Bachmann, Lawrence

Title: LAWRENCE BACHMANN PAPERS
Date range:
Location: D.137
Size: 6 boxes




This collection contains interviews, notes, two rough drafts, and a final draft of an unpublished biography of George Eastman written by Lawrence Bachmann in the early 1970s. Also included in the collection are correspondence relating to the publication of the manuscript, copies of a 1934 exchange of letters between Carl Ackerman, authorized biographer of Eastman, and Frank Lovejoy, former president of Eastman Kodak Company, and other miscellaneous correspondence and memorabilia.

Bachmann conducted fifty interviews between 1969 and 1972. In these interviews friends and business associates of Eastman discuss their memories of him. The interviews range from highly personal accounts to recollections of Eastman as a business personality. Other interviews focus on the growth of the Eastman Kodak Company since Eastman's death in 1932, and on more technical aspects of some of Kodak's manufacturing processes.

The earliest draft of the manuscript includes an outline of the proposed scope of the book and drafts of most of the later chapters. The second or "long draft," as Bachmann named it, contains fifty-nine chapters. This draft naturally divides into two parts: Eastman's life and the founding and development of the Eastman Kodak Company until Eastman's death in 1932; and the continued growth of the company from after Eastman's death until the 1960s. Bachmann condensed the fifty-nine chapters into thirty-seven chapters between March and May of 1973. After he completed this final draft, Bachmann sent certain chapters and portions of chapters out to be read and corrected by Kodak officials, including William Vaughn, and also to Harry Sious of Little, Brown, the prospective publishing house. Some of these annotated chapters appear in the final draft; others comprise a separate portion of the collection.

The Bachmann (Lawrence) Papers is one of five collections of materials relating to George Eastman in the Department of Rare Books & Special Collections. The other four collections are: D.4, the Eastman-Butterfield Collection, a set of notes, interviews and printed information gathered as the resource material for a proposed biography of Eastman; D.85, the George Eastman House Construction Papers, 1902-1906, which consists of correspondence, including some to and from George Eastman, agreements, contracts, etc., relating to the construction of the home of George Eastman at 350 (now 900) East Avenue, Rochester, New York; and D.138, the Eastman (George) Papers, composed of Eastman's correspondence, printed ephemera, and over 4,000 photographs and negatives depicting George Eastman, his family, his friends, his homes in Waterville and at 900 East Avenue, and early Kodak factories and workers. The last collection, D.139, Eastman Research Materials, is a collection of miscellaneous items, including scrapbooks, taped oral histories, photographs, and an extensive newspaper clipping file. As relevant material is acquired, it will be added to this collection.

Gift of Lawrence Bachmann, April 23, 1974.



Contents:

 Box 1: Interviews

Folder 1:
  • Saul Minsky, November 11, 1971
  • A. E. Amor, August 13, 1971
  • Miss Winifred Anderson, May 13, 1971
  • Earl Arnold, May 4, 1971
  • J. M. Arnold, Business Systems, November 4, 1971
Folder 2:

  • Dr. Chapman, May 5, 1971
  • Robert Churchill, October 20, 1971
  • Walter Clark, November 3, 1971
  • Craig Cochrane, October 19, 1971
  • A. Whitman Crittenden, May 13, 1971
  • Gen. Edward Peck Curtis, October 31, 1970
Folder 3:

  • Dr. Roy Davis, August 23, 1971
  • Dr. Lee Davy, October 21, 1971
  • D. T. R. Dighton, Kodak Ltd., England, August 13, 1971
  • Dr. Louis K. Eilers, June 21, 1972
  • Herbert M. Eisenhart, May 7, 1971
Folder 4:

  • Harold Gleason, November 15, 1970
  • Marion Gleason, February 14, 1969
  • Leopold Godowsky, April 17, 1972
Folder 5:

  • Howard Hanson, June 23, 1972
  • Dr. W. T. Hanson, November 3, 1971
  • G. S. Hawkes, August 18, 1971
  • Dr. Martin D. Kamen, November 15, 1971
  • Dr. J. A. Leermakers, May 7, 1971
Folder 6:

  • Mr. Donald McConville, May 4, 1971
  • Rouben Mamoulian, May 21, 1971
  • Al. E. McCoy, Space Photography, June 6, 1972
  • Donald McMasters, November 1 and 4, 1971
  • R. W. Miller, vice-president Finance and Administration, November 8, 1971
  • J. C. Mulder, November 2, 1971
Folder 7:

  • A. D. Page and S. Smythe, August 16, 1971
  • Elizabeth Peoples, May 10, 1971
  • Milton Robinson, October 30, 1970
Folder 8:

  • R. E. Schellberg, vice-president, Distribution, November 9, 1971
  • E. W. Schlosser, November 2, 1971
  • Ernest Schoedsack, May 21, 1971
  • Nicolas Slomimsky, May 20, 1971
  • Dr. D. A. Spencer, August 1971
  • Cyril Stand, May 6, 1971
  • Dr. Audley Stewart, May 1969
  • Arthur L. Stern, November 10, 1971
Folder 9:

  • M. Lucien Vacher, March 2, 1971
  • William S. Vaughn, October 28, 1971
  • Peter Verstaete, May 6, 1971
Folder 10:

  • Mrs. Hawley Ward, November 19, 1970
  • Arnold Weissberger, May 10, 1971
  • Dr. George Whipple, November 19, 1970
  • Mrs. George H. Whipple, October 19, 1970
  • James White, October 20, 1971
  • I. D. Wratten, August 11, 1971
 

Box 2: Early Draft (Outline and later chapters)

Folder:
  1. Outline, chapter 57 - SPICE, chapter 50 - 'Man' and 'God' = Color, chapter 55 - Oak Ridge
  2. Chapter 57 - SPICE (2), last chapter, penultimate chapter, and notes for chapters 60 and 61
  3. Chapter 59, chapter 58
  4. Chapter 57, chapter 3 - Why carry a teepee?, chapter 56
  5. Chapter 55 - Oak Ridge, chapter 54
  6. Chapter 53, chapter 52, chapter 51 - World War II: Kodak A.G.; Kodak-Pathe
  7. Chapter 50 - 'Man' and 'God' = Color, chapter 49, chapter 47 - "My work is done. Why wait?"
  8. Chapter 46, chapter 44, African Trip notes, chapter 34 - A maid for the maids
  9. Chapter 37 - The Indian Spring of George Eastman, other notes
  10. Chapter 31, chapter 30, chapter 29, chapter 27 - The 1914 New Year Ball, chapter 26, The Golden Stream chapter notes, trips notes, notes from Eastman's letters, June 1898-1902
  11. Notes for chapters 20 and 21, chapter 18, chapter 19
  12. Notes, chapter 20 - Eastman House, chapter 21, two sections of chapter 20
 

Box 3: 1972 Long Draft

Folder:
  1. Outline, chapter l - Inventing on a kitchen stove, chapter 2 - "My mother never kissed me," chapter 3 - He stood in the works
  2. Chapter 4 - One share in the original company equals.... chapter 5 - A composite day, chapter 6 - Gilbert and Sullivan - and Kodak, chapter 7 - "She's the angel in my life," chapter 8 - A Praying Department
  3. Chapter 9 - "...the prospect of having a cowhouse," chapter 10 - William G. Stuber's secret ingredient, chapter 11 - I like to watch other people work," chapter 12 - The two gifts of the gods, chapter 13 - The silver cord
  4. Chapter 14 - Eastman v The City, chapter 15 - Meanwhile back at the Park, chapter 16 - "...control of the photographic business," chapter 17 - Eastman's House
  5. Chapter 18 - "...language itself will become obsolete," chapter 19 - The Summertime of George Eastman, chapter 20 - The GOLDEN STREAM, chapter 21 - Enter Rush Rhees
  6. Chapter 22 - "Your job is the future of photography," chapter 23 - The New Year's Ball, chapter 24 - "Greeting"', chapter 25 - Frustration
  7. Chapter 26 - The Home Front, chapter 27 - World War I, chapter 28 - "...Mr. Eastman became more progressive and more liberal"
  8. Chapter 29 - The Practical Proselytizer, chapter 30 - The School of Medicine and Dentistry, chapter 31 - A maid for the maids
  9. Chapter 32 - "...see the action during my lifetime," chapter 33 - The thirteen-month calendar, chapter 34 - Indian Summer, chapter 35 - "You have to trust your organization"
  10. Chapter 36 - A very young seventy-four, chapter 37 - Into chemicals, chapter 38 - An accounting of Kodak Limited to 1928, chapter 39 - "Whatsoever a man soweth..."
  11. Chapter 40 - He made pleasure a business, chapter 41 - Fire in the ashes, chapter 42 - "my work is done why wait?" chapter 43 - Three words, chapter 44 - The German challenge
  12. Chapter 45 - 'Man and God' = Color, chapter 46 - World War II: Kodak A.G. and Kodak-Pathe
  13. Chapter 47 - "...it concentrates his mind wonderfully," (2) chapter 48 - Kodak Rochester - World War II, chapter 49 - "The Lord had his arm around us"
  14. Chapter 50 - Oak Ridge, chapter 51 - Serendipity
  15. Chapter 52 - Same legal aspects, chapter 53 - The family of companies (2)
  16. Chapter 54 - Of many inventions, chapter 55 - The Instamatic, chapter 56 - Smugtown, chapter 57 - SPICE
 

Box 4: Carbon of pre-typed final draft (March-May 1973)

Folder:
  1. Preface, chapter 1 - Inventing on a kitchen stove
  2. Chapter 2 - He stood in the works
  3. Chapter 3 - A composite day
  4. Chapter 4 - "...start a praying department," chapter 5 - William G. Stuber's secret ingredient
  5. Chapter 6 - "I like to watch other people work," chapter 7 - The two gifts of the gods
  6. Chapter 8 - Eastman v. The City, chapter 9 - "...control of the photographic business all over the world"
  7. Chapter 10 - Eastman's House, chapter 11 - The Summertime of George Eastman
  8. Chapter 12 - "Your job is the future of photography," chapter 13 - An age of innocence, chapter 14 - "Greeting"'
  9. Chapter 15 - World War I, chapter 16 - ".. Mr. Eastman became more progressive and more liberal"
  10. Chapter 17 - The Practical Proselytist, chapter 18 - The School of Medicine and Dentistry
  11. Chapter 19 - A maid for the maids, chapter 20 - "...see the action during my lifetime," chapter 21 - Indian Summer
  12. Chapter 22 - "you have to trust your organization"
  13. Chapter 23 - Into chemicals
  14. Chapter 24 - "Whatsoever a man soweth...," chapter 25 - He made pleasure a business
  15. Chapter 26 - Fire in the ashes, chapter 27 - "My work is done why wait?" chapter 28 - Three words
  16. Chapter 29 - 'Man and God' = Color, chapter 30 - Two sides of the foreign coin
  17. Chapter 31 - "...it concentrates his mind wonderfully," chapter 32 - Kodak Rochester - World War II, chapter 33 - "The Lord had His arm around us"
  18. Chapter 34 - Oak Ridge
  19. Chapter 35 - Serendipity
  20. Chapter 36 - From 'Smugtown' to SPICE, chapter 37 - The Instamatic Camera
 

Box 5: May-July 1973 "Outs"

Folder:
  1. Chapter 30 - Two sides of the foreign coin, chapter 31 - "...it concentrates his mind wonderfully," chapter 32 - Kodak Rochester - World War II, chapter 34 - Oak Ridge
  2. Chapter 35 - Serendipity, chapter 51 - Serendipity, chapter 36 - From 'Smugtown' to SPICE, chapter 57 - SPICE, chapter 37 - The Instamatic
  3. Miscellaneous manuscript pages
  4. Miscellaneous manuscript pages
  5. Chapter 1 - Inventing on a kitchen stove, chapter 2 - He stood in the works, chapter 31 - A maid for the maids
  6. Chapter 44 - The German Challenge, chapter 45 - 'Man and God' = Color (2)
  7. Chapter 49 - "The Lord had His arm around us" (3)
  8. Chapter 23 - Into chemicals, chapter 36 - Some legal aspects, chapter 51 - Serendipity
  9. Miscellaneous manuscript pages, chapter 37 - Into chemicals
  10. Chapter 51 - Serendipity, chapter 44 - Emulsion, the basic mystery, miscellaneous manuscript pages
 

Box 6: Correspondence, Memorabilia, Miscellaneous

Folder:
  1. Copies of preface, outline, and correspondence relating to manuscript revision
  2. Notes for revision of manuscript between third and fourth drafts
  3. Verification of quotes, interview listing
  4. Genealogy and chronology of Eastman family, birth, death and marriage notices, currency and diploma photographs - Eastman Commercial College
  5. Kodak charts - growth of common stock, worldwide sales
  6. Copy of letter from Alice K. Hutchison to George Dryden, March 31, 1931, excerpts from Eastman-Dryden correspondence
  7. Copies of 1934 Lovejoy-Ackerman correspondence regarding revision of Ackerman biography of EastmanCopy of Clune-Lovejoy letter, February 25, 1944
  8. Memento of housewarming dinner given by Eastman on October 7, 1905 to celebrate the opening of 350 (now 900) East Avenue
  9. Menu, seating booklet, and memento from Society of the Genesee dinner honoring George Eastman, February 9, 1931
  10. Miscellaneous newspaper and periodical clippings