Date range:
Location: D.4
Size: 9 notebooks, 4 boxes, 1 package


Background and Scope of Collection:

The Eastman-Butterfield Collection consists of a series of notes in nine notebooks, four boxes, and one package. Roger Butterfield assembled the notes in the early 1950s to serve as the resource material for a proposed biography of George Eastman. Although Butterfield never wrote the Eastman biography, he did publish an article, "The Prodigious Life of George Eastman," in the April 26, 1954 issue of Life magazine.

The first eight notebooks contain notes and correspondence arranged in chronological order. These notebooks cover the period from c.1830 until George Eastman's death in 1932. The ninth notebook is comprised of a subject file of key elements of Eastman's life.

Researchers using the notebooks can determine the sources of Butterfield's information by looking at the initial code in the upper left-hand corner of each page. Butterfield's general information came either from the Eastman House (EH) or from the Eastman Kodak Company (EK) files. Material from either of these sources that was derived from examining letters (correspondence) can be distinguished by the presence of an L before the main initials (i.e. LEH and LEK). The Eastman Kodak Company further divided Eastman's letters into personal correspondence boxes and general (mostly business) correspondence boxes. LB stands for Letter Box, the general file, while PLB denotes the Personal Letter Box. Much of the Eastman Kodak Company correspondence collection had already been excerpted and transcribed by Kodak employees before Butterfield began his research. Butterfield notes in the text of the notebooks which letters he has only seen in incomplete transcribed versions. The Eastman House files were transferred to the Department of Rare Books, & Special Collections and can now be found in D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers.

The collection also contains four boxes and one package. The first three boxes include interviews, notes, newspaper clippings, pamphlets and other research materials. The first box contains a series of interviews and interview notes gathered by Butterfield. The interviews shed light on Eastman's private and public life, on his management of the Eastman Kodak Company, and on the continuing development of the Company since his death. The second box contains Butterfield's notes and printed materials having to do with George Eastman himself. The third box contains notes and clippings about the development of photography in general, and some specific information about the Eastman Kodak Company. This box also contains printed material distributed by Eastman Kodak to its stockholders. The last box contains copies of Butterfield's book contracts for the writing of the Eastman biography and correspondence pertaining to the proposed book.

The Eastman-Butterfield Collection is one of five collections of materials relating to George Eastman in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections. The other four collections are:


  • D.85, the George Eastman House Construction Papers, 1902-1906, which consists of correspondence, including some to and from George Eastman, agreements, contracts, etc., relating to the construction of the home of George Eastman at 350 (now 900) East Avenue, Rochester, New York;
  • D.137, the Bachmann (Lawrence) Papers, a collection of notes and a draft of a proposed biography of Eastman; and
  • D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers, composed of Eastman's correspondence, printed ephemera, and over 4,000 photographs and negatives depicting George Eastman, his family, his friends, his homes in Waterville and at 900 East Avenue, and early Kodak factories and workers.
  • D.139, Eastman Research Materials, is a collection of miscellaneous items, including scrapbooks, taped oral histories, photographs, and an extensive newspaper clipping file. As relevant material is acquired, it will be added to this collection.

This collection was the gift of Roger Butterfield in September, 1971.












  1. c. 1830-1878
  2. 1879-1889
  3. 1890-1895
  4. 1896-1901
  5. 1902-1906
  6. 1907-1911
  7. 1912-1918
  8. 1919-1932
  9. Subject file -- biographical; business; family; finances; gifts; homes; legal; patents; personal; philosophy; philanthropy; photography; travel; women; his death


Box 1: Interview notes Folder 1:



  • C. S. Abbott
  • Gertrude Strong Achilles, daughter of Henry Strong
  • Carl W. Ackerman, biographer
  • Bill Adams, barber (?)
  • Irving Adams, early competitor of Eastman
  • Dr. Rufus A. Adams, physician, original stockholder
  • Isaac Adler, solicited by Eastman to be trustee of Bureau of Municipal Research
  • Mortimer Adler, associated on Community Chest beginning 1917
  • Carl Akeley, from Carl Akeley's Africa, by Mary L. Akeley
  • Harold E. Akerly, former employee and companion on trip
  • Linda Allard - Eastman Kodak Co., in charge of Eastman's personal files
  • Charles F. Ames, vice-president of Eastman-Kodak Co.
  • George Worthington Andrus, Eastman's brother-in-law
  • Anthonys, pioneer dealers in photographic supplies, first selling agents for Eastman

Folder 2:

  • Leo Baekeland, chemist, inventory, gave name to bakelite plastic
  • Raymond Ball, president and then board chairman of Lincoln Alliance Bank
  • Mrs. C. Storrs Barrows, daughter of boyhood chum of Eastman
  • Rev. Dr. Murray Bartlett, former rector St. Paul's, attended by Eastman's mother, neighbor and old friend
  • Walter G. Bent, headed up English Co., business associate
  • Jacob Bernstein, stage-hand at Eastman Theatre
  • T. H. Blair, camera manufacturer, competitor of Eastman
  • Ernie E. Blake, Kodak Ltd., London, motion picture executive
  • Mrs. Carlton F. Bown, daughter of Darwin Smith
  • T. C. Bridges, author of Kings of Commerce
  • Tom Brown, retired lithographic employee
  • Frank Brownell, camera designer, longtime business associate
  • Jules Brulatour, agent for Kodak movie film, friend of Eastman
  • Dr. Harvey J. Burkhart, director of Rochester Dental Dispensary and advisor on other Eastman dental clinics
  • Charles W. Burley, assistant manager, Kodak Park
  • Roy L. Butterfield, Rochester citizen, school principal

Folder 3:

  • George Cannan and others, old-time Kodak employees
  • John Carbutt, pioneer dry plate manufacturer
  • George A. Carnahan, judge and prominent Rochester civic figure
  • Charles D. Carruth, former engineer and Stromberg-Carlson employee
  • William Carter, coachman and early chauffeur for Eastman
  • Charles Z. Case, Kodak official in London and Rochester, in charge of "special developments"
  • Albert K. Chapman, president of Kodak
  • Marie Cherbuliez - Eastman's housekeeper from 1914 until his death in 1932
  • Fred F. Church and Melville, patent lawyers
  • Brackett Halford Clark, original stockholder, Rochester barrel stave manufacturer
  • George H. Clark, son of Brackett, longtime director of Kodak
  • Joseph Thacher Clarke, longtime employee, English and foreign expert, Eastman's traveling companion on early trips
  • Benham "Ben" Cline, old employee, photographer, married Kodak girl
  • Minnie Hoefler Cline, married Ben Cline, old employee
  • Henry Clune
  • Mr. and Mrs. Walter Cope and Emily Kilbourn Cope Johnson, cousins of Eastman
  • Stephen B. Cornell, Kodak official
  • Franklin M. Cossitt, helped Eastman design "detective camera"
  • Moses B. Cotsworth, "adviser" on calendar reform
  • T. J. Craig, old employee, manager of service department for Kodak
  • Gustav Cramer, manufacturer of photographic plates
  • D. H. Cross, pioneer dry plate manufacturer
  • Frank M. Crouch, old employee, cashier for a long time
  • G. Hanmer Croughton, early employee, saw evolution of No. 1 Kodak

Folder 4:

  • Harry Darling, old employee, onetime general superintendent of Camera Works
  • J. Lionberger Davis, companion on 1920 trip to Japan, board chairman Security National Bank Savings and Trust Co., St. Louis, Missouri
  • Ronald C. Davison, father George was general manager of English branch of Kodak
  • William W. Day, old employee
  • Josephine Dickman, widow of British manager, longtime friend of Eastman
  • W. K. L. Dickson, aide to Edison, worked on early movie experiments
  • Herman Dossenbach, musician, Park Band leader
  • George Dryden, husband of Ellen Andrus (Eastman's niece)
  • John E. Dumont, old time photographer
  • Mr. and Mrs. Albert B. Eastwood, merchant and early investor in Kodak, on early camping trips with Eastman
  • Thomas A. Edison
  • Franklin C. Ellis, public relations at Kodak
  • James Evanoff, testing department at Kodak

Folder 5:

  • Harry W. Fell, old employee
  • Albert "Bert" O. Fenn, Rochester banker, friend, and business associate
  • Harry M. Fenn, old employee and relative (?) of Bert Fenn
  • Carl Fisher, manager of special sales for Kodak
  • Irving Fisher, Yale professor and economist
  • Gina Fisher-Hammer, author of The History of the Kodak and Its Continuations
  • Abraham Flexner, money raiser, Eastman's "highwayman"
  • B. C. Forbes, business writer
  • Charles Forbes, chemist, University of Rochester professor
  • L. S. Foulkes, Rochester chair manufacturer
  • Helen M. Fraser, employee, secretary
  • Frank E. Gannett, newspaper publisher
  • Katherine Gerling, longtime Kodak Park employee
  • Harold Gleason, Eastman's organist, later with Eastman School of Music
  • Marion Gleason, wife of Harold Gleason (now divorced), friend of Eastman
  • Edward P. Goetzman, shipping supervisor at Kodak
  • Dr. George W. Goler, Rochester health officer and public health expert
  • Hannibal Goodwin, retired clergyman, holder of film patent
  • Eugene Goossens, orchestra conductor
  • J. L. Gorham, assistant treasurer at Kodak

Folder 6:

  • Harry Haight, industrial relations manager at Kodak
  • John Handy, former errand boy
  • Howard Hanson, composer, director of Eastman School of Music
  • Thomas Jean Hargrave, board chairman Kodak
  • Edward Harris, lawyer
  • Will Hays, motion picture "czar"
  • Jeremiah G. Hickey, president of Hickey-Freeman
  • Elizabeth Holahan, authority on architectural restoration
  • John C. Hosking, Rochester Savings Bank employee
  • David Henderson Houston, inventor, farmer
  • Anna D. Hubbell, daughter of Eastman's lawyer
  • Walter S. Hubbell, lawyer and personal friend
  • Charles E. Hutchings, old Kodak employee
  • Alice Whitney Hutchison, Eastman's secretary, started June 2, 1890
  • Charles F. Hutchison, Kodak Park official, husband of Alice Whitney
  • Frederic E. Ives, pioneer in color photography
  • A. W. Jacobs, old neighbor, businessman
  • Charles E. Johnson, old employee
  • Osa Johnson, wife of Martin Johnson, author of I Married Adventure, safari companion
  • Frances Benjamin Johnston, famous lady photographer
  • Henry F. Jones, employee
  • Lewis Bunnell Jones, longtime advertising manager at Kodak and vice-president

Folder 7:

  • Albert David Kaiser, physician, friend of Eastman
  • Art Kelly, publicity man at Eastman Theatre
  • J. J. Kennedy, attorney, Philipp partner, handled anti-trust and patent cases
  • John Kent, early Kodak director, photographer
  • Mrs. Harold C. Kimball, friend
  • Emil Kipper, manager of American Zylonite Co.
  • Louisa J. Knorr, Mrs. Eastman's nurse
  • F. D. T. Krohn, English chemist and employee
  • E. D. Leary, businessman, lamp store (?)
  • Albert Levy, early competitor of Eastman
  • Clarence A. Livingston, superintendent University of Rochester Buildings and Grounds
  • S. T. Loveday, English executive of Kodak
  • Frank W. Lovejoy, key aide to Eastman, later president and board chairman of Kodak
  • Louis and Auguste Lumiere, French photographic pioneers

Folder 8:

  • Richard Cockburn Maclaurin, president of MIT, 1909 - 1920
  • E. H. MacNamara, employee
  • F. S. Macomber, lawyer and outdoor companion
  • Charles W. Marcus, old employee, director of purchasing at Kodak Park
  • Minnie Mason, Eastman's last nurse
  • T. C. Mattison, Kodak executive in England
  • Dr. C. E. Kenneth Mees, head of Kodak research
  • Fausta V. Mengarini, sculptress
  • Carmen H. Messmore, art dealer, Knoedler's
  • George Hibbard Monroe, photographer, Eastman's instructor
  • Frank Luthor Mott, author of A History of American Magazines 1885-1905 (vol. 4)
  • Nathaniel "Nat" Myrick, longtime employee at Eastman House
  • Edward T. McDermott, old employee
  • Blake McKelvey, Rochester city historian

Folder 9:

  • Marshall Naul, researcher
  • Beaumont Newhall
  • Evangeline (Mrs. C. W.) Newhall, college friend of Ellen Andrus Dryden; companion of Eastman
  • Rev. George E. Norton, rector of St. Paul's Church
  • Albert D. Osborne, examiner of questioned documents
  • Harvey Padelford, Eastman's last chauffeur
  • Charles Pathe, French pioneer in photography
  • H. R. Patterson, Camera Works employee, son-in-law of Frank Crouch
  • Moritz Bernard Philipp, Eastman's longtime New York lawyer
  • W. B. ("Pete") Potter, advertising manager Kodak, 1954
  • Mrs. Robert Ranlet, social figure, personal friend
  • Benjamin Rush Rhees, president, University of Rochester
  • Milton K. Robinson, assistant secretary and later secretary of Kodak
  • Rochester Savings Bank
  • George W. Rockwood, important photographer in New York City
  • Samuel Rothafel ("Roxy"), theatre manager, candidate for Eastman Theatre job

Folder 10:

  • Edwin O. Sage, Kodak director, shoe manufacturer
  • Carl Sandburg, from The People, Yes
  • Scovill, manufacturers of cameras and supplies
  • Frank Seaman, longtime Kodak advertising agent
  • Arthur M. See, music figure
  • George B. Selden, son of patent lawyer
  • John R. Slater, University of Rochester professor
  • Leroy E. Snyder, assistant to president, Gannett newspapers
  • Oscar N. Solbert, Eastman's aide in lobbying and social matters, director of Eastman House
  • Stanley, dry plate manufacturers, steam automobiles
  • Rollin Steward
  • Dr. Audley D. Stewart, Eastman's last-doctor
  • D. H. Stewart, head of patents office, Kodak
  • Charles N. Storer, early friend of Eastman, had umbrella business in Rochester
  • Hattie Strong, second wife of Col. Henry Alvah Strong
  • Henry Alvah Strong, Eastman's longtime partner, close friend
  • W. G. Stuber, emulsion expert, president and board chairman, Kodak
  • Albert F. Sulzer, Kodak official, became a vice-president

Folder 11:

  • Robert A. Taft, Photography and the American Scene
  • Henry L. Thayer, old employee
  • Gustave Tinlot, musician, quartet leader
  • Dundas Todd, editor, correspondent of Eastman
  • George Todd, director at Lincoln Bank
  • "Ted" Townsend, Waterville editor, columnist Utica Daily Press
  • Samuel W. Turner, inventor of daylight loading cartridge
  • Charles Turpin, Kodak employee, 1892-1932
  • Mrs. William S. Vaughn, Eastman's last organist
  • Hermann Vogel, pioneer in color photography
  • William Hall Walker, early partner of Eastman and Strong
  • A. J. Warner, son of architect, music critic at Times-Union
  • Hulbert Harrington Warner, Rochester businessman, promoter of "Warner's Safe Cures"
  • W. Earl Weller, director of Rochester Bureau of Municipal Research
  • Mrs. George H. Whipple, wife of dean of medical school, one of Eastman's young ladies in later years
  • Lawrence Grant White, architect, head of McKim, Mead & White in 1940
  • Perley S. Wilcox, Tennessee Eastman Co.
  • Roger Wollin, reporter for Hearst Journal-American, at Eastman's death
  • Yawman & Erbe, manufactured roll holders to Eastman's order in 1885
  • Solomon C. Young, longtime servant and Eastman's last valet
  • Adolph Zukor, motion picture pioneer

Box 2: Eastman Biography notes


  1. Bibliography and sources
  2. Guide notes
  3. Research notes and follow-ups
  4. Eastman biographical information
  5. Eastman letter to Rochester Telephone Co. and replies, October 2, 1922
  6. Illustrations
  7. Patents/Legal - research lists and photocopies
  8. Recollections connected with George Eastman
  9. Travel notes
  10. Butterfield miscellaneous notes #1
  11. Butterfield miscellaneous notes #2
  12. Random notes from Eastman Kodak Co. correspondence
  13. Newspaper check-ups
  14. Notes from newspaper articles and periodicals
  15. Waterville newspaper transcriptions
  16. Newspaper clippings, Eastman's death, 1932
  17. General printed information
  18. Miscellaneous newspaper articles

Box 3: Photography


  1. Photography, general
  2. Catalogues and instruction booklets
  3. Manuals and price lists
  4. Printed information, Kodak
  5. Printed information, Kodak, including:
    • "The Origin of the Name 'Kodak'"
    • "A Picture of Eastman Kodak" (reprint pamphlet)
    • "Facts about the World's Largest Organization Engaged in the Manufacture of Photographic Materials"
  1. 3 Eastman Kodak Company handbook
  2. Printed information, Kodak: Eastman Kodak Annual Reports, 1952, 1953, 1955
  3. Printed information, Kodak, including:
    • "The Industrial Relations Program of Eastman Kodak Company" (pamphlet)
    • "Kodak Park 50 Years Ago: A boy' s-eye view of 1904," by A. Whitman Crittenden
  4. Newspaper clippings, Eastman Kodak Co.

Box 4: Book Correspondence and Agreements, Printed Material


  1. Book Correspondence and Agreements, 1954-1959
  2. Congratulatory clippings on LIFE article, 1954
  3. Personal correspondence relating to LIFE article, 1954-1960
  4. Book: Through the Ages (June, 1924) with article on the marble in the Eastman Theatre
  5. Book: The Collection of Frank Lusk Babbott (1934)
  6. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 4 no. 1 (Spring, 1962) with information of Mary Garden



  1. Moore's Rural New York, December 3, 1870 with article and advertisement about Harvey Eastman's Eastman's College in Poughkeepsie, New York
  2. Scientific American, September 15, 1888 with article on Kodak camera
  3. Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, February 8, 1917 with article "Men Who Are Making America," by B. C. Forbes - biographical sketch of Eastman
  4. Poughkeepsie Sunday New Yorker, December 1, 1946 with article "Trumpeter of the Textbooks," by Thomas A. Dugan, about Harvey Eastman