stamp to honor Francis Bellamy, 1992
Box 6Video tape of "God and Country" episode 3 of PBS television program, Flashpoints USA with Bryant Gumbel and Gwen Ifill, January 27, 2004
78 RPM Records of Francis Bellamy Awards
Box 7Two 78 RPM records of Francis Bellamy Award by J.C. Brigman, March 14, 1953


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