Eastman Butterfield Collection

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Collection Overview
Title: Eastman-Butterfield Collection
Creator: Butterfield, Roger, 1907-1981
Call Number: D.4
Dates: 1950s
Physical Description: 9 notebooks
Language(s): Materials are in English
Repository: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation

Access
The EASTMAN-BUTTERFIELD COLLECTION is open for research use. Researchers are advised to contact the Rare Books Special Collections & Preservation Department prior to visiting. Upon arrival, researchers will also be asked to fill out a registration form and provide photo identification.



Use
In consultation with a curator, reproductions may be made upon request. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from a curator. Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions.



Scope and Content
The Eastman-Butterfield Collection consists of a series of notes in nine notebooks, four boxes, and one package. Roger Butterfield assembled the notes in the early 1950s to serve as the resource material for a proposed biography of George Eastman. Although Butterfield never wrote the Eastman biography, he did publish an article, "The Prodigious Life of George Eastman," in the April 26, 1954 issue of Life magazine.

The first eight notebooks contain notes and correspondence arranged in chronological order. These notebooks cover the period from c.1830 until George Eastman's death in 1932. The ninth notebook is comprised of a subject file of key elements of Eastman's life.

Researchers using the notebooks can determine the sources of Butterfield's information by looking at the initial code in the upper left-hand corner of each page. Butterfield's general information came either from the Eastman House (EH) or from the Eastman Kodak Company (EK) files. Material from either of these sources that was derived from examining letters (correspondence) can be distinguished by the presence of an L before the main initials (i.e. LEH and LEK). The Eastman Kodak Company further divided Eastman's letters into personal correspondence boxes and general (mostly business) correspondence boxes. LB stands for Letter Box, the general file, while PLB denotes the Personal Letter Box. Much of the Eastman Kodak Company correspondence collection had already been excerpted and transcribed by Kodak employees before Butterfield began his research. Butterfield notes in the text of the notebooks which letters he has only seen in incomplete transcribed versions. The Eastman House files were transferred to the Department of Rare Books, & Special Collections and can now be found in D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers .

The collection also contains four boxes and one package. The first three boxes include interviews, notes, newspaper clippings, pamphlets and other research materials. The first box contains a series of interviews and interview notes gathered by Butterfield. The interviews shed light on Eastman's private and public life, on his management of the Eastman Kodak Company, and on the continuing development of the Company since his death. The second box contains Butterfield's notes and printed materials having to do with George Eastman himself. The third box contains notes and clippings about the development of photography in general, and some specific information about the Eastman Kodak Company. This box also contains printed material distributed by Eastman Kodak to its stockholders. The last box contains copies of Butterfield's book contracts for the writing of the Eastman biography and correspondence pertaining to the proposed book.



Subject(s):
New York (State)--Rochester
Photography
Notebooks
Eastman, George, 1854-1932
Immediate Source of Acquisition
This collection was the gift of Roger Butterfield in September, 1971.

Citation
(Name of item, if applicable), EASTMAN-BUTTERFIELD COLLECTION, [DATE SPAN]. Dept. of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation, River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester.

Related Material
The Eastman-Butterfield Collection is one of five collections of materials relating to George Eastman in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections. The other four collections are:

D.85, the George Eastman House Construction Papers, 1902-1906 , which consists of correspondence, including some to and from George Eastman, agreements, contracts, etc., relating to the construction of the home of George Eastman at 350 (now 900) East Avenue, Rochester, New York;

D.137, the Bachmann (Lawrence) Papers , a collection of notes and a draft of a proposed biography of Eastman; and

D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers , composed of Eastman's correspondence, printed ephemera, and over 4,000 photographs and negatives depicting George Eastman, his family, his friends, his homes in Waterville and at 900 East Avenue, and early Kodak factories and workers.

D.139, Eastman Research Materials , is a collection of miscellaneous items, including scrapbooks, taped oral histories, photographs, and an extensive newspaper clipping file. As relevant material is acquired, it will be added to this collection.




Administrative Information
Author: Finding aid prepared by Rare Books and Special Collections staff
Publisher: Department of Rare Books, Special Collections, and Preservation
Address:
Rush Rhees Library
Second Floor, Room 225
Rochester, NY 14627-0055
rarebks@library.rochester.edu
URL: http://www.library.rochester.edu/rbscp


Content List
Contents:
Notebooks: 1. c. 1830-1878 2. 1879-1889 3. 1890-1895 4. 1896-1901 5. 1902-1906 6. 1907-1911 7. 1912-1918 8. 1919-1932 9. Subject file -- biographical; business; family; finances; gifts; homes; legal; patents; personal; philosophy; philanthropy; photography; travel; women; his death
Box 1: Interview notes
Folder 1:
C. S. Abbott Gertrude Strong Achilles, daughter of Henry Strong Carl W. Ackerman, biographer Bill Adams, barber (?) Irving Adams, early competitor of Eastman Dr. Rufus A. Adams, physician, original stockholder Isaac Adler, solicited by Eastman to be trustee of Bureau of Municipal Research Mortimer Adler, associated on Community Chest beginning 1917 Carl Akeley, from Carl Akeley's Africa, by Mary L. Akeley Harold E. Akerly, former employee and companion on trip Linda Allard - Eastman Kodak Co., in charge of Eastman's personal files Charles F. Ames, vice-president of Eastman-Kodak Co. George Worthington Andrus, Eastman's brother-in-law Anthonys, pioneer dealers in photographic supplies, first selling agents for Eastman
Folder 2:
Leo Baekeland, chemist, inventory, gave name to bakelite plastic Raymond Ball, president and then board chairman of Lincoln Alliance Bank Mrs. C. Storrs Barrows, daughter of boyhood chum of Eastman Rev. Dr. Murray Bartlett, former rector St. Paul's, attended by Eastman's mother, neighbor and old friend Walter G. Bent, headed up English Co., business associate Jacob Bernstein, stage-hand at Eastman Theatre T. H. Blair, camera manufacturer, competitor of Eastman Ernie E. Blake, Kodak Ltd., London, motion picture executive Mrs. Carlton F. Bown, daughter of Darwin Smith T. C. Bridges, author of Kings of Commerce Tom Brown, retired lithographic employee Frank Brownell, camera designer, longtime business associate Jules Brulatour, agent for Kodak movie film, friend of Eastman Dr. Harvey J. Burkhart, director of Rochester Dental Dispensary and advisor on other Eastman dental clinics Charles W. Burley, assistant manager, Kodak Park Roy L. Butterfield, Rochester citizen, school principal
Folder 3:
George Cannan and others, old-time Kodak employees John Carbutt, pioneer dry plate manufacturer George A. Carnahan, judge and prominent Rochester civic figure Charles D. Carruth, former engineer and Stromberg-Carlson employee William Carter, coachman and early chauffeur for Eastman Charles Z. Case, Kodak official in London and Rochester, in charge of "special developments" Albert K. Chapman, president of Kodak Marie Cherbuliez - Eastman's housekeeper from 1914 until his death in 1932 Fred F. Church and Melville, patent lawyers Brackett Halford Clark, original stockholder, Rochester barrel stave manufacturer George H. Clark, son of Brackett, longtime director of Kodak Joseph Thacher Clarke, longtime employee, English and foreign expert, Eastman's traveling companion on early trips Benham "Ben" Cline, old employee, photographer, married Kodak girl Minnie Hoefler Cline, married Ben Cline, old employee Henry Clune Mr. and Mrs. Walter Cope and Emily Kilbourn Cope Johnson, cousins of Eastman Stephen B. Cornell, Kodak official Franklin M. Cossitt, helped Eastman design "detective camera" Moses B. Cotsworth, "adviser" on calendar reform T. J. Craig, old employee, manager of service department for Kodak Gustav Cramer, manufacturer of photographic plates D. H. Cross, pioneer dry plate manufacturer Frank M. Crouch, old employee, cashier for a long time G. Hanmer Croughton, early employee, saw evolution of No. 1 Kodak
Folder 4:
Harry Darling, old employee, onetime general superintendent of Camera Works J. Lionberger Davis, companion on 1920 trip to Japan, board chairman Security National Bank Savings and Trust Co., St. Louis, Missouri Ronald C. Davison, father George was general manager of English branch of Kodak William W. Day, old employee Josephine Dickman, widow of British manager, longtime friend of Eastman W. K. L. Dickson, aide to Edison, worked on early movie experiments Herman Dossenbach, musician, Park Band leader George Dryden, husband of Ellen Andrus (Eastman's niece) John E. Dumont, old time photographer Mr. and Mrs. Albert B. Eastwood, merchant and early investor in Kodak, on early camping trips with Eastman Thomas A. Edison Franklin C. Ellis, public relations at Kodak James Evanoff, testing department at Kodak
Folder 5:
Harry W. Fell, old employee Albert "Bert" O. Fenn, Rochester banker, friend, and business associate Harry M. Fenn, old employee and relative (?) of Bert Fenn Carl Fisher, manager of special sales for Kodak Irving Fisher, Yale professor and economist Gina Fisher-Hammer, author of The History of the Kodak and Its Continuations Abraham Flexner, money raiser, Eastman's "highwayman" B. C. Forbes, business writer Charles Forbes, chemist, University of Rochester professor L. S. Foulkes, Rochester chair manufacturer Helen M. Fraser, employee, secretary Frank E. Gannett, newspaper publisher Katherine Gerling, longtime Kodak Park employee Harold Gleason, Eastman's organist, later with Eastman School of Music Marion Gleason, wife of Harold Gleason (now divorced), friend of Eastman Edward P. Goetzman, shipping supervisor at Kodak Dr. George W. Goler, Rochester health officer and public health expert Hannibal Goodwin, retired clergyman, holder of film patent Eugene Goossens, orchestra conductor J. L. Gorham, assistant treasurer at Kodak
Folder 6:
Harry Haight, industrial relations manager at Kodak John Handy, former errand boy Howard Hanson, composer, director of Eastman School of Music Thomas Jean Hargrave, board chairman Kodak Edward Harris, lawyer Will Hays, motion picture "czar" Jeremiah G. Hickey, president of Hickey-Freeman Elizabeth Holahan, authority on architectural restoration John C. Hosking, Rochester Savings Bank employee David Henderson Houston, inventor, farmer Anna D. Hubbell, daughter of Eastman's lawyer Walter S. Hubbell, lawyer and personal friend Charles E. Hutchings, old Kodak employee Alice Whitney Hutchison, Eastman's secretary, started June 2, 1890 Charles F. Hutchison, Kodak Park official, husband of Alice Whitney Frederic E. Ives, pioneer in color photography A. W. Jacobs, old neighbor, businessman Charles E. Johnson, old employee Osa Johnson, wife of Martin Johnson, author of I Married Adventure, safari companion Frances Benjamin Johnston, famous lady photographer Henry F. Jones, employee Lewis Bunnell Jones, longtime advertising manager at Kodak and vice-president
Folder 7:
Albert David Kaiser, physician, friend of Eastman Art Kelly, publicity man at Eastman Theatre J. J. Kennedy, attorney, Philipp partner, handled anti-trust and patent cases John Kent, early Kodak director, photographer Mrs. Harold C. Kimball, friend Emil Kipper, manager of American Zylonite Co. Louisa J. Knorr, Mrs. Eastman's nurse F. D. T. Krohn, English chemist and employee E. D. Leary, businessman, lamp store (?) Albert Levy, early competitor of Eastman Clarence A. Livingston, superintendent University of Rochester Buildings and Grounds S. T. Loveday, English executive of Kodak Frank W. Lovejoy, key aide to Eastman, later president and board chairman of Kodak Louis and Auguste Lumiere, French photographic pioneers
Folder 8:
Richard Cockburn Maclaurin, president of MIT, 1909 - 1920 E. H. MacNamara, employee F. S. Macomber, lawyer and outdoor companion Charles W. Marcus, old employee, director of purchasing at Kodak Park Minnie Mason, Eastman's last nurse T. C. Mattison, Kodak executive in England Dr. C. E. Kenneth Mees, head of Kodak research Fausta V. Mengarini, sculptress Carmen H. Messmore, art dealer, Knoedler's George Hibbard Monroe, photographer, Eastman's instructor Frank Luthor Mott, author of A History of American Magazines 1885-1905 (vol. 4) Nathaniel "Nat" Myrick, longtime employee at Eastman House Edward T. McDermott, old employee Blake McKelvey, Rochester city historian
Folder 9:
Marshall Naul, researcher Beaumont Newhall Evangeline (Mrs. C. W.) Newhall, college friend of Ellen Andrus Dryden; companion of Eastman Rev. George E. Norton, rector of St. Paul's Church Albert D. Osborne, examiner of questioned documents Harvey Padelford, Eastman's last chauffeur Charles Pathe, French pioneer in photography H. R. Patterson, Camera Works employee, son-in-law of Frank Crouch Moritz Bernard Philipp, Eastman's longtime New York lawyer W. B. ("Pete") Potter, advertising manager Kodak, 1954 Mrs. Robert Ranlet, social figure, personal friend Benjamin Rush Rhees, president, University of Rochester Milton K. Robinson, assistant secretary and later secretary of Kodak Rochester Savings Bank George W. Rockwood, important photographer in New York City Samuel Rothafel ("Roxy"), theatre manager, candidate for Eastman Theatre job
Folder 10:
Edwin O. Sage, Kodak director, shoe manufacturer Carl Sandburg, from The People, Yes Scovill, manufacturers of cameras and supplies Frank Seaman, longtime Kodak advertising agent Arthur M. See, music figure George B. Selden, son of patent lawyer John R. Slater, University of Rochester professor Leroy E. Snyder, assistant to president, Gannett newspapers Oscar N. Solbert, Eastman's aide in lobbying and social matters, director of Eastman House Stanley, dry plate manufacturers, steam automobiles Rollin Steward Dr. Audley D. Stewart, Eastman's last-doctor D. H. Stewart, head of patents office, Kodak Charles N. Storer, early friend of Eastman, had umbrella business in Rochester Hattie Strong, second wife of Col. Henry Alvah Strong Henry Alvah Strong, Eastman's longtime partner, close friend W. G. Stuber, emulsion expert, president and board chairman, Kodak Albert F. Sulzer, Kodak official, became a vice-president
Folder 11:
Robert A. Taft, Photography and the American Scene Henry L. Thayer, old employee Gustave Tinlot, musician, quartet leader Dundas Todd, editor, correspondent of Eastman George Todd, director at Lincoln Bank "Ted" Townsend, Waterville editor, columnist Utica Daily Press Samuel W. Turner, inventor of daylight loading cartridge Charles Turpin, Kodak employee, 1892-1932 Mrs. William S. Vaughn, Eastman's last organist Hermann Vogel, pioneer in color photography William Hall Walker, early partner of Eastman and Strong A. J. Warner, son of architect, music critic at Times-Union Hulbert Harrington Warner, Rochester businessman, promoter of "Warner's Safe Cures" W. Earl Weller, director of Rochester Bureau of Municipal Research Mrs. George H. Whipple, wife of dean of medical school, one of Eastman's young ladies in later years Lawrence Grant White, architect, head of McKim, Mead White in 1940 Perley S. Wilcox, Tennessee Eastman Co. Roger Wollin, reporter for Hearst Journal-American, at Eastman's death Yawman Erbe, manufactured roll holders to Eastman's order in 1885 Solomon C. Young, longtime servant and Eastman's last valet Adolph Zukor, motion picture pioneer
Box 2: Eastman Biography notes
Folder:
Folder 1. Bibliography and sources
Folder 2. Guide notes
Folder 3. Research notes and follow-ups
Folder 4. Eastman biographical information
Folder 5. Eastman letter to Rochester Telephone Co. and replies, October 2, 1922
Folder 6. Illustrations
Folder 7. Patents/Legal - research lists and photocopies
Folder 8. Recollections connected with George Eastman
Folder 9. Travel notes
Folder 10. Butterfield miscellaneous notes #1
Folder 11. Butterfield miscellaneous notes #2
Folder 12. Random notes from Eastman Kodak Co. correspondence
Folder 13. Newspaper check-ups
Folder 14. Notes from newspaper articles and periodicals
Folder 15. Waterville newspaper transcriptions
Folder 16. Newspaper clippings, Eastman's death, 1932
Folder 17. General printed information
Folder 18. Miscellaneous newspaper articles
Box 3: Photography
Folder:
Folder 1. Photography, general
Folder 2. Catalogues and instruction booklets
Folder 3. Manuals and price lists
Folder 4. Printed information, Kodak
Folder 5. Printed information, Kodak, including:
"The Origin of the Name 'Kodak'" "A Picture of Eastman Kodak" (reprint pamphlet) "Facts about the World's Largest Organization Engaged in the Manufacture of Photographic Materials" 3 Eastman Kodak Company handbooks
Folder 6. Printed information, Kodak: Eastman Kodak Annual Reports, 1952, 1953, 1955
Folder 7. Printed information, Kodak, including:
"The Industrial Relations Program of Eastman Kodak Company" (pamphlet) "Kodak Park 50 Years Ago: A boy' s-eye view of 1904," by A. Whitman Crittenden
Folder 8. Newspaper clippings, Eastman Kodak Co.
Box 4: Book Correspondence and Agreements, Printed Material
Folder:
Folder 1. Book Correspondence and Agreements, 1954-1959
Folder 2. Congratulatory clippings on LIFE article, 1954
Folder 3. Personal correspondence relating to LIFE article, 1954-1960
Folder 4. Book: Through the Ages (June, 1924) with article on the marble in the Eastman Theatre
Folder 5. Book: The Collection of Frank Lusk Babbott (1934)
Folder 6. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 4 no. 1 (Spring, 1962) with information of Mary Garden
Folder Package:
Item: Moore's Rural New York, December 3, 1870 with article and advertisement about Harvey Eastman's Eastman's College in Poughkeepsie, New York Scientific American, September 15, 1888 with article on Kodak camera Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, February 8, 1917 with article "Men Who Are Making America," by B. C. Forbes - biographical sketch of Eastman Poughkeepsie Sunday New Yorker, December 1, 1946 with article "Trumpeter of the Textbooks," by Thomas A. Dugan, about Harvey Eastman


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